Fushun Travel Guide
Chinese Name: 抚顺 (fǔ shùn)
Area: 11,271 square kilometers (4,352 square miles)
Location: in the east of Liaoning Province, northeast China
Administrative Division: 4 districts (Shuncheng, Xinfu, Dongzhou, Wanghua); 1 county (Fushun); 2 autonomous counties (Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County)
Area Code: 024
Zip Code: 113000
GDP (2019): CNY 84.71 billion (USD 12.28 billion)
Nationalities: Han, Manchu, Korean, Hui, Mongolian
The Birthplace of the Qing Dynasty
Fushun lies in the east part of Liaoning Province, neighboring Jinglin Province to its east. It occupies an advantageous location, 200 kilometers (124 miles) from the Port of Yingkou and 400 kilometers (248 miles) from the Port of Dalian with expressway and railway linking between them. It is only 45 kilometers (28 miles) away from the capital city of Liaoning, Shenyang.
Fushun is the birthplace of the Qing Dynasty (1636 - 1912). In 1616, Nurhachi established the Later Jin Dynasty in Fushun, laying the foundation for the 268-year feudal rule of the Qing Dynasty. Coincidentally, it is in Fushun that Puyi, the last emperor in Chinese feudal history, was transformed from a war criminal of Puppet Manchurian into an ordinary person. So here you will find a large number of historical relics such as Hetuala City and Yongling Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty. The annual Ice and Snow Festival also attracts many tourists. Especially during the winter fishing in Xinbin, visitors can experience strong Manchu customs by watching Manchu folk song and dance shows, lake sacrifice ceremony. Tens of thousands of kilograms of fish is caught at one time and the first one is usually auctioned according to the tradition.
Fushun Attractions - Things to Do
Hetuala is Manchu language for Henggang, meaning flatheaded hummock. It can be divided into inner city and outer city respectively constructed in 1603 and 1605. It is the native residence of the first emperor of the Qing Dynasty, and the city is reputed as the 'first city of Qing', an eyewitness of the history of Manchu.
Yongling Mausoleum of the Qing Dynasty
Located in Xinbin Man Autonomous County, the mausoleum buries six fathers of the Qing. It is the location where the grand ancestor worship ceremonies of the Qing were held. As the heritage left by ancestors of the Manchu, Yongling Mausoleum is of great research value.
|Admission Fees:||Yongling Mausoleum: CNY 50 |
Hetuala City: CNY 60
|Transportation:||1. Yongling Mausoleum: Buses from Fushun Long Distance Bus Station to Xinbin all pass by the mausoleum. |
2. Hetuala City: take buses from Fushun to Xinbin and then take minibus to the city.
Other Scenic Spots: Sa'erhu Scenic Area, Zhonghua Temple, Royal Ocean World
How to Get to Fushun
Fushun has two bus stations, the north bus station lies in the Chengxi Road, Shuncheng District, and the south bus station is in the Dongyi Road, Xinfu District. Through the expressway, only a half hour's drive is needed to get to Shenyang. The south station offers buses to the emergence place of the Qing Dynasty, Xinbin. The whole journey will coast about three and a half hours.
The city is 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the Shenyang Taoxian International Airport. No direct airport buses operate from the airport to Fushun. Usually, visitors should take the airport bus and get off in the last stop, Ma Lu Wan, and then walk for twenty minutes or take a taxi to the Shenyang Railway Station. Every a few seconds, there are regular buses leaving for Fushun from a street aside.
The city belongs to the temperate zone, enjoying a continental monsoon climate. Summer is warm and rainy, but winter is really cold. Relatively, spring and autumn are windy and short. The annual average temperature of Fushun weather is about 14C (57F). May to October is a fine period to visit this area, especially in summer and autumn.
Fushun Travel Tips
History: Human settlers first came to this area more than seven thousand years ago. By the Han Dynasty (221BC-220AD), coal had been used in daily life or for manufacturing. At the same time, this area had been rather advanced in agriculture, handicraft industry and commerce. During the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Fushun involved in depression for near one and a half centuries. It was in 1783 that the new city was completed southwest of the old one. Gradually, economic rejuvenation made it a distributing center of goods in eastern Liaoning.
Local Highlights: China Manchu Folk Custom Tourist Festival (generally in July of August)