Sanmenxia Travel Guide
Chinese Name: 三门峡市 (sān mén xiá shì)
Area: 10,496 square kilometers (4,053 square miles)
Location: in the west of Henan Province, east-central China
Administrative Division: 2 districts (Hubin, Shanzhou); 2 counties (Mianchi, Lushi); 2 county-level cities (Yima, Lingbao)
Area Code: 0398
Zip Code: 472000
GDP (2018): CNY 152.812 billion (USD 23.094 billion)
Highlighting Sanmenxia Dam & Hangu Pass
Located in the west of Henan Province, Sanmenxia City is seated at the convergence of the Henan, Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces. Within the province, it neighbors Luoyang to the east and Nanyang to the south. The city is also bounded on the west by Shangluo and Weinan of Shaanxi Province. Sanmenxia is a rising city for the construction of Sanmenxia Dam, the first dam of the Yellow River. It is 30 km (18.6 miles) away from the city and shows the grandest Yellow River and Sanmen Canyon scenery. With profound historical and cultural accumulation, Sanmenxia is one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. The most well-known culture originated from here is Yangshao Culture from 5,000 to 7,000 years ago, which is the representative culture of the late Neolithic Cultures and features exquisite colorful potteries. Hangu Pass, one of the earliest great fortresses in Chinese history, has guarded this city for more than 2,000 years, becoming a famous Sanmenxia attraction. From winter to the early spring, Sanmenxia always welcomes Siberian friend white swans, attracting numerous tourists.
Sanmenxia Attractions - Things to Do
It is a famous Taoist site located in Yuling Town of Lingbo City. The Yawu Mountain scenic area is the largest natural reserve of Henan, and its main peak is the highest point in the province. Large temple fair will be held every June. Main sights include precipitous peaks and mountain pass, as well as some grand Taoist buildings, like Nantian Gate, Yuhuang Hall, Tianyi Palace and so on.
Other Scenic Spots: Baolunsi Pagoda (one of the four famous old echo architectures in China)
How to get to Sanmenxia
Trains from Zhengzhou and Luoyang to Xi'an all stop in Sanmenxia. The Lanzhou-Liangyungang Railway runs west-east through the city. It only takes three hours by high speed train to go to Xi'an from the city. Sanmenxia has two railway stations: Sanmenxia Railway Station in Xiaoshan Dong Lu of the Hubin District and the West Station in Qinhan Road of Shanxian County.
See more Ningbo - Sanmenxia Train, Shanghai to Sanmenxia Train
The local Long-Distance Bus Station is located in the east section of Xiaoshan Lu. The city is a little over an hour's drive from Luoyang.
When to Go: spring and autumn
Sanmenxia Travel Tips
History: According to the legend, Yu the Great, the ancient hero of controlling torrential flood in prehistoric time, slipped up the high mountain into three gorges. Hence the city gained its name of Sanmenxia (three gate gorges). As an important headstream of Chinese civilization, it was the central region of the Xia (21st - 16th century BC) and Shang (16th - 11th century BC) dynasties. Shanxian was established in the northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), part of the northern Dynasty (186-581), and continued into the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Physical Features: Sanmenxia City is situated in the hilly area of western Henan Province with mountains and hills making up over ninety percent of the city's total territory. Mountain ranges fall and rise, forming gullies all over the city.
Special Local Products: apricot, apple and jujube of Lingbao City, black fungus and Chinese gooseberry of Lushi County, dried persimmon of Yingchi County