Great Wall Relics of Wei State
|Wei State Great Wall in Shaanxi|
The Wei State, one of the seven powers of the Warring States Period, shares a western border with Qin State. To shore up its territories before the capital Daliang (today's Kaifeng in Henan Province), the state constructed two defense lines: the West Line and the South Line.
Why and Where Was the Wei State Great Wall Built?
The West Line runs from Mount Huashan in Huayin City, and crosses the Weihe River. Then, it goes along the northeastern bank of Luohe River, via Dali County, Chengcheng County, and Hancheng City until it reaches Yellow River. Finally, it terminates at Guyang County in Baotou of Inner Mongolia. It was constructed in ten years from 361BC to 352BC.
The South Line runs from Juanxian County (in today's northeast Yuanyang County, Xinxiang, Henan Province) to Yangwu (in southeast Yuanyang County). Then, it turns southwest, and arrives at Mixian County (today's Xinmi of Zhengzhou). There is no record of its construction details.
Precious Relics of the Wei State Great Wall
|Great Wall Ruins of Wei State|
The Wei State Great Wall Relics in Huayin are 3.7 miles (6 kilometers) long. The ruins run from Chaoyuandong at the northern foot of Mount Huashan, go northward via Nandong Village, Beidong Village, Hongya Village, Wangjiahe, Hewanzi, Xiguanbao, Fengxiangcheng, and arrive at the southern bank of Weihe River. There are twelve sites in total. For instance, the wall to the northwest of Chaoyuandong is 0.3 mile (0.5 kilometer) long, 24 yards (21.6 meters) wide, and 46 feet (14.1 meters) high. The wall is made of compacted earth. The outlines of former fortresses and beacon towers can be made out. However, most sections are destroyed due to natural erosion and human destruction.
The Great Wall Ruins of Wei State lay on the eastern bank of Luohe River, about 9 miles (15 kilometers) to the northwest of Dali County. They extend from Dangchuan Village, via Dangjiayao Village and Donggaoheng Village, to Changcheng Village. There are twelve parts in total. The longest one lies between Changcheng Village and Donggaoheng Village. It is 1.3 miles (2.1 kilometers) long, 18 yards (16.3 meters) wide, and 7 feet (2 meters) to 37 feet (11.4 meters) high.
The relics in Hancheng are mostly distributed in thirteen villages of Longting Town, including Chengnan Village, Malingzhuang Village, Donglungong Village, Xilungong Village, Dapeng Village, Xinzhuang Village, Sanjia Village, Aitie Village, Simazhuang Village, Chenghou Village, Haozhuang Village, and Achi Village. The wall is about 13.5 miles (22 kilometers), running from the east to the west. The best-preserved section is between Chengnan Village and Malingzhuang Village. You can find the remains of beacon towers there.
Related Link: Great Wall Protection