Code: JT04

Follow Jewish Footprint in Harbin

Stroll along the streets in Harbin and you will see a large amount of European-style architecture. Accidentally, some old houses with six-ray stars on remind you that once there were a crowd of Jewish people lived in this land.
Inscription of tribute from Jewish people
Over a century ago when Harbin was only a small fishing village, with the construction of the Middle East Railway, a group of Jewish people, came to this city for a new life by following other European immigrants. They made indelible contribution to the development of Harbin. Surviving from dramatic changes in the recent one hundred years, many cultural relics related to their daily life have been luckily retained, such as the Jewish Community, Harbin New Synagogue, Harbin Jewish History and Culture Exhibition and Huangshan Jewish Cemetery.

Jewish Hospital - In 1920, there were about 20,000 Jews who settled down in Harbin City, and many of whom suffered from all kinds of illness. Therefore, Harbin Jewish Community initiated a relief society to help the poor and the sick. A lot of doctors joined in this society. They actively carried free medical treatment activities. In 1933, based on this society, the Jewish Hospital was started to be built. The patients they received were not only Jews but also included other nationalities. According to statistics, the number of sufferers they rescued has reached 26,200 in 1935. Now the hospital has been developed into Harbin Eye Hospital, located in Xiwudao Street, Daoli District.
Madieer Hotel - Located in the Central Street in Harbin, Madieer Hotel is a glorious and romantic building. Opened in 1913, it is the most luxurious multi-functional hotel in that period. During a hundred years of time, it received many celebrities from all circles, including Song Qingling, the wife of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Puyi, the last emperor in Chinese history, the great painter Xu Beihong, and Guo Moruo, the famous writer and historian. In March 1936, the Russian singer Shalyapin stayed in this hotel during his performance in Harbin. In recent years, Madieer Hotel has passed the national four-star evaluation and reached the international standard of management. It becomes more and more notable at home and abroad.
The living scene of Jewish people in China
Huameixi Restaurant - Started in 1925, it was built by a Russian Jew. Originally it only occupied a business area of over 84 square yards and mainly sold western food and snacks with Russian flavor. In 1957, it moved to the Central Street, and increased its business place to 335 square yards. Now, after several times of reform, decoration and extension, it has become an elegantly and luxuriously furnished restaurant covering an area of 1,017 square yards. The first floor has the distinctive style of modern European pubs. The second floor follows the “The Kremlin Style” of the Soviet Moscow and the third floor is the expression of the modern manner of Russia.

Huangshan Jewish Cemetery - Set up in 1903, it is the largest and the best-preserved Jewish Cemetery in the Far East. Here, the deceased were totally buried according to the Hebrew Scriptures. The tombstones are not limited to one style, but all reflect the cultural features of the Jewish People. This holy land buries the relatives of the Leah Rabin, the former prime minister of Israel, which reflects their deep affection to Harbin, the land once they lived in.
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