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Great Wall Chronology

Dynasties / States Construction Time Length
Western Zhou (1046 - 771BC)
Continuous forts were erected to defend against Xianyun tribe.
Eastern Zhou (770 - 256BC)
Chu State 7th century BC 310 miles
The Great Wall of Chu ran from Zhuxi County of Hubei Province, via Dengzhou, Neixiang, Nanzhao, Lushan, Yexian, Biyang, and Tongbai, and ended at Xinyang of Henan Province, forming a giant "∩" in central and south China. 
Qi State 6th century BC  398.5 miles
It extended across central Shangdong Province, starting from Guangli Village, Xiaoli Town, Changqing District of Jinan, and reaching the Yellow Sea in Huangdao District of Qingdao. 
Qin State 461BC and 409BC  unknown
The Qianluo Wall, built by Duke Ligong and Duke Jian of Qin, started from Xiaozhang Village at the foot of Mt. Huashan in Shaanxi, across Shaqu River, and reached Weihe River. Then, it ran along Luohe River, via Pucheng County, and ended at Huanglong Mountain in Baishui County.  
around 272BC  unknown
The Great Wall built by King Zhaoxiang of Qin ran from Minxian of Gansu, via Lintao, Weiyuan, Tongwei, Jingning, and entered Guyuan of Ningxia. Then, it turned northeast to Huanxian of Gansu. It went by Wuqi, Jingbian, Zhidan, and Ansai of Shaanxi, and divided into two lines. One ran to Suide County, and ended at Yuhe Town of Yulin. The other ran northward to Inner Mongolia, and reached the western bank of the Yellow River.
Zhongshan State 374BC  unknown
It was built at the boundary of Hebei and Shanxi Provinces in north China.
Wei State 361 - 352BC  unknown
The West Line ran from Mt. Huashan in Shaanxi, and crossed the Weihe River. Then, it went along the Luohe River, via Dali, Chengcheng, and Hancheng until it reached the Yellow River. Finally, it ended at Guyang County in Inner Mongolia.
unknown unknown
The South Line extended from Juanxian County in today's northeast Yuanyang of Henan Province to Yangwu in southeast Yuanyang. Then, it turned southwest, and arrived at Mixian County, today's Xinmi of Zhengzhou.
Han State 356BC  unknown
It was connected with the west line of Wei State Great Wall. It was originally built by Zheng State. After conquering Zheng State, Han State continued using the wall. Thus, the wall was known as Zhenghan Wall.
Zhao State 333BC  124 miles
The Southern Wall ran between Fushui River and Zhangshui River at today's boundary of Hebei Province and Henan Province.
300BC 404 miles
The Northern Wall extended eastward from Gaoque Fortress to Dai, today's Zhangbei County in Hebei Province, via Yinshan Mountains.
Yan State before 312BC 155 miles
The Southern Wall started from the Taihang Mountain of Hebei Province, arriving at the northeast of Xiong County via Xushui and Anxin Counties, and southward to Ziya River.
unknown unknown
The Northern Wall ran from Zhangjiakou in Hebei Province and ended at the northern bank of Qingchuan River in Liaoning Province.
Qin Dynasty (221 - 207BC)
around 214BC  3,107 miles
The Southern Great Wall of Qin Dynasty ran from Lintao, today's Minxian County in Gansu Province, via Guyuan in Ningxia, Huanxian in Gansu, Jingbian, Hengshan, Yuyang, and Shenmu in Shaanxi, Tuoketuo in Inner Mongolia, and ended at the southern bank of the Yellow River.
The Northern Wall started from Langshan Mountain in the west, via Ulanqab in Inner Mongolia, Shangyi, Zhangbei, and Weichang in Hebei, and entered Fushun and Benxi in Liaoning Province. Then, it turned southeast, and ended at the estuary of Qingchuan River.  
Han Dynasty (202BC-220AD)
127 - 110BC  6,214 miles
Great Wall of Han Dynasty spanned over north China, extending from Liaoning in the east to Lop Nur, Xinjiang in the west.
Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589)
Northern Wei (386-534)  423 621 miles
The Northern Wall ran westward from Chicheng County in Hebei to Wuyuan County in Inner Mongolia.
446 311 miles
The Sai Wei Wall, lower and thinner than the Northern Wall, was erected around the capital city of Pingcheng, today’s Datong of Shanxi. It started from Shanggu in today's Guangling County of Shanxi, and ran northward to Tianzhen County. Then, it turned westward, and ended at the eastern bank of the Yellow River.
Eastern Wei (534-550)  543  47 miles
It started from Maling Garrison to Tudeng near Ningwu County, Shanxi. 
Northern Qi (550-577) 552 - 557  932 miles
In order to prevent the attacks of northern Turks and the neighboring Western Wei, the Northern Qi renovated the previous walls built by Northern Wei and Eastern Wei, and added many sections. The whole wall extended from Shanxi in the west to Bohai Sea near Shanhaiguan Pass in the east.
Northern Zhou (557-581)  579 unknown
After restoring the Northern Qi Wall, the Northern Zhou Great Wall stretched from Shanhaiguan in the east to Yanmenguan in the west.  
Sui Dynasty (581-618)
581 - 608 unknown
The wall ran from Shanhaiguan in the east to Gansu Province in the west.
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
619 93 miles
It stretched from Pingcheng in modern Heshun County in Shanxi to Lukou in modern Qixian County in Shanxi. 
Song Dynasty (960-1279) 
To stop the incursions of Liao, Western Xia, and Jin Dynasties, the Song built a comprehensive defensive system, including forts, water walls, and stone walls.
Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)
before 1138 435 miles
The Northern Jiehao Wall started from the Genhe River, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia in the east, and ran westward to Argun River. Then, it went to Russia and Mongolia, and ended at the southern slope of Khentii Mountains.
1194 - 1201  4,039 miles
The Southern Jiehao Wall ran from Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner of Hulunbuir in the east, and ended at Daqing Mountains in Wuchuan County of Inner Mongolia.
1210 - 1211 171 miles
The Wushabao Wall ran from Fengning County of Hebei via Duolun County, Xulun Hoh Banner, Taibus Banner in Inner Mongolia, Kangbao County in Hebei, and Huade County in Inner Mongolia, and ended at Shangdu County in Inner Mongolia.  
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
unknown 5,500 miles
The Ming Great Wall ran from Hushan by the Yalu River in the east, and ended at Jiayuguan Pass in China's west Gansu Province. 
Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
1644 - 1878 unknown
It was built in most provinces to the north of Huaihe River, especially by the Yellow River.


 Further Reading: History of China