Located 45 kilometers (about 28 miles) southeast of Tianshui City in Gansu Province, Maiji Mountain rises up abruptly 142 meters (about 155 yards) from the landscape. The people named the mountain 'Maiji' because it resembles a stack of wheat straw (mai meaning wheat, and ji meaning stack). On the sheer cliff that marks the southwest side of Maiji Mountain, people have labored for centuries carving niches and caves, giving rise to what is known today as the Maijishan Grottoes. Also known as Maijishan Caves or Maiji Caves, it was included on the World Heritage List on June 22, 2014.
Inside the caves are clay statues, whose heights vary from 20 centimeters (about 8 inches) to 15 meters (over 49 feet). Besides 194 Buddhist caves and niches, containing more than 7,200 clay statues, there are also murals of over 1,300 square meters (about 1,555 square yards) in the Maijishan Grottoes as well. These statues are works of art that reflect ancient craftsmanship and dedication to the Buddhist ideal. Rarely can one find caves and statues carved over sheer cliffs in China, and this is one of the most distinguishing features of Maijishan Grottoes. Being carved on the cliff, these caves are connected by plank roads that hang precariously along the face of the cliff. Visitors can only reach each cave by using these plank roads, which offers a breathtaking experience.
Another curious feature of the statues is their trend toward secularization, that is, a move toward depicting the icons as man rather than god. Except for statues built in the early period, almost all Buddhist statues look affable and accessible. They were no longer gods standing high in the heaven, but rather became more like common people.
Because of its exquisite clay statues and superb sculptural skills, Maijishan Grottoes acquired special recognition. They have been classified as an 'Oriental Statues Exhibition Hall'. Maijishan Grottoes are one of the four most important caves in China. The other threes are Mogao Caves in Dunhuang, Gansu Province, Yungang Caves in Datong, Shanxi Province, and Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, Henan Province. Their emphasis is on exquisite statues and beautiful natural scenes, while the others' are on florid murals or magnificent stonecutting.
There are other places of interest near Maiji Mountain as well, Xianren Cliff, Shimen Mountain, Quxi and Maiji Arboretum, all offer fine panoramic views of mountains, rivers and plants in Northwest China.
How to get to Maijishan Grottoes from Lanzhou
2. Take a normal train from Lanzhou Railway Station to Tianshui Railway Station and it takes 4-5h. Then, take bus 34 to Maijishan Tingchechang.
|Entrance Fee||May. - Oct.: CNY 90; Nov. - Apr.: CNY 70 |
Free for children under 1.2m (3.9 feet).
|Opening Hours||May - Oct.: 8:30 - 17:30 |
Nov. - Apr.: 9:00 - 17:00
Also I would like to know if it's possible to make the route Xian-Maiji Shan-LZ on the same day with high speed trains, because it seems that Tianshui hasn't a lot of attractions... What do you think?
As for the day trip of Xian – Maiji Shan – LZ, I don’t think it’s doable. The bullet train from Xian North to Tianshui South takes about 1h 40 minutes. The bullet train from Tianhsui to LZ takes about 1h 30 minutes.
But you can make a trip only of Xian and Maiji Shan.
In Xian, you can visit some downtown attractions, like Bell & Drum Tower, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Provincial History Museum and City Wall.
If I need to take a taxi, how much should I expect to pay for a round trip?
Also, is there luggage storage at Tianshui South Railway Station?
Many thanks for any help you can offer :)
Offcial left-luggage room is near the exit of the railway station. You can easily spot it.
Apart from that, there are also some buses leading to the caves passing Tianshui Bus Station and Main Railway Station and the schedules are 06:24 - 22:50. Hope help!
Thank you in advance.
To Bingling Si, you can directly take a taxi or rent a private car to reach directly. This is the best way, or you have to go back to the town for a transfer.
To Labrang Monastery, I'm afraid there is no direct transportation, so you have to transfer in Lanzhou. Take a train to Lanzhou and at the South Bus Station, there are direct buses to Xiahe. Then take a taxi to the monastery.