Qufu Travel Guide
Chinese Name: 曲阜 (qū fù)
Area: 815 square kilometers (315 square miles)
Location: in the southwest of Shandong Province, east China
Area Code: 0537
Zip Code: 273100
GDP (2019): CNY 35.506 billion (USD 5.147 billion)
The Birthplace of Confucius Famed as East Jerusalem
Situated in the southwest of Shandong Province, Qufu is the birthplace of famous Confucius (551BC – 479BC). It is 160 kilometers (99 miles) from the capital of Shandong, Jinan, and 45 kilometers (28 miles) from Jining.
Confucius was born in Qufu and famous as one of the greatest philosophers in the world and the founder of Chinese Confucianism. In the long history of more than 2,000 years, Confucianism has gradually become the orthodox culture of China and has influenced countries in East and Southeast Asia. Most of Qufu's scenic spots are related to Confucius and Confucian culture with the Qufu Confucius Temple, Confucius Family Mansion and Cemetery as the highlights. The three sites were listed as World Cultural Heritage sites by UNESCO. The Confucius Temple is one of the three ancient buildings in China while there are a large number of historical relics of different dynasties in the Confucius Mansion.
Qufu Confucius Temple Confucius Family Mansion & Cemetery Confucius Six Arts City & Yan Temple
Through the above introduction, maybe you have learnt something about this city. China is a country influenced by Confucianism. If you want to have a deep understanding of China, you should pay a visit.
Recommended Qufu Tour
Jinan - Qufu -Mt. Tai: 4 days Shandong tour from Jinan to the hometown of Confucius and Mt. Tai
See also: China 9 Famous Cities for Study Tour
History: Qufu was the capital of the kingdom, Lu, in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC) and is the hometown of the great Chinese philosopher and educator Confucius. Most visitors go there in order to see the places where Confucius lived, studied and was buried. There aren't any high buildings in the city, since the local people don't allow their buildings to exceed the height of the Dacheng Hall (81 feet) which the main hall of the Temple of Confucius. In this way, they show their respect for this great person.
Local Highlights: It is a city of great character. One fifth of its residents have the surname Kong and they are all Confucius' descendants. Meanwhile, it's a rich productive city. The local special product Qufu rice, it's very famous in China. Also there are many different kinds of handicrafts and each of them is highly appreciated.
Upon arrival, take bus line 62 to Tianwai Village, where you can start to climb the mountain. :)