Home / Embassy / Visa /

Regulations on Permanent Residence of Aliens in China

Brief Introducation

The permanent residence of foreigners in China refers to that the period of foreigners' stay here is not limited. Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is the legitimate identity card of aliens having obtained permanent residence and may be used independently. They can enter and exit China by holding their valid passports and the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens without a visa.

The validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens is five or ten years. Aliens aged under 18 years old being granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of five years. Aliens aged over 18 years granted permanent residence should be issued Certificates of Permanent Residence of Aliens of 10 years.
 

Requirements for Different Types of Permanent Residence Permit

Different Types Qualifications

for Spouse Reunion

spouses of Chinese citizens or of aliens having obtained permanent residence in China, whose marriage has lasted for five years, and who have lived in mainland for five years in a row, the annual stay here being no shorter than nine months, and who have stable and secured living status and place to live

for Seeking Reunion with Parents

unmarried children aged under 18 years old who come to live with their parents

for Investment

having direct investment, stable investment in China for three years in a row, and having a sound taxation record


for Employment

having assumed the posts of deputy general manager or deputy director of plants or higher level posts or posts of associate professors or associate research fellows and similar posts for more than four years in a row, and the period of stay in accumulation being no shorter than three years and having sound taxation record

for Outstanding Aliens

having major and outstanding contributions to China or needed urgently by China

for Dependants persons having no direct relatives abroad entering China to live with direct relatives, who are over 60 years old, have lived in China for five years in a row, whose annual stay being no shorter than nine months and have stable and secured living status and places to live.

How to Submit Application

Authority for handling application of aliens for permanent residence in China is the public security administration of municipal people's government having districts under its administration, and the branch public security bureau or county level public security bureau of municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for examining and verifying the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the public security administrations of various provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government. The authority for the examination and approval of the applications filed by aliens for permanent residence is the Ministry of Public Security. 

The applicant or the parent of the applicant who is unmarried and aged under 18 years old can apply for permanent residence in person, or entrust a third party to submit the application. In case of application filed by an entrusted third party, the power of attorney issued by the applicant should be provided. The power of attorney issued by applicants abroad should be attested by Chinese embassies or consulate offices in the countries or regions. 

Processing Time and Fees

The public security authority should make a decision on whether or not to approve the applications for permanent residence filed by aliens within six months starting from the day of receipt of the applications. 

Fees: 1,500 RMB Application Fee for each person; 
          300 RMB for each Foreigner's Permanent Residence Permit;  

Additional Information

1. Aliens granted permanent residence in China will be granted Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens by the Ministry of Public Security. Whereas the applicant is abroad, the Ministry of Public Security will issue Form of Conformation of Permanent Residence of Aliens, the applicant should go to the Chinese embassies or consulate offices to apply for D visa on the strength of the Form, and obtain Certificate of Permanent Residence of aliens within 30 days upon entry from the public security authority that has accepted the applications.

2. Aliens granted permanent residence should stay in China for more than three months in accumulation every year. Whereas they are not able to satisfy that requirement due to certain actual needs, they should obtain approval from the public security administration of the provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have the permanent residence. However, their stay in China in a period of five years should be no shorter than one year.

3. Whereas the validity of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens expires, or items of Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been changed, or the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens have been lost or damaged, the certificate holders should apply to the public security authority of municipal people's governments with subordinate districts or branch public security bureaus or county level bureaus of municipalities directly under the Central Government where they have permanent residence for change or renewal of certificates. Whereas the public security authority considers that the certificate holders have not lost qualifications to maintain permanent residence in China, it should change or renew the certificates within one month.

4. Aliens holding Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens should apply for renewal of certificates one month prior to the expiration of the validity of the certificates. Whereas the content of the certificates has been changed, the holders should apply for change or renewal within one month upon the changes. In case of damage or loss of the certificates, the holders should apply for renewal or change of certificates in a timely manner.

5.  Aliens having permanent residence in China under any of the following circumstances will be cancelled of their permanent residence by the Ministry of Public Security, and their Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens will be revoked or declared invalid:
(1). likely to cause harms to the national safety and interests;
(2). ordered by the people's court to be expelled from of the country;
(3). obtaining permanent residence by way of providing falsified materials and other illegal methods;
(4). accumulated stay in a year being less than three months or accumulated stay in a period five years being less than one year, without permission.

- Last modified on May. 29, 2020 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Permanent Residence Permit
Asked by Yew from MALAYSIA | Jul. 09, 2020 06:45Reply
Hi there, if I continue my studies in china, is there any chance for me to get Chinese citizenship?
Answers (1)
Answered by Clare from USA | Jul. 13, 2020 00:51
00Reply


I'm afraid not.
Asked by Jojo from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 29, 2020 15:59Reply
I am 22 years old however I am interested in living in china
I would like to know how I am able to get a permanent visa to live in china without having to get a job visa nor a student visa

Thanks
Answers (1)
Answered by Ruth from UNITED KINGDOM | Jul. 05, 2020 20:18
00Reply


Jojo, if you don't work or study in China, and you don't have any Chinese family members, it's nearly impossible for you to get the permanent visa.
Asked by Simon Peters from AUS | Jun. 27, 2020 06:45Reply
1. How to cancel Temp Residency granted w/out one parent's consent. How to Object to further Applic
Hi I'm Australian. My child's mother (also Australian) took my child (aged under 5 and Australian too) to China and applied for a temporary Residency Permit without my Consent. Is there a way to apply to have it cancelled. She will probably be making another Application for either temporary or permanent residency for the child soon - is there a way that I can lodge an Objection to any further Visas or Residency Permits being granted for my son?

Does anyone know what the position is in China on granting any Visas Residency Permits under the current Coronavirus (COVID-19) situation? (I have heard that they aren't renewing any Visa TR Permits for foreigners - is this true?)
Answers (4)
Answered by Derek from USA | Jul. 05, 2020 19:14
00Reply


Sorry, as this problem is a little complicated, I think you may need to turn to a lawer for help.

If your wife has already entered China, it's possible to renew the temporary residence permit within China.
Answered by Simon Peters from AUSTRALIA | Jul. 06, 2020 21:02
00Reply


Hmmmm…...I am a lawyer :-)

She's not my wife, never has been.

I was aware that under normal circumstances she could renew the visa, but my question was whether the situation is the same now under COVID (ie Coronavirus).
Answered by Andrew from AUSTRALIA | Jul. 08, 2020 03:39
00Reply


Temporary Residency Permits are required for ALL persons in China. It doesnt really mean much.
Answered by Simon Peters from AUSTRALIA | Jul. 08, 2020 21:51
00Reply


Yes, I get that - they are required by everyone.

The question is not whether they are required....the question is are they still issuing them, or to put the corollary, is it the case that in the COVID situation they are not renewing them, effectively forcing foreigners to leave and go home?
Asked by Roger Johnson from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 20, 2020 21:47Reply
Can a former Chinese citizen who now has UK passport apply for China Resident visa?
HI my wife is Chinese but she has had a UK passport since 2009. If I die she would want to return to China where her family all live including her son. . Is there any type of resident visa that she can apply for ?
Answers (4)
Answered by Amanda from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 22, 2020 00:10
00Reply


Roger, she can apply for a Q visa.
Answered by Roger Johnson from UK | Jun. 22, 2020 08:55
00Reply


Hi thank you for your reply. Where can we find details of the Q visa? We live in the UK , can she apply for the Q visa at the Chinese consulate here? And is the Certificate of Permanent Residence of Aliens also a possibility for her ? Thanks!
Answered by Roger Johnson from UK | Jun. 22, 2020 09:53
00Reply


Hi, if I die my wife will want to return to China and remain there permanently with her family (mother , sisters + her son who is now 33).She will be 60 later this year. Is the best plan for her to get a Q1 visa her in the UK , then go to China and apply for Permanent Resident Permit in her home town ?
Thank you so much for your help.
Answered by Roger Johnson from UK | Jun. 22, 2020 09:56
00Reply


One more question : Can your website be viewed in Chinese ? (my wife's English is not very good).
Thanks.
Asked by Need Help from USA | Jun. 16, 2020 04:24Reply
My wife is Chinese and I am American. Does it help if we buy property in both our names?
Will property ownership make it easier to get a permanent residence visa?
Answers (1)
Answered by Janet from USA | Jun. 18, 2020 00:44
00Reply


Yes, property ownership will make it easier for you to get a permanent residence permit.
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)