Purple Mountain (Zhongshan Mountain National Park)
|Tourist Map of Purple Mountain |
(Click to enlarge)
Towering in the eastern suburb of Nanjing, Purple Mountain (Zhongshan Mountain National Park) has been known as one of the four most famous mountains in Southern China. It got its name because purple clouds can often be seen at the top of the mountain. The mountain is not only very beautiful, but also rich in historical and cultural relics.
The mountain covers a total area of 12 square miles (31 square kilometers), with more than two hundred scenic spots, including fifteen key historical and cultural relics under state protection and one world cultural heritage site, the Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty. The Purple Mountain consists of four core scenic areas, including the Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Scenic Area on the southern slope, the Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty Scenic Area to the west of the Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum and the Linggu Temple Scenic Area to the east, and the Toutuo Ridge Scenic Area on the mountain top.
The Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty is the largest imperial mausoleum in Nanjing. It was constructed in 1381. Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1911), and his empress were buried in it in 1398. The magnificent mausoleum represents the highest level of architecture and stone carving art in the early Ming Dynasty. Renowned as "The First Imperial Mausoleum in the Ming and Qing Dynasties", the Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty has a dramatic influence on the pattern of imperial mausoleums in the following five hundred years. In July, 2003, the Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty was listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Plum Blossom Hill
On the archway is engraved "Universal Love" which is handwritten by Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Behind the archway is a path which is more than 1575 feet (480 meters) and leads to the single-eave granite Mausoleum Gate. The gate is embellished with blue glazed tiles, with a length of 86 feet (27 meters), a width of 29 feet (8.8 meters) and a height of 54 feet (16.5 meters). It consists of three arched doors. On the door in the middle is carved the inscription "The Whole World as a Community" which is also written by Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Passing through a square Stele Pavilion, one will arrive at the Sacrificial Hall. The hall is made of white granite, concrete and steel, and decorated with blue glazed tiles. In the center of the hall stands a white marble sculpture of sitting Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Getting through the gate to the tomb, one will reach the coffin chamber. A white marble sculpture of lying Dr. Sun Yat-sen is located in the center. That is very solemn and respectful.
Apart from the mausoleum, there are also plenty of memorial buildings, including the Open-Air Music Hall, the Xingjian Pavilion, the Guanghua Pavilion, the Liuhui Waterside Pavilion, and the Sutra Depository. All the buildings are harmonious in color and structure. The Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is not only splendid, but also exquisite. Thus, it is renowned as the "First Mausoleum in the Architectural History of Modern China".
Open-Air Music Hall
The semicircular hall is made of concrete and steel. At the center of the hall is the stage. Behind the stage stands an echo wall. In front of the stage is a banana-shaped lotus pond. A semicircular lawn in front of pond can hold three thousand people. Tourists can also take a rest in the corridor surrounding the lawn. Moreover, they can buy some foodstuff for the lovely white pigeons in the hall.
The roof is decorated with green glazed tiles and carved with more than 1,000 phoenixes. The yellow walls, red pillars, and beautiful paintings under the eave look very spectacular. In front of the building is a Buick car which was presented to Soong May-ling by the American government.
The villa comprises four floors: three floors above the ground and one underground. A kitchen, a laundry room and a boiler room are located on B1. Offices are on F1, while a large meeting room is on F2. The host and hostess live on the F3, which is also the heart of the villa. The minor bedroom is decorated in accordance with Chiang Kai Shek's lifestyle as a military man. It looks neat and clean. A wedding photo hangs on the wall. In contrast, the major bedroom is decorated with a set of redwood furniture. There are two big French windows on the eastern and southern sides. Furthermore, there is a shop on the third floor that sells books and postcards about Soong May-ling.
Built in the Southern Dynasties (420- 589), the Linggu Temple was first named "Kaishan Temple" in memory of the eminent monk Baozhi. Emperor Taizu in the Ming Dynasty presented the name "Linggu Temple" to it and bestowed the title "No. 1 Buddhist Temple under Heaven" upon it. In 1983, the temple was listed as a national key Buddhist temple in the Han nationality region.
Toutuo Ridge Scenic Area
|Scenic Sites||By Subway |
|By Bus |
|Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty||Line 2 (Muxuyuan Station), or Line 4 (Gangzicun Station)||Line 20, 203, or 315 |
(Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty Station)
|Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum||Line 2 |
|Line 34, or 201 |
(Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Parking Lot Station)
|Linggu Temple||Line 2 |
|Line 202 |
|Toutuo Ridge Scenic Area||Line 2 |
|Line 20, 203, or 315 |
(Purple Mountain Cableway Station)
How to Tour around the Scenic Area?
There are 6 sightseeing lines and 2 special lines in the scenic area. They can take tourists from one scenic spot to another. The sightseeing line costs CNY 10 for a single trip, while the special line costs CNY 2 for a single trip.
|Sightseeing Line 1||Muxuyuan Subway Station- Square City- May-ling Villa (Ming Xiaoling Museum)- Underwater World- South Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum|
|Sightseeing Line 2||Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Parking Lot (Zilanli Commercial Street)- South Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum- Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)|
|Sightseeing Line 3||Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)- Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum|
|Sightseeing Line 4||East Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum- Linggu Scenic Area|
|Sightseeing Line 5||Linggu Scenic Area- Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)|
|Sightseeing Line 6||Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Parking Lot (Zilanli Commercial Street)- May-ling Villa (Ming Xiaoling Museum)- West Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum- Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)|
|Special Line 1||Muxuyuan Subway Station- Square City- May-ling Villa (Ming Xiaoling Museum)- Underwater World- West Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum- Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)|
|Special Line 2||Xiamafang Subway Station- Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Parking Lot (Zilanli Commercial Street)- May-ling Villa (Ming Xiaoling Museum)- Underwater World- West Station of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum- Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty (Zixia Lake)|
Admission Fee and Opening Hours
|Scenic Spots||Ticket Price||Opening Hours|
|Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty Scenic Area||CNY 70, including the Plum Blossom Hill||March to October: 6:30- 18:30 |
November to the next February: 6:30- 18:00
|Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Scenic Area||Free of charge||8:30- 17:00 |
The Sacrificial Hall and the tomb are closed on Monday.
|Open-Air Music Hall||CNY 10||6:30-18:00|
|May-ling Villa||CNY 30||7:30—18:00|
|Linggu Scenic Area||CNY 35||March to October: 6:30- 18:30 |
November to the next February: 6:30- 18:00
|Toutuo Ridge Scenic Area||Free of charge||All day long|
Combo Ticket of the Attractions Mentioned Above