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Dual Nationality

 What is dual nationality?

 Answer: It is a way that allows a citizen to have two nationalities of both his motherland and another country at the same time.

 Is dual nationality admitted in the world?

 Answer: Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect it, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that a citizen will lose his nationality of his homeland if he succeeds in gaining another country's nationality.

 Does China admit dual nationality?

 Answer: China does not recognize dual nationality. The Article 3 of China Nationality Law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. Moreover, the Article 9 of that law declares that as soon as a Chinese takes a foreign citizenship, he will automatically lose his Chinese citizenship.

 Why does China refuse to recognize dual nationality?

 Answer: There are mainly two reasons to set up a nationality regulation that is totally different from that of many other countries in the world.
First, Chinese Nationality Law has its special historical background. After 1949, many doubts and troubles were caused in some countries especially those in Southeast Asia by a lot of overseas Chinese with dual citizenship. It was a misunderstanding but did harm to the ties between China and some countries.
Second, unique nationality is in consideration of the loyalty of a citizen to his country and the administration of citizens. And it is easier for precise judgment in law cases.

 Who can be regarded as a Chinese citizen?
 Answer: Anyone having any of the following characteristics is regarded as a citizen of China:
1. Persons belonging to any of the nationalities in China;
2. Any person born in China whose parents are both Chinese nationals or one of whose parents is a Chinese national;
3. Any person born abroad whose parents are both Chinese nationals, or one parent who is a Chinese national;
4. Any person born in China whose parents are stateless, or of uncertain nationality, and have settled in China.

 Is it easy to apply for a Chinese citizenship?

 Answer: To be honest, it is quite hard. However, if you want to stay in China for a long time, you can try to apply for an Aliens' Permanent Residence. As for the details about its requirements, please refer to our Permanent Residence Permit page.

- Last updated on Jan. 19, 2023 -
Questions & Answers on Dual Nationality
Asked by TAYLOR from UNITED STATES | Jan. 19, 2023 14:19Reply
My son was born in China. I got him a US Passport. Can I exit China with his US passport to America?
Answers (1)
Answered by Lisa | Jan. 19, 2023 17:23

You need to get a certificate for your son before leaving China at the local entry and exit administration office.
Asked by Mathieu from FRANCE | Jun. 01, 2021 20:09Reply
Child born abroad
Hello :)

I'm french and my wife is chinese.
We both live in Japan.

We are going to have our first child next month, and we are wondering about his Nationality, as the baby will born in Japan.
He won't be japanese for sure.
But we are wondering if he can have both nationalities until 18 years old, or if we must choose either French or Chinese right now, before the birth ?

To get resident card as well as to be able to travel to see our families, he will need a passport so we must know about this point.

Thanks in advance :)
Answers (4)
Answered by Joan | Jun. 06, 2021 18:51

I am afraid that you need to choose the French or Chinese after the birth.
Answered by John | Sep. 22, 2021 20:04

if the the parents apply for citizenship for both China and France, is their a penalty?
Answered by theoracle | Sep. 27, 2021 18:01

Article 9 says Chinese citîzenshíp automatically lost once ýou ädopt another country.
Answered by Mike | Oct. 27, 2021 22:46

The issue is, you lose it if you voluntarily get another passport. The child didn’t voluntarily get a second passport. It was given automatically at birth.
Asked by Yaseen from UAE | Jan. 30, 2021 01:14Reply
UAE/Chinese with Chinese mother
Hi! I was born in China and my mother is Chinese, I hold the UAE passport, can I get the Chinese passport and hold dual citizenship? I know China will only recognize the Chinese passport but I’m totally ok with that. Im just wondering if I can have two official passport.
Answers (1)
Answered by Emma | Jan. 31, 2021 17:27

No, I am afraid that you cannot have two official passports at the same time.
Asked by David from PHILIPPINES | Nov. 25, 2020 07:20Reply
both parent Filipino citizen but i was bon in china
both my parents are Filipino citizens but i was born in Beijing do i have some privilege to go to china ..or is it easy for me to obtain Visa ? thank you
Answers (1)
Answered by Chana | Nov. 26, 2020 17:38

You are also Filipino citizen, right? If yes, you still need to apply for the visa. Generally speaking, it won't be difficult.
Asked by Orem Frien from UNITED STATES | Nov. 20, 2020 05:52Reply
Are there other markers of Chinese identity that can be passed if citizenship cannot be?
Hi. So, I (an American and Spanish citizen) was speaking with my wife (a Chinese citizen) about future progeny. Given that China forbids dual nationality and we live in the United States, it makes sense to let my child inherit my nationalities and not her Chinese nationality. However, she believes that as a former resident of Beijing, she has a residency permit or similar that she can pass to our children. Can anyone provide clarity on any of the following: (1) What this document is. (2) Whether it can be passed down to children born outside of China. (3) How to register such documents?
Answers (3)
Answered by Tracy | Nov. 26, 2020 17:39

No, I am afraid not. China doesn't accept dual nationality.
Answered by Greg | Dec. 29, 2020 07:16

That document is Hukou, it's basically what allows one to receive benefits from the government (like education and being able to buy property) in a given part of China. Hukou from Beijing is the best one, so I'd say if u think ur child will ever want to live in China, it is in their best interest to have it and have a chinese citizenship. Babies born outside to a chinese national can receive chinese citizenship connected to the parents citizenship.
Answered by Orem Frien | Dec. 30, 2020 05:01

Thank you for your reply. Is it possible for a child to inherit a Beijing Hukou without inheriting Chinese Citizenship. I would assume no, but I would prefer a more definitive answer than my inherent assumptions.
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