Festival in Longsheng
Hongyi (wearing the scarlet) Festival
It is a traditional one of the Hong Yao ethnic group, a branch of local Yao ethnic group in Longsheng. The women like wearing the red clothes that they have woven themselves. Every March 15th or April 8th of the lunar year, it is held either in Sishui Township or at the foot of the mountains where the Dragon's Backbone Rice Terraces are located. They sing, dance and perform some interesting physical feats like balancing bamboo poles and having a tug-of-war. On those days, the women like to do their hair up and coil into a special hair style. They are beautiful, cultured, and delightfully perform folk songs, and dance to the tambourine. All these activities make Hongyi Festival flourish.
Jigu Festival (also called Guzang Festival)
It is based around the most important day of celebration in local Miao ethnic group. It is held sometime between the end of September and the beginning of November depending on the lunar calendar every 11 or 13 years because of the huge expenditure required. Two years before the festival, the same close-knit villages will vote for a drum master (nicknamed 'Guzang head') who will take charge of the preparation of the animals for sacrifice such as the cattle. Then a newly chiseled drum made of Nanmu wood will be put into an appointed grotto while the old one will be taken out to be abandoned. Dances to the sound of the tymbal (a musical instrument) are enjoyed by the older folks; dances to the music of the lusheng (this dance is called 'Cai Lusheng' in Chinese) are favored by the young people. The boys can ask for a string of flowers from a favored girl in the last two days of Cai Lusheng to show their love. When it is held, the local people never miss it.
Niuhun (the soul of the cattle) Festival
The Zhuang ethnic group in Longsheng has the tradition of respecting the cattle and thus they consider the April 8th of the lunar calendar as the birthday of the Bull King. People will set free the cattle and offer sacrifices like the glutinous rice meal to them. On the morning of that day people should clean the bullpen and rinse the body of the cattle, remembering not to beat the cattle in case their souls will be stampeded in which case it is considered a bad omen for farming. At noon every family will offer the formal sacrifice to the cattle—the householder walks around a table; all the family members sitting at the table will sing songs and feed the cattle with the glutinous rice meal. Finally they touch the back of the cattle for a blessing.
Longji Rice Terraces Culture Tourism Festival
|Dragon's Backbone Rice Terraces|
The first Longji (Dragon's Backbone) Rice Terraces Culture Tourism Festival was held between September 22nd and October 6th, 2007. This is a developing festival, which is held in Ping'an Village of Heping Township. The theme is 'Night Longji Terracesunder the Golden Autumn's Moonlight,' and will be held annually. Many activities are held, and as night falls, lights are lit on Longji (Dragon's Backbone) terraces, which form the shape of a Chinese dragon (best viewed from higher ground).
During this period of time, evenings are filled with performances by local ethnic groups who sing and dance. It coincides with Chinese Mid-Autumn's Day, a festival celebrated on a grand scale throughout China. Visitors are able to spend a Chinese traditional festival by enjoying the moonlit beauty of Longsheng, eating moon-cakes while either viewing the moon or joining in the Need-Fire Party.
On the eve, the Zhuang people prepare enough rice for the next day. On the early morning of the next day, the people get up, wear new dress and burn firecrackers to welcome the coming of the new year.