Silk Road
Home /

Silk Road

Silk Road Map
The Silk Road is a historically important international trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Because China silk comprised a large proportion of the trade along this ancient road, in 1877, it was named the 'Silk Road' by Ferdinand von Richthofen, an eminent German geographer. 

It is now included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. 33 historical sites are along the road in total and 22 of them distribute in Shaanxi, Henan, Gansu and Xinjiang of China.
 A brief introduction about this route includes its basic information, chronology, renowned attractions along the road, and other interesting knowledge.
 The road is not only an ancient international trade route, but also a splendid cultural bridge liking the cultures of China, Central Asia,  India, Persia, Arabia, Turkey, Greece, and Italy. The Four Great Inventions of China and religions of the West were introduced into their counterparts. 
 From the time Zhang Qian pioneered the world-famous Silk Road during the Han Dynasty, until the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, it enjoyed a history of about 1,600 years.
 This ancient road begins at Chang'an (now Xi'an), then by way of the Hexi Corridor, and it reaches Dunhuang, where it divides into three, the Southern Route, Central Route and Northern Route. The three routes spread all over the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and then they extend as far as Pakistan, India and even Rome. 

Other Routes

In fact, besides the Silk Road in the northwest of China, there are another two trade roads in the southwest of China and by sea, which also contributed greatly to the development of the world. They are called the "Southern Silk Road" and the "Silk Road on the Sea".
 The scenery and sights along the Silk Road are spectacular and intriguing. There are well-known Mogao Caves (Mogao Grottoes) in Dunhuang, the bustling Sunday Bazaar in Kashgar and exotic customs in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and more …
 There are all kinds of tour plans for traveling the world-famous road. TravelChinaGuide provides many tour lines for visitors to experience the adventures of this ancient trade road.
Xi'an Terracotta Warriors
Xi'an Terracotta Warriors
Crescent Lake, Dunhuang, Gansu
Crescent Lake, Dunhuang, Gansu
 It is necessary for tourists be aware of some travel essentials when they are on the road, such as weather, food, drink, accommodation, transportation and customs of minorities. Here provides detailed information about them. 
 The pictures show the stunning scenery of this time-honored trade route. They display not only the beauty of places of historical places, but also the natural wonders.
Camel Train
Camel Team in Desert, Dunhuang
Broad Prairie
Broad Nalati Prairie, Yili, Xinjiang
- Last modified on Dec. 23, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Silk Road
Asked by Malcolm Edwards from UNITED KINGDOM | Dec. 19, 2018 23:38Reply
airports nearest to Zhangye or Dunhuang
Please advise which airport should we fly into or out off, from these two locations.
We will be flying from London.
Thank you.
Answers (1)
Answered by Helen from AUSTRALIA | Dec. 23, 2018 18:03

Hi, if you depart from London, there is no direct flights to Dunhuang or Zhangye. You can take a flight to Beijing first. Also, there is no direct flights from Beijing to these two cities and you need to transfer at least one city.
Asked by Bill from USA | Oct. 01, 2018 20:33Reply
How did the Silk Road impact world history?
Answers (1)
Answered by James from CANADA | Oct. 07, 2018 20:52

The main impact was that the road connected China and Central Asia, Europe and enhanced the business relationship and cultural communication among these areas.The products like Chinese silk, damask, satin, silk and other silk products continued to be transported to Central Asia and Europe. Also, the art and religion in the west were introduced to China.
Asked by Noah from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 05, 2018 01:11Reply
The place at the end of silk road
Is there a specific area(s) or location(s) of where the road ends? I can find where it begins but not much information where it ends. Need this for a research task so any help will be awesome :D
Answers (2)
Answered by Eira from SINGAPORE | Mar. 05, 2018 21:46

1. The end of Southern Route was Europe through Islamabad, Kabul, Mashhad, Baghdad and Damascus.
2. The Central Route passed Loulan (now Ruoqiang), Turpan , Korla, Kuche (Kuqa), Aksu and Kashgar, afterwards went over the freezing Pamirs, wound to Mashhad via the Fergana Basin, Samarkand, Bukhara and finally joined the Southern Route.
3. The Northern Route reached the areas near the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Hope helpful!
Answered by Zackaran from INDIA | Jun. 14, 2018 06:42

Thnx for this answer :D
Asked by Chanzy from AUSTRALIA | Oct. 10, 2017 03:35Reply
How did the Silk Road change the Ancient Chinese society?
Answers (1)
Answered by Penelope from UNITED KINGDOM | Oct. 11, 2017 01:54

Hello, Chanzy, the Silk Road has had a unique role in foreign trade and political relations, stretching far beyond the bounds of Asia itself. It has left its mark on the development of civilisations on both sides of the continent.
With the latest developments,and the changes in political and economic systems,the edges of the Taklimakan may yet see international trade once again.
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)