Guangzhou Museum

 Zhenhai Tower
 Zhenhai Tower
Located in the Yuexiu Park in Guangzhou City (Canton),  Guangzhou Museum is a comprehensive history museum with local characteristics. Established in 1929, it is a place used for collection and exhibition of historical data and cultural relics of the city. It has two major exhibition areas – the Zhenhai Tower housing the historical relics and the Art Gallery showing many exquisite local craftworks.
 

Zhenhai Tower

The historical exhibition of Guangzhou Museum is housed in a five-story building named Zhenhai Tower (Sea Guard Tower), which dates back to 1380.  Zhenhai Tower is 28 meters (92 feet) high and 31 meters (102 feet) wide. It has been destroyed and rebuilt five times and was changed from a wooden structure to reinforced concrete in 1928. The reddish-brown bricks and grey tiles made the building primitively simple and unique. At the front of the building, there is a pair of two-meter-high stone lions in red sandstone made in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

The tower houses nearly a thousand pictures, data and other exhibits on history of the city's history. Those collections display the changes of culture, custom and city developments. Walking into it, you can see a geographical model and a diagram of the ancient Guangzhou city at the first floor. On the second floor, there are historical relics (4000 BC - 589 AD) and unearthed remains of the Neolithic Age. When you come to the third floor, you can look around the historical relics of Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The fourth floor mainly exhibits plentiful historical relics of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911). Modern Chinese cultural relics since the Opium War (1840 - 1842) are displayed on the fifth floor. Besides, there are also special showrooms at the east side of the tower where all kinds of temporary or memorable special exhibitions are often held. At the west side, there is a barbette with cannon on it and 23 ancient stone tablets.
 

The Art Gallery

To the east of the  Zhenhai Tower lies the Art Gallery. Zhongyuan Tower, the major building of the museum, was built in 1930 and imitated the architectural style of the Hall of Literary Glory in the Forbidden City in Beijing. There are two exhibition halls – one in front of the Zhongyuan Tower and the other to the east - housing steles representing masterpieces of Chinese calligraphy from the Jin Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty.
 
Cantonese Clock
Cantonese Clock
Bronze Vessel
Bronze Vessel
Glazed Kettle
Glazed Kettle
Since the end of the Ming Dynasty, Guangzhou acted as an important port for foreign trade on the marine Silk Road. Many delicate local craftworks with features of south China became more and more popular among western countries. The Art Gallery exhibits some culture relics and handicrafts showing the Chinese and Western culture exchange at that time. On the ground floor exhibits the silk, textile and embroidery artwork, which are for long the favorites of westerners. The second floor shows porcelain and a large number of Chinese paintings of various dynasties in ancient Chinese history. The painted porcelain, lacquer work and ivory carvings are on the third floor. Apart from these precious collections, there is a Paleontology Exhibition Hall to the east of the Zhongyuan Tower, displaying the Paleozoic and Mesozoic fossils and the models of the life scenes of the ancestors of human beings in the remote past.

Besides the Zhenhai Tower and the Gallery, Guangzhou Museum offers another two exhibition areas (Sanyuanli Revolution Memorial Hall and Site of Headquarters of Mar. 29 Uprising) for special interest in the city’s revolutionary history. There are also some other popular nearby spots which you can visit if you have extra time. White Cloud Mountain with great natural scenery is only 2.1 kilometers (about 1.3 miles) from the Guangzhou Museum. About 4.9 kilometers (about 3 miles) away lies the South China Botanical Garden.
 

Transportation:

How to get to Yuexiu Park:
By Bus:
1. Take buses nos. 6, 10, 36, 66, 76A, 76, 93, 184 or 185, get off at Little North Wreath Station and enter through the east gate of the park.
2. take buses nos. 5, 7, 21, 24, 42, 58A, 58, 87, 101, 103, 105, 108, 109, 110, 113, 124, 180, 182, 186, 211, 244A, 244B, 244, 256, 265, 273, 284, 519, 528, 543, 555 or 556, and get off at Yuexiu Park Station, and then enter the front gate of the park. Follow the guideboard to find the museum.
3. take buses nos. 5, 7, 42, 180, 186, 211 or 543, and get off at the intersection of North Jiefang Road, and then walk 200 meters (656 yards) and enter the west gate of the park.

By Metro:
Take metro line 2, get off at Yuexiu Park Station, get out from Exit B1 and walk around  197 yards (180 meters) toward north to find the gate of Yuexiu Park.

How to get to Sanyuanli Revolution Memorial Hall:
By Bus:
Take bus no. 60, 87, 101, 103, 187, 189, 510, 511, 702, 703, 704 or 734 and get off at Airport Road Terminus Station. Then turn back and walk around 252 yards (230 meters) to find it.

By Metro:
Take metro line 2, get off at Sanyuanli Station and get out from Exit B. Then walk around 547 yards (500 meters) from Guangyuan West Road to Guangyuan Middle Road to find the memorial hall.

How to get to Site of Headquarters of Mar. 29 Uprising:
Take bus no. 6 or 185 and get off at Yuehua Road Station. Then walk about 219 yards (200 meters) toward east to find it on your left.
 Guangzhou Bus / Metro Search
 
Admission Fee CNY 10 ( Zhenhai Tower and Art Gallery);
CNY 25 for a combo ticket including Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King and Guangzhou Museum.
* Visitors can visit the museum for free on Wednesday of the third week in each month as well as the second Saturday of June (National Cultural Heritage Day).

 The admission fee for Zhenhai Tower and Art Gallery decreases to CNY 8 during 2016 Spring Festival Holiday (Feb. 7 to 13), May Day Holiday (May 1 to 3) and National Day Holiday (Oct. 1 to 7).
Opening Hours Zhenhai Tower: 09:00 - 17:30 (stop entering at 17:00)
Art Gallery: 9:00 - 11:30, 13:00 - 17:30 (Close on Mondays and legal holidays)
Sanyuanli Revolution Memorial Hall: 9:00 – 12:00, 13:30 – 17:00 (Closed on Mondays and legal holidays)
Site of Headquarters of Mar. 29 Uprising: 9:00 – 12:00, 13:30 – 17:00 (Close on Sundays, Mondays and legal holidays)
Guide Service The museum offers English guide service at a price of CNY 60 for less than 30 persons (CNY 4 for every extra person).

 Other museum in Guangzhou:  Guangdong Museum

 Nearby Attractions:
 Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King

 Yuexiu Park

 Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall

 Bright Filial Piety Temple