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Dual Nationality

 What is dual nationality?

 Answer: It is a way that allows a citizen to have two nationalities of both his motherland and another country at the same time.

 Is dual nationality admitted in the world?

 Answer: Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect it, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that a citizen will lose his nationality of his homeland if he succeeds in gaining another country's nationality.

 Does China admit dual nationality?

 Answer: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 of China Nationality Law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. Moreover, the Article 9 of that law declares that as soon as a Chinese takes a foreign citizenship, he will automatically lose his Chinese citizenship.

 Why does China refuse to recognize dual nationality´╝č

 Answer: There are mainly two reasons to set up a nationality regulation that is totally different from that of many other countries in the world.
First, Chinese Nationality Law has its special historical background. After 1949, many doubts and troubles were caused in some countries especially those in Southeast Asia by a lot of overseas Chinese with dual citizenship. It was a misunderstanding but did harm to the ties between China and some countries.
Second, unique nationality is in consideration of the loyalty of a citizen to his country and the administration of citizens. And it is easier for precise judgment in law cases.

 Who can be regarded as a Chinese citizen?
 Answer: Anyone having any of the following characteristics is regarded as a citizen of China:
1. Persons belonging to any of the nationalities in China;
2. Any person born in China whose parents are both Chinese nationals or one of whose parents is a Chinese national;
3. Any person born abroad whose parents are both Chinese nationals, or one parent who is a Chinese national;
4. Any person born in China whose parents are stateless, or of uncertain nationality, and have settled in China.

 Is it easy to apply for a Chinese citizenship?

 Answer: To be honest, it is quite hard. However, if you want to stay in China for a long time, you can try to apply for an Aliens' Permanent Residence. As for the details about its requirements, please refer to our Permanent Residence Permit page.

- Last modified on Dec. 10, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Dual Nationality
Asked by Debbie from UNITED KINGDOM | Dec. 09, 2018 21:28Reply
I was born in Hong Kong in 1987. Is it possible to obtain dual citizenship?
Answers (1)
Answered by Bonnie from FINLAND | Dec. 10, 2018 18:29

Not really, if you want to have the Chinese citizenship, you have to give up your original citizenship.
Asked by Doubtfuldad from USA | Nov. 30, 2018 13:22Reply
Is there a law that says that 2.5 years required residency for baby born in the US to Chinese mother
I married a Chinese woman and we had a baby in the US. She says that the baby needs to live for 2.5 years or 30 months in China before he turns 5 or he will not be able to get Chinese citizenship. I have not been able to find this anywhere online or otherwise. Everything I find says that it is granted at brith through blood since she is Chinese citizen still.
Answers (1)
Answered by Mark from USA | Dec. 03, 2018 10:31

In fact, there is no such a law to say that the baby needs 2.5 years required residency. And you are right, it is granted at Chinese citizenship since the mother is Chines citizen. However, China doesn't admit dual nationality. If the baby has American citizenship already, then he will lose the Chinese citizenship automatically.
Asked by WorriedMom from UNITED STATES | Oct. 24, 2018 01:15Reply
My Chinese husband and our Son.
Someone asked a similar question with just some varying details, but I want to make sure I am getting this right.

I am married to a Chinese man with a green card and we have a 4 month old son. We are currently separated but working on things in hopes of getting back together.
Well next year I am doing a short term teaching trip in China and would like to bring my son with me, but I am worried. I trust my husband overall, but he is a MAJOR mommas boy (one of our problems) and does everything she says. She is pushing for us to send our son to China for school, and I said not until he is old enough to decide if he wants to. Well, she is still pushing it.
If I bring him with me, could they do something to prevent me from taking him back home with me after my time is done teaching? His parents and him are in the US, but his mom goes to China regularly and has relatives there. I am worried she will go there and try to keep him there. (She is crazy..)
Answers (1)
Answered by Lucy from CANADA | Oct. 24, 2018 18:23

Hi, don't worry too much, from Chinese legal perspective, she can't take the baby without your permission. However, you are suggested to communicate with your husband in advance and make sure she will not do anything crazy. Wish you all the best.
Asked by Dave from PEDERSEN | Sep. 30, 2018 15:12Reply
My son has a chinese birth certrificate and NZ passport and Citizenship by decent.
He is in China.
Father is a New Zealander and mum is Chinese with but uses a Hong Kong Passport, she also has permanent New Zealand residency
We now want to bring him home to New Zealand. Does he need a visa in order to get him out of china? If so where do I get the visa from NZ or China?
Answers (1)
Answered by Bob from CANADA | Oct. 08, 2018 20:07

Well, since he has a NZ passport, he doesn't need any visa to go to New Zealand.
Asked by Rebecca Lee from UNITED STATES | Aug. 08, 2018 17:43Reply
My daughter is American by birth, but the father is Chinese (national) can he take her in China???
Long story short :

I have an 8 year old half chinese daughter...her father is Chinese and lives in China. She was born to me in the USA. Her father and I are on very bad terms and never speak. He does not have any relationship with her.

I want to go to China to teach English. My question is : Could he take her from me??? Being in China and he being her father, etc.

Thank you
Answers (5)
Answered by Linda from USA | Aug. 09, 2018 18:59

Do you get married and have marriage certificate? If yes, the father can take her in China. If no, it may be hard and complicated.
Answered by Rebecca Lee from USA | Aug. 10, 2018 08:30

Yes, we were married but I annulled in in America. He has since remarried in China
Answered by Rebecca Lee from USA | Aug. 10, 2018 08:31

We were married in his province in China when she was 2
Answered by Linda | Aug. 12, 2018 19:10

He cannot take your daughter from you if you have got the custody.Don't be over-worried about this.
Answered by Becca from USA | Aug. 13, 2018 21:28

I'm concerned because I have custody of her by USA law, but China is not part of the Hague convention and does not have to obey US law
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