Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre

Statue in Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre
Memorial Hall to the Victims 
in the Nanjing Massacre
 More Nanjing Massacre Pictures
The Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre was built by local Municipal Government in 1985 and extended in 1995, covering an area of 28,000 square meters (302,400 sqare feet). It is located in Jiangdongmen, one of the execution sites and mass burial places of the massacre.

Nanjing, a picturesque city lying by the Yangtze River, owes its fame to its favorable geographic position, galaxy of talents and profound historical background. Having served as the capital of ten dynasties in ancient China, its splendour has remained and even enlarged with an extended population up to 600,000 when the government of the Republic of China set up its capital there in 1927. However, an outrageous and well-prepared war of aggression was started by Japan on Sep 13, 1931. Receiving no resistance from the government of the Republic of China, the troops of the Japanese aggressor occupied the three provinces of northeast China within a period of five months. Marching southwards, they launched all-out offensives on Shanghai and Nanjing, the seat of government, thus starting a nightmarish holocaust that transformed the paradise into a hell on earth.

On Dec 13, 1937, the Japanese army occupied Nanjing and during the following six weeks bore witness to the inhumane disgrace and bloody massacre exerted on the city. No less than 300,000 innocent civilians and unarmed Chinese soldiers were brutally slaughtered in mass and individual beheadings, burying alive, burning, and killing races. More than 20,000 women were raped and many were then killed. A third of the architectures together with their contents were damaged by fire and countless shops, stores and residences were looted and sacked. Corpses were seen floating on rivers and littered the streets and lanes. Whether they were children or the aged, from residents to nuns, few could escape from the savage atrocity.
Nanjing fell to Japanese imperial armies
Japanese Army Enter Nanjing
Japanese invaders thrust bayonet into the man
Japanese Invaders Kill an Civilian

Solemn and imposing, the Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre consists of three parts: the outdoor exhibits, the remaining bones of the victims and the exhibition hall for historical documents.

The outdoor of Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre exhibits all vividly represent grief and indignation, life and death. Statues, group sculptures and relief carvings stand solemnly among green pines and cypresses, together with the monument upon which is engraved the dates of the tragic events '1937.12.13 - 1938.1' while two marble walls are engraved with the name of the hall and ' 300,000 Victims '. Three large groups of carved reliefs and seventeen small tablets upon which the major sites and historical facts of the massacre are carved, surrounded by withered trees and cobblestones, the wall upon which the names of the victims are listed and the atonement tablet, together form a permanent and moving record of the bloody tragedy.

Innocent civilians were brutally slaughtered in mass.
Innocent civilians were brutally 
slaughtered in mass


The remaining bones of victims in the massacre, which were excavated from Jiangdongmen in 1985, are exhibited in a coffin-shaped display hall of Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre. There were 208 more bones uncovered from this 'pits of tens of thousands bodies' in 1998. Another tomb-like exhibition hall, which is buried half underground, contains over 1000 items that illustrate the terrible tragedy. Paintings, sculptures and illuminated display cabinets and multi-media screens as well as documentary films all contribute to this reminder of the horrendous crimes perpetrated on the Chinese people.

Experiences of the past, if not forgotten, are a guide for the future. The attribution of blame for war and its consequences serves to sustain hatred. The Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall was not built as a sign of indignation but a lasting memorial to the victims and a warning of history. The memorial hall and the historical materials it contains present themselves as iron proofs on the inhuman crimes the Japanese troops ever committed. Such behaviours as altering textbooks and fabricating lies to distort the history sound ridiculous and finally will be proved futile. The memorial hall presents not only to the Chinese but also to successive generations of the Japanese that only an acceptance and understanding of past wrongs can create a better future for mankind.

How to get to Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre

1. Take metro line 2 and get off at Yunjin Road. Leave from exit 2 and walk westwards to get there.
2. Take bus 7, 37, 61, 63, 161, 166, 170, or 186 to Shuiximen Dajie Jiangdongmen.
3. Take bus G3 or G6 to Jiangdongmen Jinianguan.

Nanjing Bus / Metro Search
 

Entrance Fee Free
Opening Hours 8:30 - 16:30;
Closed on Monday except during holidays


 Further Reading:
     Thought for the day 14 May 2005

- Last modified on Nov. 27, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre
Asked by Jerry Lee from SINGAPORE | Nov. 26, 2018 21:56Reply
I am in Nanjing on the 3 Dec 2018. Is the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall opened?
Answers (1)
Answered by Zenia from SINGAPORE | Nov. 27, 2018 18:16
00Reply


No. From November 20th to December 13th, the hall will be closed for the preparation of National Memorial Day.
Asked by KAZUKI YAMAMOTO from JAPAN | Nov. 28, 2016 08:35Reply
Is XI Jinping coming on 13 December 2016 to have a ceremony?
Last year I visited before one week of 13 December 2015, the memorial hall was shut. And I have watched the speech on that day. Which year has he come and how about this year?
Answers (1)
Answered by Lee from GERMANY | Nov. 29, 2016 00:58
00Reply


I am afraid that Xi Jinping will not come to the ceremony this year. He attended the ceremony in 2014, and launched a speech. :)
Asked by KC Recto from PHILIPPINES | Oct. 16, 2016 06:53Reply
Is the Nanjing Memorial Hall open on December 30 to January 1?
Im planning to go to Nanking anytime from dec 29- jan 2. I'm hoping to visit the memorial while im there.
Answers (1)
Answered by Lily from USA | Oct. 18, 2016 02:32
10Reply


Yes, it will be open then!
Asked by David from UNITED KINGDOM | Aug. 12, 2015 23:48Reply
Can I bring my backpack into Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre?
I am not staying the night in the city and have only one day to visit the museum. Would it be alright to bring my backpack with me to the museum as I have no other place to store it?
Answers (1)
Answered by Iris from POLAND | Aug. 15, 2015 21:41
13Reply


I'm afraid not. All visitors have to store all their luggages.
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