Huizhou Local Resident Houses

 Huizhou Ancient City
 Qiankou Residence
 Chengkan Village

 Tangmo Village
 Bao's Family Garden
Hui Style Household
Huizhou Local Households

Should you become tired of the yellow tiles and red walls of the Beijing buildings or have seen too many colorful dragon and phoenix totems on the ridges of houses by way of contrast in Fujian Province, it is a good alternative to explore the Huizhou Local Residential Houses in Huangshan City, which appear as constructions of gray tiles and white walls when seen from afar.

They were built originally by the merchants from Anhui Province. In the China's past, many merchants were engaged in business across the country and in time returned home as wealthy men. In order to show their fortune and dignity, they built large residences. The two main branches of such merchants came from Shanxi and Anhui Provinces. Qiao's Compound is testimony to the achievements of a Shanxi Merchant while those of the Anhui Merchants are typified by them.

With their wide distribution and unique designs, they are considered to be the finest of ancient Chinese residences. Most of them date from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and amount to thousands widely dispersed throughout the Anhui countryside. Unlike the tradition ones facing south, the houses here face north in accordance with the popular saying that 'Merchants' gates should not face south and tax collectors' gates not face north'. They are surrounded by green mountains and blue rivers and each one is connected by a board to the other. The interiors are a world of natural beauty, where rockeries, pools and flowers abound.

The layout of them is very complicated and confusing like a labyrinth. The halls are constructed one after the other, each with a patio to collect the sunshine and to allow a refreshing breeze to pass through. The eaves have a two tier design, the lower being wider providing shelter like an umbrella. The cornice is toward to the inside, so that the rain can flow to a drain in the patio, and it is said that 'water from every direction merges into the hall' in accordance with the concept that 'Wealth should not flow outside'. The compound is surrounded by a high outer white wall, which can prevent the spread of fire. Upon entering the them, you'll find refined sculptures that are quite contrary to their outer simple and plain appearance. They contain what are referred to as the 'Three excellences of Huizhou', namely sculptures in wood, brick and stone. Almost all them have peculiar sculptures on their windows, gate and other furnishings. The carvings on the outer gates are extremely flamboyant, so as to show the wealth and status of the family.
Relief on the Wall
Relief on the Wall
Old Household
Inside Old House
Ancestral Hall
Ancestral Hall of Ye's Family
They are not only the residences of the people, but they also include the ancestral temples inside the houses. To protect their interest and status, the rich merchants would congregate and form a strict system of regulations and ideas. The ancestral temples were used as the places to punish transgressors and congeal the minds of the whole family.

Among them, Xidi Ancient Village and Hongcun Ancient Village, which are both located in Yixian County and have been listed in the World Heritage Directory, along with Shexian County are the most representative.

Travel tips: Yixian County lies at the foot of Mt. Huangshan, the transportation there is very convenient; there are many vans in Huangshan City which take only about an hour.

 Huizhou Local Residence Pictures

                                                                                                           Back: Shexian County

- Last modified on Apr. 15, 2021 -
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