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Dual Nationality

 What is dual nationality?

 Answer: It is a way that allows a citizen to have two nationalities of both his motherland and another country at the same time.

 Is dual nationality admitted in the world?

 Answer: Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect it, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that a citizen will lose his nationality of his homeland if he succeeds in gaining another country's nationality.

 Does China admit dual nationality?

 Answer: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 of China Nationality Law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. Moreover, the Article 9 of that law declares that as soon as a Chinese takes a foreign citizenship, he will automatically lose his Chinese citizenship.

 Why does China refuse to recognize dual nationality?

 Answer: There are mainly two reasons to set up a nationality regulation that is totally different from that of many other countries in the world.
First, Chinese Nationality Law has its special historical background. After 1949, many doubts and troubles were caused in some countries especially those in Southeast Asia by a lot of overseas Chinese with dual citizenship. It was a misunderstanding but did harm to the ties between China and some countries.
Second, unique nationality is in consideration of the loyalty of a citizen to his country and the administration of citizens. And it is easier for precise judgment in law cases.

 Who can be regarded as a Chinese citizen?
 Answer: Anyone having any of the following characteristics is regarded as a citizen of China:
1. Persons belonging to any of the nationalities in China;
2. Any person born in China whose parents are both Chinese nationals or one of whose parents is a Chinese national;
3. Any person born abroad whose parents are both Chinese nationals, or one parent who is a Chinese national;
4. Any person born in China whose parents are stateless, or of uncertain nationality, and have settled in China.

 Is it easy to apply for a Chinese citizenship?

 Answer: To be honest, it is quite hard. However, if you want to stay in China for a long time, you can try to apply for an Aliens' Permanent Residence. As for the details about its requirements, please refer to our Permanent Residence Permit page.

- Last modified on Sep. 06, 2020 -
Questions & Answers on Dual Nationality
Asked by Rod mckenxie | Sep. 03, 2020 19:59Reply
My wife is Chinese and has a Chinese passport
My wife is Chinese and has a Chinese passport.We got married in Australia,therefore her Mame is my name now,so can she have a Chinese passport and an Australian on with her maiden name in Chinese and her married name in Australia
Answers (1)
Answered by Wyatt | Sep. 06, 2020 18:31

No, she can't.
Asked by Joe from 🇺🇸 USA | Mar. 17, 2020 17:22Reply
Us and China passports
As I stated before I’m American and my wife is Chinese with a Chinese passport and she holds a American green card , I have a USA passport with a China 🇨🇳 visa , can she apply for a American passport?? And no loose her Chinese passport at China customs?? Will this be a problem for her ??
Answers (1)
Answered by Thelma from GERMANY | Mar. 20, 2020 17:44

Well, as I know, she cannot apply for a American passport unless she give up Chinese nationality.
Asked by Jay from CANADA | Nov. 21, 2019 11:11Reply
Can you keep your Chinese citizenship if you want to keep it, and give away your other Citizenship
If you are a Chinese citizen but became a Canadian citizen because your parents immigrated, and automatically got one. And the Chinese system hasn't found out. Can you renounce your Canadian citizenship and still keep your Chinese citizenship?
Answers (6)
Answered by Kaylee from AUSTRALIA | Nov. 24, 2019 21:45

No, according to the situation, you will automatically lose your Chinese citizenship.
Answered by Matthew from USA | Dec. 06, 2019 03:27

You will be banned permanently for life from becoming Chinese citizen again if you’re Canadian citizen.
Answered by Matthew from USA | Dec. 06, 2019 03:40

That’s correct. Anyone who have a dual national (dual citizenship) of two countries must stay out of China, Saudi Arabia, North Korea, Turkmenistan, Vietnam, Thailand, India, Somalia, Qatar, Tajikistan and more countries (except two countries between the United States and France).
Answered by Enoch from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 19, 2020 04:28

Same goes to Hong Kong passport. Gain another nationality, lose HK nationality since its part of China.
Answered by Al from AUSTRALIA | Aug. 04, 2020 01:43

Is that true? Citizens who acquire a foreign nationality are banned for life for taking up the Chinese citizenship again?
Answered by Carol from DENMARK | Aug. 05, 2020 18:41

As I know, they can still gain the Chinese citizenship. But it is very difficult.
Asked by Will from USA AND CHINA | Nov. 19, 2019 13:33Reply
Figuring out a covert way for my son to keep both a US and Chinese passport throughout his life
I just had a son born on Chinese soil. My wife is Chinese. I’m a US citizen. I understand that following the normal procedures our child would have to choose between the two citizenships at age 18. Till then we could apply for a US passport and then get a 出入境许可证 (Chū rùjìng xǔkě zhèng). Officially an adults cannot hold a Chinese passport and another passport. However, I’ve heard of many Chinese people who maintain both a Chinese passport and a, secretly, a foreign passport.

I was thinking to just get the baby a Chinese hukou and a Chinese passport. We would depart China using the Chinese passport and then we’d arrive in the US using the US passport only. Would this work? Or would we always (for the rest of his life) be forced to transit through a third location (such as Korea, Japan or Hong Kong)? We really don’t want to always be forced to book to flights.

I wondering if we get him a Chinese passport will the Chinese border officials really check to see if he has a US visa (which, of course, he cannot get as he’s a US citizen)? A friend of my speculated that the border officials will check the US passport but I’m doubtful of that. Is that the case?
Answers (1)
Answered by Keira from DENMARK | Nov. 19, 2019 19:25

Oh, as I know, according to the policy, China doesn't recognize dual nationality. If your child takes a foreign citizenship, the child will lost Chinese citizenship automatically. And I know the the staff of Chinese border official will check it.
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