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Regulations on Permanent Residence of Aliens in China

Brief Introducation

The permanent residence of foreigners in China refers to that the period of foreigners' stay here is not limited. Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is the legitimate identity card of aliens having obtained permanent residence and may be used independently. They can enter and exit China by holding their valid passports and the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens without a visa.

The validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is five or ten years. Aliens aged under 18 years old being granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of five years. Aliens aged over 18 years granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of 10 years.
 

Requirements for Different Types of Permanent Residence Permit

Different Types Qualifications

for Spouse Reunion

spouses of Chinese citizens or of aliens having obtained permanent residence in China, whose marriage has lasted for five years, and who have lived in mainland for five years in a row, the annual stay here being no shorter than nine months, and who have stable and secured living status and place to live

for Seeking Reunion with Parents

unmarried children aged under 18 years old who come to live with their parents

for Investment

having direct investment, stable investment in China for three years in a row, and having a sound taxation record


for Employment

having assumed the posts of deputy general manager or deputy director of plants or higher level posts or posts of associate professors or associate research fellows and similar posts for more than four years in a row, and the period of stay in accumulation being no shorter than three years and having sound taxation record

for Outstanding Aliens

having major and outstanding contributions to China or needed urgently by China

for Dependants persons having no direct relatives abroad entering China to live with direct relatives, who are over 60 years old, have lived in China for five years in a row, whose annual stay being no shorter than nine months and have stable and secured living status and places to live.

How to Submit Application

Authority for handling application of aliens for permanent residence in China is the public security administration of municipal people's government having districts under its administration, and the branch public security bureau or county level public security bureau of municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for examining and verifying the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the public security administrations of various provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for the examination and approval of the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the Ministry of Public Security. 

The applicant or the parent of the applicant who is unmarried and aged under 18 years old can apply for permanent residence in person, or entrust a third party to submit the application. In case of application filed by an entrusted third party, the power of attorney issued by the applicant should be provided. The power of attorney issued by applicants abroad should be attested by Chinese embassies or consulate offices in the countries or regions. 

Processing Time and Fees

The public security authority should make a decision on whether or not to approve the applications for permanent residence filed by aliens within six months starting from the day of receipt of the applications. 

Fees: 1,500 RMB Application Fee for each person; 
          300 RMB for each Foreigner's Permanent Residence Permit;  

Additional Information

1. Aliens granted permanent residence in China will be granted Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens by the Ministry of Public Security. Whereas the applicant is abroad, the Ministry of Public Security will issue Form of Conformation of Permanent Residence of Aliens, the applicant should go to the Chinese embassies or consulate offices to apply for D visa on the strength of the Form, and obtain Certificate of Permanent Residence of aliens within 30 days upon entry from the public security authority that has accepted the applications.

2. Aliens granted permanent residence should stay in China for more than three months in accumulation every year. Whereas they are not able to satisfy that requirement due to certain actual needs, they should obtain approval from the public security administration of the provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have the permanent residence. However, their stay in China in a period of five years should be no shorter than one year.

3. Whereas the validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens expires, or items of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been changed, or the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been lost or damaged, the certificate holders should apply to the public security authority of municipal people's governments with subordinate districts or branch public security bureaus or county level bureaus of municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have permanent residence for change or renewal of certificates. Whereas the public security authority considers that the certificate holders have not lost qualifications to maintain permanent residence in China, it should change or renew the certificates within one month.

4. Aliens holding Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens should apply for renewal of certificates one month prior to the expiration of the validity of the certificates. Whereas the content of the certificates has been changed, the holders should apply for change or renewal within one month upon the changes. In case of damage or loss of the certificates, the holders should apply for renewal or change of certificates in a timely manner.

5.  Aliens having permanent residence in China under any of the following circumstances will be cancelled of their permanent residence by the Ministry of Public Security, and their Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens will be revoked or declared invalid:
(1). likely to cause harms to the national safety and interests;
(2). ordered by the people's court to be expelled from of the country;
(3). obtaining permanent residence by way of providing falsified materials and other illegal methods;
(4). accumulated stay in a year being less than three months or accumulated stay in a period five years being less than one year, without permission.

- Last modified on Dec. 29, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Permanent Residence Permit
Asked by scherer from GERMANY | Jan. 15, 2020 01:19Reply
Permanent residence and Work permit
I am having received a permanent residence in China. Do I still have to renew the work permit?
Answers (1)
Answered by Lydia from AUSTRALIA | Jan. 15, 2020 18:29
00Reply


No. Since you have permanent residence, you don't need a work permit for working in China.
Asked by Mr Simon Francis lai from UNITED KINGDOM | Jan. 14, 2020 06:12Reply
Want go back home
Do I'm qualify a residential permit for the following reasons shows below.
1) I'm was born in the 60s in China and my family moved from China to u. K. In the 70s

2) l have apartment and also ancestor home belong to me in China.

3)I have mother and father - in-law in the late 80s in China.

4)l have lot of relatives in China.

5) I'm a frequently travel back to my home in China (examples... I'm travel at least over 10+ times back and forth in the last 3 yrs)

6)I'm have a travel visa for the next five years to China and is not the same as a residential permit holder because without residential permits you can't open a bank account and without a bank account you can't use electron devices for example you can't used WECHAT PAID.
7) I'm in the late 50s and I know where I sure go when the time come.
Answers (3)
Answered by John Doe | Jan. 14, 2020 16:52
00Reply


Your in-laws can qualify you for a family-based residence permit if the municipal government approves your application (fairly straightforward in Guangdong and Shanghai). However, it may be a bit tricky if you haven't had Hukou or a Chinese Resident ID card before.

However, if you happen to have a Hong Kong permanent ID card, then you don't even have to apply for a visa. Simply renew your HKID and apply for a HKSAR passport in Hong Kong, then apply for a Home Return Permit from China Travel Service which entitles you to stay in Mainland China indefinitely.
Answered by Simon lai from UNITED KINGDOM | Jan. 15, 2020 02:57
00Reply


Can I apply residence permit in Chinese embassy in u. K.?
Answered by John Doe | Jan. 15, 2020 09:24
00Reply


No. All residence permits are processed by the municipal Public Security Bureaus. You can only get a Q1 visa in the UK. However if you have had a HKID (even if it has already expired) then going through the HK resident route is much simpler as you can legally purchase properties in Guangdong.
Asked by mohamed from CHINA | Jan. 14, 2020 03:45Reply
permanent residence certificate
hello please, I want to ask, I got married to a Chinese girl since 2013, and now I am planning to apply for a permanent residence certificate.
we are living in Shandong province, but I want to apply to Beijing PBS.
I don't know if they will accept my application.
and please how many years they give me.
and if that means I will not need to renew it during that time.
or every I have to go to renew every year as I am doing now.
thank you look forward to your response.
best
Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Jan. 14, 2020 16:55
00Reply


Beijing PSB will not be able to accept your application if your wife does not have hukou in Beijing, and only the Shandong PSB has the jurisdiction. Once granted your permanent residence is valid for life but your ID card expires every 10 years which you have to renew.
Asked by John from INDIA | Jan. 14, 2020 01:36Reply
Parent visa
Dear Sir,

If I am employed by the University of Nottingham, Ningbo. My wife has serious illness, she needs help, can I bring my parents/parents-in-law to china?

Thanks
Answers (1)
Answered by Tom from AUSTRALIA | Jan. 14, 2020 18:49
00Reply


Yes, they can apply for the S1 visa in order to stay in China to look after your wife.
Asked by John from CANADA | Jan. 09, 2020 08:43Reply
Chinese nationality
My wife and I do not have Chinese citizenship. I work in China and have a work permit and residence permit for two years. Next month my baby will be born. Will my baby get Chinese citizenship? What should be the process?
Answers (1)
Answered by Jill from UNITED KINGDOM | Jan. 09, 2020 18:53
00Reply


Sorry, your baby can't get Chinese citizenship.
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