When was the Great Wall of China built?
The Great Wall of China was constructed from the 7th Century BC by the Chu State and lasted until 1878 in the Qing Dynasty. The most remaining we see today was built in the Ming Dynasty about 600 years ago.
How long did it take to build the Great Wall of China? - Over 2,500 years
|Badaling Great Wall|
It took more than 2,500 years to finish the construction of the Great Wall. The wall was not built in a single time period, but combined effort of many states and dynasties in history.
How long ago was the Great Wall of China made? - 2,700 years ago
As early as the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 476 BC), the state of Chu started to build the first wall to protect itself from invaders from other states about 2,700 years ago. The Qi, Yan, Wei, Zhao and Qin states later joined the effort.
After defeating other states and setting up China's first unified dynasty, Qin Dynasty (221 - 207 BC), Emperor Qin Shihuang ordered to connect the separate walls, when the continuous Great Wall of China was formed. It was about 2,200 years ago.
During subsequent dynasties, the wall was extended, repaired or modified. The Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) and Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644 AD) are two time periods when the Great Wall was massively built or restored. The best-known and most visited sections including Badaling, Mutianyu, Simatai and Jinshanling were built during the Ming Dynasty.
See more How old is Great Wall of China?
Which dynasty finished the construction of Great Wall of China?
With the end of the cold weapon (no fire or explosives) era, the Great Wall gradually became less important as a military defense system. As a result, the construction also stopped. The final construction was in 1878 during the late Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 AD).
Construction Timeline of Great Wall of China
When was the Qin Great Wall built? – 214 BC to 204BC
In 214 BC, after defeating other states and unifying the Central Plain, Emperor Qin Shihuang ordered General Mengtian to connect the existing walls and extend them further as a front line to defend against possible invasion from northern nomadic tribes. This took more than 10 years. Therefore, a continuous Great Wall was made for the first time about 2,200 years ago.
When was the Han Great Wall built? – 201 BC to 101 BC
The section built in the Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) is the longest. In 201 BC, the second year of Han's establishment, Liubang, the emperor at that time, ordered the Great Wall that King Zhao of the Qin State had previously built to be repaired. In addition, there were also four periods of repair and construction during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. The first time and second times were both in 121 BC to prepare for war with the northern Huns and to guarantee the safety of the Silk Road. The third time was during 111 – 110 BC, and the last time was 104 – 101 BC.
When was the Ming Great Wall built? – 1368 to 1620
The Ming Dynasty spent over 200 years repairing and building the walls, which could be primarily divided into 3 stages. In the 1368 – 1447, during the early Ming Dynasty, the emperors mainly repaired and connected the walls of former dynasties including the Northern Wei (386 – 534), Northern Qi (550 – 577) and Sui (581 – 618). From 1448 to 1566, during the middle Ming Dynasty, the construction of the Great Wall in the north became quite urgent, since the Tartar, a northern nomadic nation, invaded the border constantly. The last stage was during 1567 to 1620, in the late Ming Dynasty. It focused on rebuilding and re-routing the wall to defend against the Jurchen, a minority nation in northeast area at that time.