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Dual Nationality

 What is dual nationality?

 Answer: It is a way that allows a citizen to have two nationalities of both his motherland and another country at the same time.

 Is dual nationality admitted in the world?

 Answer: Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect it, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that a citizen will lose his nationality of his homeland if he succeeds in gaining another country's nationality.

 Does China admit dual nationality?

 Answer: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 of China Nationality Law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. Moreover, the Article 9 of that law declares that as soon as a Chinese takes a foreign citizenship, he will automatically lose his Chinese citizenship.

 Why does China refuse to recognize dual nationality?

 Answer: There are mainly two reasons to set up a nationality regulation that is totally different from that of many other countries in the world.
First, Chinese Nationality Law has its special historical background. After 1949, many doubts and troubles were caused in some countries especially those in Southeast Asia by a lot of overseas Chinese with dual citizenship. It was a misunderstanding but did harm to the ties between China and some countries.
Second, unique nationality is in consideration of the loyalty of a citizen to his country and the administration of citizens. And it is easier for precise judgment in law cases.

 Who can be regarded as a Chinese citizen?
 Answer: Anyone having any of the following characteristics is regarded as a citizen of China:
1. Persons belonging to any of the nationalities in China;
2. Any person born in China whose parents are both Chinese nationals or one of whose parents is a Chinese national;
3. Any person born abroad whose parents are both Chinese nationals, or one parent who is a Chinese national;
4. Any person born in China whose parents are stateless, or of uncertain nationality, and have settled in China.

 Is it easy to apply for a Chinese citizenship?

 Answer: To be honest, it is quite hard. However, if you want to stay in China for a long time, you can try to apply for an Aliens' Permanent Residence. As for the details about its requirements, please refer to our Permanent Residence Permit page.

- Last modified on Apr. 24, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Dual Nationality
Asked by Timothy Wei from AUSTRALIA | Jun. 11, 2019 06:20Reply
Can a CN citizen obtain Australian Permanent Residency and still retain their CN citizenship?
For example, If you're a Chinese national who moved abroad and eventually obtaining Australian Permanent Residency. Do you still keep your Chinese Citizenship?

If so, Are there any conditions? like do they require you to return back home every few years? or do you need to inform the Chinese immigration department?
Answers (1)
Answered by Day from CANADA | Jun. 11, 2019 19:19

China does not recognize dual nationality. If you don't join in the Australian nationality, it will be ok. In addition, you need to inform the Chinese immigration department.
Asked by E.G. from USA | Apr. 24, 2019 15:38Reply
Iraqi & USA Dual Citizenship Seeking Business Visa for China
Are there any special requirements for someone who holds dual citizenship in Iraq and USA in order to obtain a business Chinese visa? Your assistance is greatly appreciated.
Answers (1)
Answered by Oliver from AUSTRALIA | Apr. 24, 2019 19:33

There is no other special requirements. In the United States, you need to apply with an American passport. In Iraq, you need to apply with an Iraqi passport.
Asked by Suzanne from AUSTRALIA | Apr. 03, 2019 00:49Reply
Dual passport Australian and chinese
An Australian permanent resident holding Chinese passport can she obtain a Chinese passport for her Australian born boy
Answers (3)
Answered by Alice from CANADA | Apr. 03, 2019 18:21

Yes, there is no problem, you can refer to the information on official website of the Chinese embassy in Australia.
Answered by Suz from AUISTRALIA | Apr. 14, 2019 03:07

Does this mean that the child can have two passports, ie Australian one as he was born in Australia (with Australian father) and two chinese as mother was born in Hong Kong.

It clearly says on the Chinese website that china does not accept dual passports and that to be a Chinese citizen the person has to relinquish the other country.
Answered by Alice from CANADA | Apr. 14, 2019 18:08

No, it doesn't mean the child can have dual passports. It just means he or she can choose either one. If the child wants to get the Chinese passport, giving up the Australian passport is a must.
Asked by Yunny from UK | Feb. 10, 2019 16:18Reply
I have China and uk passport
Will UK visa officer report to Chinese government that I have China passport? I am applying visa for my mum to come to uk, I have told the uk visa officer I use Chinese passport to go back to China to visit mum.
Answers (5)
Answered by Sally from CANADA | Feb. 10, 2019 19:51

Hi, they may not report to Chinese government but it is easy for the Chinese government to check it out. So you are still suggested to apply for a visa to go to China with UK passport.
Answered by Yunny from UK | Feb. 12, 2019 00:18

Thank you. But I have been using the Chinese passport as it’s still in date...
Answered by Alessia from ITALY | Jul. 07, 2019 07:03

Hi, did you perhaps used the Chinese passport to go in China? Because I'm Chinese and now I have the Italian citizenship and so Italian passport. But I also still have the Chinese one, renewed recently. So it's possible to go in China without a visa in a situation like mine?
Answered by Caroline | Jul. 07, 2019 20:26

Well, as I know, you still need to have the Chinese visa to enter the country.
Answered by Andrea from ITALY | Jul. 10, 2019 00:45

Hi, I’m also of Chinese citizenship but i do not possess a Chinese ID card, because i was born in Italy (i do have the Italian ID card, with Chinese nationality). I’m currently applying for the Italian citizenship and the process only needs one last signature of mine to be completed, but before that, i wanted to go back to China and obtain a Chinese ID card. Will that be a problem in any way? Note that once i come to Italy, I’ll sign the document and become Italian; and when i travel to China, I’ll enter as a foreigner, and use the Chinese ID only for minor things.
I do know that China does not allow dual citizenship.
Thank You
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