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Basic Facts about China

China Great Wall
Great Wall

 Full Name: The People's Republic of China
 Chinese Name: 中华人民共和国 (zhōng huá rén mín gòng hé guó)
 Area: 9,600,000 sq km (3,706,580 sq mi)
 Population: 1.37 billion (as of 2014)
 Capital City: Beijing
 National Flag: Five-Stars-Red-Flag
 Location: middle and East Asia, bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean
 Territorial Seas: the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea
 Climate: mainly continental monsoon climate (Tibet: vertical climate zone)
 People: Han Chinese (93.3%), plus 55 ethnic groups like Miao, Li, Mongolian
 Language: Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua) based on Beijing dialect, plus local dialects
 Main Religions and Beliefs: officially atheist, Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Islam (over 22 million), Catholicism (over 4 million) and Protestantism (over 10 million)
 Currency and Monetary Unit: Renminbi / Yuan
 Form of Government: system of National People's Congress
 Administrative Demarcations: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 Special Administrative Regions


China, an ancient, mysterious and beautiful land, is always appealing to adventurous foreign visitors. As the third largest country in the world occupying an area of 9,600,000 sq km, it spans 62 degrees of longitude and 49 degrees of latitude. A wide variety of terrain and climate shape its numerous natural attractions. Abundant in a variety of resources, plants, animals, and minerals, the land has nurtured countless generations of Chinese people.
 

Temple of Heaven in Beijing
Temple of Heaven in Beijing

One of China's greatest treasures is her long, rich history. As early as 1.7 million years  ago, the earliest humans evolved on this land. The first dynasty, the Xia Dynasty, dates to about the 21st century BC. For 4,000 years, feudalism was the dominant economic and cultural model. Then, in 1911, the revolution led by Sun Yat-sen brought the monarchy to an end. On October 1st, 1949, PRC was founded, fully named the 'People's Republic of China'. Since then, this country has developed independently and vigorously. Most recently, reform and opening-up policy has energized life in this country.

China is proud of her many people, long history, resplendent culture and distinctive customs. Among her greatest gifts to the world are the 'four great inventions' (paper, gunpowder, printing and the compass) .

Chinese arts and crafts, including painting, calligraphy, operas, embroidery and silk are distinctive and unique. Kung Fu, which have only recently begun to enjoy popularity in other parts of the world have been part of Chinese culture for centuries, and Chinese literature is testifies to the country's rich heritage. And, of course, there is Chinese food, which has been exported to every corner of the globe.


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