Laolongtou Great Wall (Old Dragon's Head)
The magnificent Great Wall resembles a giant dragon, extending thousands of miles between western China and the eastern Bohai Sea. The easternmost section looks like a dragon drinking water from the sea, hence the name Laolongtou (Old Dragon's Head).
The Laolongtou Great Wall, three miles (five kilometers) south of Shanhaiguan, was built in 1381 under the supervision of Qi Jiguang, a general of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644). It was an important line of defense against enemies coming from both the land and the sea. After the founding of the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911), its military function faded, and it turned into a great tourist destination, attracting numerous visitors to enjoy the seascape and surrounding constructions. Even emperors were regular visitors.
Ninghai City is to the north of the Laolongtou Great Wall. Its north gate is also the main entrance to the whole scenic area. Inside the city, there are commanders' offices and a training ground, revealing past garrison life. In ordinary days, soldiers were housed and trained there. During wartime, the city became a fortress defending against enemies and also the command post for tactical maneuvers. Your visit can also include some temples and performances to enjoy.
This pavilion, at the southeast corner of Ninghai City, is a major attraction in the scenic area, leading to the Laolongtou Great Wall. It is a two-storey building built of bricks and wood. It has been a must-visit place of the whole area since the Qing Dynasty. Five emperors of that dynasty (Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, and Daoguang) were there for 12 times in total on their way to Mukden (Today's Shenyang) to worship their ancestors. Poems and inscriptions created by these emperors and renowned literature were carved on the tablets and can be seen here.
The second floor of the Chenghai Pavilion is the highest point of the whole area, providing the best view to admire the scenery. Seen from there, the Great Wall and the vast sea are closely connected with each other, and the sea joins the sky in the distance, looking like they are merged into one.
Jinglu Beacon Tower
Walking south from Chenghai Pavilion, you will come to the Jinglu Beacon Tower. It was built in 1565, and is the only beacon tower that was built above the sea.
The Estuary Stone Great Wall
Passing the Jinglu Beacon Tower, you will reach the easternmost point of this section – the Estuary Stone Great Wall, which is also the east end of the Great Wall. Built in 1579 by Wu Weizhong, a military officer of the Ming Dynasty, and renovated in 1987, the wall extends approximately 24.5 yards (22.4 meters) into the sea. It is comprised of nine layers of large strip granite blocks with a height of 30 feet (9.2 meters) in total. Of these, the fourth, fifth, and sixth layers are the original works. Setting foot on it with the waves splashing on the battlements is like you are standing on the nose of the dragon, which is cleaving through the sea and stirring up layers of white sprays.
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Sea God Temple
Reconstructed in 1988, the Sea God Temple is about 383 yards (350 meters) west of the Estuary Stone Wall, surrounded by the sea on three sides. If there is some mist or drizzle, the temple looks indistinct as if it is in a fairyland. You can see constructions like archways, the Hall of the Goddess of Heaven, and the Hall of the Sea God there. The last two are the main constructions of the temple for people to pay homage to the gods and pray for a safe voyage and a good harvest in past times. The utmost point of the Sea God Temple is the Sea-Viewing Pavilion, another viewing deck in this scenic area.
When is the Best Time to Visit?
The best time to visit this section is between May and October. Along the seaside, there is a long stretch of golden beach; it is a great resort for a summer escape in July and August to feel the unique charm of Laolongtou with the beauty of both ancient constructions and the sea.
How to Get to Laolongtou from Qinhuangdao City
Take bus no.25 to the scenic area directly.
Take bus no.35, and get off at Nanhai Village Station. Walk east along Longhai Avenue to the scenic area.
If you start from Qinhuangdao Railway Station area, you can take a train to Shanhaiguan Railway Station. A one-way trip takes about 25 minutes. Get out of the station and then take bus no.25 to get there.
How to Get There from Shanhaiguan
You can either take bus no.25 at Shanhaiguan South Gate Station, or bus no.21 at Ying'en Tower Station to go there.
|Admission Fee||May to October: CNY 50|
|November to Next April: CNY 20|
|Opening Hours||May to October: 7:00 – 18:00|
|November to Next April: 7:30 – 17:00|
Related Tour: Laolongtou-Shanhaiguan-Jiaoshan Hiking