Full Name: Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese Name: 海西蒙古族藏族自治州 (hǎi xī méng gǔ zú zàng zú zì zhì zhōu)
Location: Haixi Mongol and the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture are located in the western portion of Qinghai Province, in the northern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The prefecture neighbors Gansu in the north and Xinjiang in the west. Government offices are located in Delingha City, 514 kilometers (319 miles) from the capital city of Qinghai, Xining.
Area: 325,800 square kilometers (125,792 square miles)
Nationalities: Tibetan, Mongol, Han
Administrative Division: 3 Districts (Lenghu, Dachaidan, Mangya); 3 Counties (Wulan, Dulan, Tianjun); 2 County-Level Cities (Delingha, Golmud)
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0977-8222015
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Haixi Attractions - Things to Do
This lake is in the western part of Qinghai Province. It is regarded as the eastern gateway to Qaidam Basin, which reserves the largest salt mine in the world.
Dulan International Game Land
Covering an area of over 44,000 hectares (170 square miles), these game lands feature two structured hunts. The game land is opened to the public every year between April and May and September thru October.
Headwaters of Yangtze River
The Yangtze River's water source lies close by Geladandong Peak and Tuotuo River.
Also known as Kekexili Natural Reserve adjacnt to Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Tibet Autonomous Region, Hoh Xil Nature Reserve is about 200 kilometers (125 miles) to the west of Golmud City in Haixi. As one of the largest and highest nature reserves in China, Hoh Xil Nature Reserve remains its original state, having the most beautiful natural scenery and numerous wild animals.
|Plain in Haixi || |
|On the way from Chaka to Golmud |
This is the largest saltwater lake in China. The 32 kilometers (20 miles) long 'Wan Zhang Salt Bridge' is the most famous attraction of the lake.
The Qaidam Basin is one of the most renowned land formations in the Ya-dang area. Numerous saltwater lakes make the area an even more attractive destination. Visitors should not miss the scenery at the Lenghu Administrative Committee area.
Yardangs, wind-eroded sandbanks, are located in northwest Qaidam Basin, known as ‘Treasure Bowl’. With an average altitude of 3,260 meters (10,696 feet), Yardangs cover an area of about 21,000 square kilometers (5,189,213 acres). The area boasts the largest Yardang landform clusters in China. 'Yardang' means wind-eroded sandbanks in the Uygur language. The west wind in Qaidam Basin can be called the greatest sculptor, creating its masterpiece in the vast inhospitable Gobi. 7,500 years ago, the crust consisting primarily of sand and salt eroded into sandbanks by the west wind. Long periods of wind erosion carve the Yardangs into beautiful statues with different postures. Seen from a distance, the Yardangs take on an endless variety of fantastic shapes. They may be very similar to a towering castle, a crouching camel, a lofty mountain, tents in a battlefield and a fleet. Some even look as if whales are playing in a vast sea while thousands of sea lions worship the sun. The wind-eroded landform is a marvelous natural wonder in Qinghai Province.
|Entrance Fee ||Free |
|Best Travel Time ||May to August |
|Transportation for Reference ||Rent an SUV or jeep, drive southeastwards from Golmud for about 50km (31mi), you’ll amongst the Yadangs. Move forward for around 24km (15mi) to Windy Hills (Da Feng Shan), which gathers the most fascinating Yardangs. For a single journey, it takes around 1-1.5 hours. |
How to Get to Haixi
1. Golmud Airport is 10 kilometers (6 miles) west of the downtown district of Golmud City. Flights connect with Xining, Xi'an, Jinan, and Qingdao. Trains provide the most convenient mode of transportation from Golmud to Xining (a trip that takes more than 10 hours – or 20 hours if driving).
2. Taxis provide the primary source of transportation within Golmud. Generally, traveling within the city limits will cost CNY 10.
|Gobi in Haixi || |
|Caka Salt Lake |
Haixi has a climate that is typical of continental plateau regions. Because of this, Haixi weather is dry throughout the year and has indistinct seasons. Winter is chilly and long, and summer cool but short. Most of the area's precipitation falls between May and September. The suggested sightseeing time is from May to September.
Haixi Travel Tips
|Golmud City |
History: Haixi Prefecture was once inhabited by the Qiang, a minority group from northwestern China. It was ruled by the Tubo Kingdom throughout the Tang Dynasty (618-907), with the Yuan Gvernment (1271-1368) taking partial control of the area during the Song Dynasty (960-1279).
Physical Features: The Qaidam Basin, which lies in the midst of the Kunlun Mountains, Aeoin Mountains and Qilian Mountains, is one of the main landforms within this prefecture. The land rises into a plateau at the north foot of the Tanggula Mountains, and much of the rest of the land is distributed between the Alps, rolling hills, the Gobi Desert, plains, and lakes.
Local Highlights: The Nadam Fair is held each year in prairie of Qingshuihe in Golmud City.
Special Local Products: Thangka Paintings, Folk Embroidery, Fritillary Bulbs, Licorice Root