Yellow Crane Tower Facts
Location: on Snake Hill in Wuhan, Hubei Province
Built in: 223 during the Three Kingdoms Period (220 - 280)
Layout: five floors
Enjoying the fame of 'The First Scenery under Heaven', Yellow Crane Tower is one of the most renowned towers south of the Yangtze River. Its cultural significance led to its being made the symbol of Wuhan City.
Yellow Crane Tower Legend
According to legend, the Yellow Crane Tower was built by the family of an old pothouse owner living in Wuhan City long ago, named Old Xin. One day, a shabbily dressed Taoist priest came to the pothouse and asked for some wine. Old Xin paid no attention to him, but his son was very kind and gave the Taoist some wine without asking for money. The Taoist priest visited the pothouse regularly for half a year when one day the Taoist said to the son that in order to repay his kindness, he would like to draw a crane on the wall of the pothouse, which would dance at his request. When people in the city heard of this, they flocked to the pothouse to see the dancing crane. The Xin family soon became rich and they built the Yellow Crane Tower as a symbol of gratitude to the Taoist priest.
History of Yellow Crane Tower
The Yellow Crane Tower has a very long and complicated history. It was first during the Three Kingdoms Period. Why was the Yellow Crane Tower built? Due to the ideal location, it was built by Sun Quan (182 - 252, King of Wu) as a watchtower for his army. After hundreds of years, its military function was gradually forgotten and the tower was enjoyed mainly as a picturesque location.
During the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), many popular poems were written in praise of the Yellow Crane Tower. It was the Yellow Crane Tower poem that made the Tower so renowned and induced for people to visit. During the following centuries, it was destroyed and rebuilt several times. During the Ming (1368 - 1644) and Qing (1644 - 1911) Dynasties alone the tower was destroyed seven times and rebuilt seven times. In 1884, it was completely destroyed in a fire and was not rebuilt until 1981.
Yellow Crane Tower Architecture
The Yellow Crane Tower had different architectural features in different dynasties. However the tower which stands today is based on the one designed during the Qing Dynasty. How tall is the Yellow Crane Tower? It stands 51.4 meters (about 168 feet) high. The appearance of the Yellow Crane Tower is the same regardless of the direction it is viewed from. The roof is covered by 100,000 yellow glazed tiles. With yellow upturned eaves, each floor seems to have been designed to resemble a yellow crane spreading its wings to fly.
What to See in Yellow Crane Tower
The Yellow Crane Tower offers visitors an abundance of things to see. The exhibit on each floor has a theme, for example, the theme of the first floor is about legend. On the wall, there is a nine-meter (about 30 feet) long and six-meter (about 20 feet) wide painted porcelain picture which depicts clouds, rivers and cranes to represent a romantic mood in the heaven. The third floor mainly shows poems written to praise the tower in different dynasties. On top of the tower, visitors are treated to a fabulous panoramic view of the Yangtze River, its bridge and the surrounding buildings in Wuhan City. Outside the Yellow Crane Tower, there are bronze yellow cranes, memorial gateways and pavilions.
How to get to Yellow Crane Tower
Take bus 10, 61, 401, 402, Trolleybus 1, 4, or 7 to Huanghelou (Yellow Crane Tower).Wuhan Bus / Metro Search
|Entrance Fee ||CNY 70; |
CNY 35 for children between 1.2 and 1.4m (3.9 - 4.6 feet);
Free for children under 1.2m.
|Ticket Hours ||Apr. - Oct.: 8:00 - 18:00 |
Nov. - Mar.: 8:00 - 17:00