Red Hill (Hong Shan)

Zhenlong Pagoda on the Red Hill
Zhenlong Pagoda on the Red Hill

Red Hill is a symbol of Urumqi, owing to its uniqueness. The body of the mountain, made up of aubergine rock, has a reddish brown color, hence the name. It is 1.5km (0.93miles) long and 1km (0.62miles) wide from east to west.

Less than 1km away, Yamalike Hill stands facing Red Hill. Legend has it that in ancient times a red dragon fled from Heavenly Lake and the Heavenly Empress caught him and sliced him in two with her sword. Later on, the western part of the dragon turned into Yamalike Hill and the eastern turned into Red Hill. The sword turned into the Urumqi River. Oddly enough, topographic pictures tell us the two hills were once one and were separated into two parts due to stratum rupture.

Eventually, ancient legend affected real life. In 1785 and 1786, floods hit Urumqi causing much destruction. Rumors arose that Red Hill and Yamalike Hill were growing closer and closer together. Once they met, the Urumqi River between them would be blocked and the city would become flooded as the water rose. Therefore, in 1788 Shang An, the highest military officer, ordered the Zhen Long (in Chinese, to subdue the dragon) Pagodas built on both hills. These two pagodas were made of gray brick, 10.5- meter (34.4-foot)-high with six sides, nine stories, and an octagonal roof.
Two Chinese People playing a bamboo flute in the park
People playing bamboo flute in Red Hill Park
Red Hill Park, Urumqi
Red Hill Park, Urumqi
Today, a beautiful park has been developed surrounding the Red Hill. Modern entertainment facilities and ethnic performances bring a fresh and lively atmosphere to the park. On the peak of the hill, you will have the whole city of Urumqi before your eyes!

How to get to Red Hill

Take bus 7, 14, 17, 52, 68, 157, 301, 311, 537, 907, 910, 917, BRT 1, BRT 2, BRT 4,  or BRT71 to Hongshan (Red Hill).

Entrance Fee Free for the Red Hill;
CNY 5 for entering the Yuantiao Tower inside.
Opening Hours 10:00 - 21:00

 Red Hill Pictures

 You may like: Top 10 Things to Do in Urumqi

- Last updated on Nov. 19, 2021 -
Questions & Answers on Red Hill (Hong Shan)
Asked by Jing from MALAYSIA | Jun. 16, 2017 19:40Reply
Hi, are tourist allowed to enter and climb the pagoda on Red Hill?
Answers (1)
Answered by Bill from AUSTRALIA | Jun. 23, 2017 01:52

As I know, the tourists are allowed to climb that pagoda, but the tourists may need to pay the fee for it.
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