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Regulations on Permanent Residence of Aliens in China

Brief Introducation

The permanent residence of foreigners in China refers to that the period of foreigners' stay here is not limited. Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is the legitimate identity card of aliens having obtained permanent residence and may be used independently. They can enter and exit China by holding their valid passports and the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens without a visa.

The validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is five or ten years. Aliens aged under 18 years old being granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of five years. Aliens aged over 18 years granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of 10 years.
 

Requirements for Different Types of Permanent Residence Permit

Different Types Qualifications

for Spouse Reunion

spouses of Chinese citizens or of aliens having obtained permanent residence in China, whose marriage has lasted for five years, and who have lived in mainland for five years in a row, the annual stay here being no shorter than nine months, and who have stable and secured living status and place to live

for Seeking Reunion with Parents

unmarried children aged under 18 years old who come to live with their parents

for Investment

having direct investment, stable investment in China for three years in a row, and having a sound taxation record


for Employment

having assumed the posts of deputy general manager or deputy director of plants or higher level posts or posts of associate professors or associate research fellows and similar posts for more than four years in a row, and the period of stay in accumulation being no shorter than three years and having sound taxation record

for Outstanding Aliens

having major and outstanding contributions to China or needed urgently by China

for Dependants persons having no direct relatives abroad entering China to live with direct relatives, who are over 60 years old, have lived in China for five years in a row, whose annual stay being no shorter than nine months and have stable and secured living status and places to live.

How to Submit Application

Authority for handling application of aliens for permanent residence in China is the public security administration of municipal people's government having districts under its administration, and the branch public security bureau or county level public security bureau of municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for examining and verifying the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the public security administrations of various provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for the examination and approval of the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the Ministry of Public Security. 

The applicant or the parent of the applicant who is unmarried and aged under 18 years old can apply for permanent residence in person, or entrust a third party to submit the application. In case of application filed by an entrusted third party, the power of attorney issued by the applicant should be provided. The power of attorney issued by applicants abroad should be attested by Chinese embassies or consulate offices in the countries or regions. 

Processing Time and Fees

The public security authority should make a decision on whether or not to approve the applications for permanent residence filed by aliens within six months starting from the day of receipt of the applications. 

Fees: 1,500 RMB Application Fee for each person; 
          300 RMB for each Foreigner's Permanent Residence Permit;  

Additional Information

1. Aliens granted permanent residence in China will be granted Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens by the Ministry of Public Security. Whereas the applicant is abroad, the Ministry of Public Security will issue Form of Conformation of Permanent Residence of Aliens, the applicant should go to the Chinese embassies or consulate offices to apply for D visa on the strength of the Form, and obtain Certificate of Permanent Residence of aliens within 30 days upon entry from the public security authority that has accepted the applications.

2. Aliens granted permanent residence should stay in China for more than three months in accumulation every year. Whereas they are not able to satisfy that requirement due to certain actual needs, they should obtain approval from the public security administration of the provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have the permanent residence. However, their stay in China in a period of five years should be no shorter than one year.

3. Whereas the validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens expires, or items of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been changed, or the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been lost or damaged, the certificate holders should apply to the public security authority of municipal people's governments with subordinate districts or branch public security bureaus or county level bureaus of municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have permanent residence for change or renewal of certificates. Whereas the public security authority considers that the certificate holders have not lost qualifications to maintain permanent residence in China, it should change or renew the certificates within one month.

4. Aliens holding Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens should apply for renewal of certificates one month prior to the expiration of the validity of the certificates. Whereas the content of the certificates has been changed, the holders should apply for change or renewal within one month upon the changes. In case of damage or loss of the certificates, the holders should apply for renewal or change of certificates in a timely manner.

5.  Aliens having permanent residence in China under any of the following circumstances will be cancelled of their permanent residence by the Ministry of Public Security, and their Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens will be revoked or declared invalid:
(1). likely to cause harms to the national safety and interests;
(2). ordered by the people's court to be expelled from of the country;
(3). obtaining permanent residence by way of providing falsified materials and other illegal methods;
(4). accumulated stay in a year being less than three months or accumulated stay in a period five years being less than one year, without permission.

- Last modified on Dec. 24, 2020 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Permanent Residence Permit
Asked by Hobbs from INDIA | Jan. 18, 2021 10:11Reply
Permanent citizenship.
Hello, I am from India and I want to leave my country forever and settle in China. I am an atheist and am looking for the best opportunity. So tell me, how can I achieve this with minimal constraint.
Asked by Huang from MALAYSIA | Dec. 22, 2020 17:14Reply
Foreign spouse of Chinese national can apply for Permanent PR? How difficult?
Married 2015. Spouse intends to leave China for home visit . Worried about re-entry to China after visit.
Answers (1)
Answered by Irene | Dec. 24, 2020 18:33
00Reply


It's difficult to get a China Permanent PR. You should meet a lot of requirements, like owning a residence in China, having spent at least nine months per year in China in the last five years.
Asked by gigi from TURKEY | Dec. 20, 2020 02:08Reply
Work visa
Hi, I am from Turkey. I am an English Teacher who have experience in Europe. I want to go to china with Aupair cause its the easiest and cheapest way to travel right now. After aupair, I want to apply for resident card and working visa and start to work in schools. Is it possible ? Thank you so much !
Answers (1)
Answered by Johnson | Dec. 24, 2020 22:44
00Reply


Well, I personally think it is not very likely to get a Chinese visa for Aupair at present.
Asked by EDWARD OWUSU DATTEY from NOW IN GHANA. | Dec. 07, 2020 09:04Reply
What documents do I need to apply for a Chinese visa as a tourist with American Passport ?
I have a girlfriend..Chinese who wants me to visit her in China.What does she have to send me for me to apply for Chinese visa ?
Answers (2)
Answered by Lisa | Dec. 10, 2020 21:59
00Reply


Edward, she should send you an invitation letter, her Chinese ID number and a photocopy of her ID card. However, be aware that even she send you all these documents, you cannot apply for a visa currently because of the epidemic.
Answered by EDWARD OWUSU DATTEY | Jan. 04, 2021 16:49
00Reply


Barely three years ago, I got a 10year Chinese visa in my AMERICAN PASSPORT. Unfortunately, I lost my passport and It was canceled after reporting it at the American Embassy. But it was later found after a new passport had been issued to me.Do I need to apply for a new visa and pay another visa fee or the Chinese Embassy can issue me another visa in my new passport? Please I need your clarification regarding this issue or matter. Thanks for your insight.
Asked by Will from CHINA | Dec. 03, 2020 22:59Reply
Residency Permit with Marraige
Hello, I'm Canadian and married my Chinese wife in Dandong as this is where her Huku was and my residency permit was issued there. We have another residence in Shanghai and would like to live there, can I renew my permit there in Shanghai, or do I have to return to Dandong each time after 6 months, it seems expensive and inconvenient
Answers (1)
Answered by Eric | Dec. 06, 2020 21:56
00Reply


You can renew your residency permit in Shanghai.
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