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Dual Nationality

 What is dual nationality?

 Answer: It is a way that allows a citizen to have two nationalities of both his motherland and another country at the same time.

 Is dual nationality admitted in the world?

 Answer: Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect it, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that a citizen will lose his nationality of his homeland if he succeeds in gaining another country's nationality.

 Does China admit dual nationality?

 Answer: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 of China Nationality Law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. Moreover, the Article 9 of that law declares that as soon as a Chinese takes a foreign citizenship, he will automatically lose his Chinese citizenship.

 Why does China refuse to recognize dual nationality?

 Answer: There are mainly two reasons to set up a nationality regulation that is totally different from that of many other countries in the world.
First, Chinese Nationality Law has its special historical background. After 1949, many doubts and troubles were caused in some countries especially those in Southeast Asia by a lot of overseas Chinese with dual citizenship. It was a misunderstanding but did harm to the ties between China and some countries.
Second, unique nationality is in consideration of the loyalty of a citizen to his country and the administration of citizens. And it is easier for precise judgment in law cases.

 Who can be regarded as a Chinese citizen?
 Answer: Anyone having any of the following characteristics is regarded as a citizen of China:
1. Persons belonging to any of the nationalities in China;
2. Any person born in China whose parents are both Chinese nationals or one of whose parents is a Chinese national;
3. Any person born abroad whose parents are both Chinese nationals, or one parent who is a Chinese national;
4. Any person born in China whose parents are stateless, or of uncertain nationality, and have settled in China.

 Is it easy to apply for a Chinese citizenship?

 Answer: To be honest, it is quite hard. However, if you want to stay in China for a long time, you can try to apply for an Aliens' Permanent Residence. As for the details about its requirements, please refer to our Permanent Residence Permit page.

- Last updated on Dec. 17, 2023 -
Questions & Answers on Dual Nationality
Asked by Ari from MEXICO | Jan. 18, 2024 20:22Reply
Mexico and Spain

I born in mexico, live in mexico. i have mexican passport and new spain pasaport feb 2024, I will travel May 2024,

What passport i can use ?? I want to use the spain ?? It is posible ??

Answers (1)
Answered by Kina | Jan. 18, 2024 22:45

It is suggested to use the Spanish passport as it enable you to visit China visa-free for at most 15 days.
Asked by Ali from PAKISTAN | Oct. 14, 2023 13:09Reply
Dual national Canadian and pakistani
I am dual national of Canada and Pakistan. I have my chinese visa on pakistani passport. While travelling to China can i carry both of my passports.
Answers (1)
Answered by Anne | Oct. 16, 2023 01:26

Yes, you can.
Asked by Frank from USA | Sep. 30, 2023 14:03Reply
A question of nationality while traveling to China
I was born in China but hold an US passport. I am also a citizen of Hong Kong. How do I declare my nationality while travelling to Hong Kong and China?
Answers (1)
Answered by Scott | Oct. 08, 2023 00:02

Both are fine. To travel to HK, you don't need a visa. To the mainland, you need a visa if travel with US passport and a Home Return Permit if with HK passport.
Asked by Tim from CHINA/UK | Jul. 21, 2023 00:31Reply
Leaving China on Chinese passport, enter UK on British passport?
My daughter has a Chinese and a British passport. I am planning to take her to the UK this Christmas. I have heard that it is possible to leave China using her Chinese passport and enter the UK with her British passport and vice versa. Meaning that I would not need to apply for a British visa to visit the UK.

Do you know if this is realistic?
Answers (4)
Answered by Emily | Jul. 21, 2023 01:50

As China doesn't admit the dual nationality, so it is impossible to do like this.
Answered by Tom | Oct. 01, 2023 20:13

have you worked out how to do this?
Answered by Mark | Dec. 17, 2023 18:59

Dual passports are allowed for Chinese under 18. I am also curious if this could work.
Answered by Dan | Jan. 31, 2024 09:48

It's not impossible to do this Emily, you just need to go through a 3rd country. Don't spread false information.
Asked by Asoegwu Uchenna Asoegwu from NIGERIA | Jul. 14, 2023 01:07Reply
Im a Nigerian and i had traveled to china with my nigerian passport several times. Also I have dual citizenship (Grenada passport) which has visa free to china.... Now, can i enter china with my grenada passport, haven traveled to china before with my nigerian passport???
Answers (1)
Answered by Jesse | Jul. 16, 2023 22:50

Grenadan passport holders were visa-free to go to China for 30 days before the pandemic. However, it is not clear the present situation. It is better for you to confirm with the local embassy directly.
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