Nuanquan Ancient Town

Located in the west of Yuxian County, Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, the Nuanquan Ancient Town is a famous historical and cultural town in China and a national AAA scenic area.

“Nuanquan” means “warm spring” in English. The town got its name from the two warm springs in the town: one at the center of the town and the other before the Huayan Temple. The water is about 57 F (14 C) all year round, which does not freeze even in winter. The local people use the water from the spring to cook, wash clothes, and irrigate land.

The ancient town was constructed in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), and prospered in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) when there were three fortresses, six alleys, and eighteen villages. Many ancient buildings have survived until today, including the West Ancient Fortress, the Nuanquan Academy, the Lao-Tzu Taoist Temple, and the Huayan Temple. Additionally, the paper-cut  and the traditional performance of the “Sparkling Molten Metal” at weekends and during Chinese New Year are of great interest to tourists both from home and abroad.


Ancient Buildings

West Ancient Fortress

There are three fortresses in total in Nuanquan Ancient Town, including the West Ancient Fortress in the southwest, the Small Middle Fort in the south, and the North Official Fortress in the northeast. Those would work together to fight against enemies during wartime. Of these, the West Ancient Fortress is the most unique and best-preserved. Local people dwell in the fortress and retain the traditional lifestyle. With inestimable historical and cultural value, the fortress was constructed during the Jiajing Period (1522-1566) of the Ming Dynasty, and listed as a key historical and cultural site under the state protection scheme in June, 2006.

The square-shaped fortress consists of 180 ancient folk houses, including six large connected courtyards and fifty regular quadrangles. These houses are made from bricks and wood. Their roofs are embellished with blue tiles. The exquisite brick carvings, wood carvings, and paintings are still very vivid and attractive, showing the past prosperity of the fortress.

Nuanquan Academy (Wangmin Academy)

A symbol of ancient culture in the town, the Nuanquan Academy was established by the Minister of Works Wang Min in the Yuan Dynasty. Thus, it is also called Wang Min Academy. It was regarded as one of the three greatest academies in Yuanxian County of the ancient times. The other two, the Yuzhou Academy and the Jade Spring Academy, are long gone. Only the oldest Nuanquan Academy remains.

The five pavilions in the middle of the academy are where students studied. To the east of these pavilions stands the Tower of the God of Literature in which the statue of the Literature God was consecrated to bless the cultural prosperity of the town long ago. The eastern and western houses are the bedroom and the study room of Wang Min. There is an octagonal well in the yard. The water in the well runs beneath the pavilions and joins the spring through a culvert. This is called “Water from an Octagonal Well Flowing Beneath Pavilions”, and has been listed as one of the top eight scenes in the Yuxian County for a long time.

Lao-Tzu Taoist Temple

The Lao-Tzu Taoist Temple in the Nuanquan Ancient Town was constructed during the Taihe Period (1196-1200) of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), and renovated during the Yuanzhen Period (1294-1297) of the Yuan Dynasty and again during the Longqing Period (1567-1572) of the Ming Dynasty. In 2013, the temple was listed as a key historical and cultural relic under state protection.

In front of the temple is a large square which can hold 1,000 people to watch operas or hold a fair. In the south of the square is an exquisite old stage. In the north is the gate of the temple, on either side of which stands a stone lion of the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Passing through the gate, tourists will see the main hall, the Sanqing Hall. In the hall are enshrined the statues of the three founders of Taoism. The murals on the east and west walls are especially precious. They detail the origin and development of Taoism. They embody the ideas of dialectics, philosophy, health preserving methods, and moral values. Hence, the murals are a rare Taoist treasure.

Huayan Temple

Being a historical and cultural relic under state protection, the Huayan Temple was constructed during the Hongwu Period (1368-1398) of the Ming Dynasty and was subsequently called the Chongjiao Temple during the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. The temple is comprised of a gate, the Hall of the Heavenly King, the Middle Hall, the Mahavira Hall, various subordinate halls, the meditation room, and the steles. The magnificent buildings, the beautiful murals, and the exquisite statues of the Buddha are of inestimable historical and cultural value. The Huayan Temple is situated by what was a commercial road. Businessmen used to stay and trade here. Furthermore, they came to pray for good fortune and safety. As a result, the Huayan Temple has been very popular ever since.


Folk Arts


The paper-cut of Yuxian County originates from the Ming Dynasty. It was listed as a national intangible cultural heritage in May, 2006, and as a world intangible cultural heritage in October, 2009. The artists do not use scissors, but work with knives; and the cut-outs are then dyed. The paper cut works depict historical stories, folklores, figures, local customs, seasons, and wedding and birthday ceremonies. The rich content, the unique designs, the perfect craftsmanship, and the different colors make the art of paper cutting interesting and attractive.

Sparkling Molten Metal (Dashuhua)

With a history of more than 500 years, the traditional performance “Sparkling Molten Metal” is peculiar to the Nuanquan Ancient Town, and it has been listed as a provincial intangible cultural heritage of Hebei Province. Hot molten metal is splashed onto the city wall by folk artisans, sparkling and glistening. That is very spectacular! At the beginning, only molten iron which gives out red light is used in the performance. Later, molten bronze and aluminum are added to give out green and white lights respectively. In this way, the sparkling molten metal looks far more colorful and splendid than fireworks. Nowadays, the Sparkling Molten Metal is performed at weekends and during Chinese New Year on the Shuhua Square in the east of the Nuanquan Ancient Town.


How to get to Nuanquan Ancient Town in Zhangjiakou

 From Beijing:
Take a long-distance bus to Yuxian County at Beijing Northern Suburban Long-distance Bus Station, the Zhaogongkou Long-distance Bus Station, or the Liuliqiao Long-distance Bus Station. Afterwards, take a taxi to the site for a fare of about CNY 50. The schedule of the long-distance bus is listed below.

From To Leave at Duration Ticket Price (CNY)
Northern Suburban Yuxian 6:00, 7:00, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:30, 13:00, 14:00, 15:40, 17:50 4h 90
Liuliqiao 6:20, 7:00, 8:00, 9:00, 17:10 5h  90
Zhaogongkou 13:00 4h  81

 From Zhangjiakou:
Take a long-distance bus to Yuxian County at the Zhangjiakou Passenger Station. Afterwards, transfer to a taxi for a fare of about CNY 50. The long-distance bus is available from 5:45 to 17:00 for about CNY 43. The frequency is about 20 minutes, and the duration is about 3 hours.

Ticket Price Admission Fee: Free, but visitors need to pay CNY 100 for scenic areas inside the town.
Sparkling Molten Metal Performance from 19:00 to 20:00: CNY 180
Opening Hours 9:00-22:00


Recommended Nearby Attractions

1. Small Wutai Mountain Nature Reserve
2. Huliuhe Reservoir
3. Temple of the Bodhisattva

- Last updated on Oct. 12, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Nuanquan Ancient Town
Asked by Manon Bock from FRANCE | Feb. 16, 2024 04:35Reply
Dashuhua performance
Do you know if the dashuhua performance is happening next week too for the spring festival or was it just the first week?
Answers (1)
Answered by John | Feb. 18, 2024 00:53

Yes, it will happen from January 13 to 15 in Chinese lunar calendar. In Gregorian calendar, it is from Feb.22-24. Have fun~
Asked by Peter from NETHERLANDS | Apr. 16, 2018 04:43Reply
Does any one know of buses from Shijiazhuang to/from Yuxian? or else from Baoding? Many thanks
Answers (1)
Answered by Gloria from USA | Apr. 16, 2018 19:37

There is no bus from Shijiazhuang but a bus from Baoding Central Bus Station to Yuxian at 9:20.
Asked by carolien from HOLAND | May. 28, 2017 05:12Reply
if it is possible to go by public transport from Beijing to Nuanquan and than to Datong?
Not all in one day of course, but is it reasonably possible?
Or does anyone know of an other way to do this trip?
I do not want to drive myself I think.
Answers (4)
Answered by Lucy from USA | Jun. 04, 2017 20:16

You can catch a shuttle bus at Liuliqiao Bus Station heading for Yu County first. This bus operates from 07:00 to 18:00 with the interval of 30-60 minutes. The ticket fare is CNY65/person. Upon arrival, you may transfer another shuttle bus or take a taxi to the scenic spot directly.
May I know which Datong you will leave for, in which province? Then I will check the specific route for you.
Answered by Carolien from HOLLAND | Jun. 05, 2017 05:04

Datong in Shanxi.
And thank you for your reply.
It seems a complicated and time consuming thing. Maybe hire a car and driver is better ?
Answered by Lucy | Jun. 06, 2017 02:48

From the ancient town to Datong, you may catch a shuttle bus to ZJK first. Then you may take the train at ZJK South Railway Station to Datong directly. As I know, if you’d like to hire a car, it may charge CNY300-400 from Beijing to the ancient town.
Answered by Carolien from HOLLAND | Jun. 06, 2017 04:04

Thank you very much, I think it will be a car then, maybe combine it with something else.
Funny have travelled in china a lot on my own.
However going to datong from beijing seems to be so much trouble. I thought maybe do something nice on the way to make the long train trip moreally fun, however I think I am over complicating things.
Any way thank you so much
Asked by Lorenz from ITALY | Jan. 12, 2017 06:46Reply
I will be visiting Nuanquan in a day-trip from Zhangjiakou during this Spring Festival.
I am wondering if it is possible to book a specific ticket for the Dashuhua Show in advance. either booking through Chinese websites and/or app works fine to me?

Ps: is it true that its needed to pay an entrance ticket to visit the old town? if so, how much is it?
Answers (1)
Answered by Allen from BELGIUM | Jan. 13, 2017 02:44

Lorenz, it is not allowed to put the link here. You can call at 0313-7029999/7028222 to make the reservation in advance.
You need to pay CNY120 to enter the ancient town.
Asked by izzy from CHINA | Dec. 28, 2016 19:45Reply
Lodging in nuanquan
I am traveling with my husband and daughter to NQ during Spring festival to see the dashuhua. we would like to stay nearby so that we can explore the towns for 2-3 days. Do you have suggestions for where we should stay? We are flexible and can stay in hotels, hostels or homestays. Are there hotels available in NQ or will we have to stay in Yuxian and travel to the town during the day?

Also, what days do they perform the dashuhua? I have read conflicting articles. Some say everyday, some say Friday nights or weekends? We don't want to go at the wrong time and miss it!
Answers (1)
Answered by Anthony from POLAND | Dec. 29, 2016 01:32

It is very easy to find hostels in the town, such as Sanhetai Hostel and Xinshengyuan Hotel, both near the theater of Dashuhua. The performance is played everyday.
For your reference, during this Spring Festival, Dashuhua was played 3 times inside the theater at 15:00, 16:30, and 19:00. There were also 2 outdoor performances at 18:00 and 19:40.
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)