Ulanqab Travel Guide
Area: 55,000 square kilometers (10,425 square miles)
Nationalities: Mongol, Han
Location: Located in the central region of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Ulanqab / Wulanchabu City borders Hebei Province in the east and Shanxi Province in the south. Within Inner Mongolia, it neighbors Xilingol League (Meng) in the northeast and the capital city of the autonomous region, Hohhot in the west. In the north, it shares a boundary with Outer Mongolia.
Administrative Division: 1 district (Jining); 5 counties (Zhuozi, Huade, Shangdu, Xinghe, Liangcheng); 4 qis (Qahar Youyi Qian, Qahar Youyi Zhong, Qahar Youyi Hou, Siziwang); 1 county-level city (Fengzhen)
Note: Qi (or Banner) is a county-level administrative organ in Inner Mongolia's political divisions. League or Meng is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia consisting of several qis (or banners).
Seat of the City Government: Wulanchabu Street, Jining District
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0474-8221074, 8320245
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: Guangming Jie, Jining District
China Post: 6, San Ma Lu, Jining District
Ulanqab Attractions - Things to Do
Among the lakes, Daihai Lake is like a shining pearl inlaid in Ulanqab, and is the third largest freshwater lake in Inner Mongolia. There are many relics and ruins of fossils, villages and ancient towns, as well as parts of the ancient Great Wall and tombs around the lake. It is only four hours' drive from Beijing and an hour from Datong in Shanxi.
How to Get to/around Ulanqab
1. By air: Ulanqab is both easy to get to and to leave due to its accessibility to several surrounding airports which are all connected by expressways. The seat of the city's government, Jining District, is about 150 kilometers (93 miles) or about 1.5 hours from Hohhot Baita Airport, 300 kilometers (186 miles) or three hours from Baotou Airport, and 360 kilometers (224 miles) or four hours from Beijing Capital International Airport. Additionally, Datong Airport is 120 kilometers (75 miles) from the city and Taiyuan Wusu Airport can be reached in about five hours.
2. By train: There are also five railway lines that pass through Ulanqab City. Erenhot (Erlianhaote), Baotou, and Tongliao in Inner Mongolia, Junggur Basin in Xijiang and Beijing can all be reached from Ulanqab by train. Ulanqab Railway Station operates international lines to Ulan Bator and Moscow.
3. By bus/highway: Dandong-Lhasa Expressway, the Erenhot-Hekou (Yunnan Province) and the Hohhot-Hailaer Expressway all run through the city. It takes approximately four hours to drive there from the international inland port of Erenhot, which is an important stop on the passage to Outer Mongolia.
When to Go: It is chilly in winter and cool in summer in Ulanqab. Summer and autumn are the most favorable seasons to pay a visit.
Ulanqab Travel Tips
History: During the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC), Ulanqab was jointly governed by Zhao State and the Hun. The Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC) brought it into its territory. Later, during the times of war after the national subjugation of the Qin, the Huns occupied most of this area. They founded their supreme organ of authority in present Siziwang Qi. During the hundreds of years since the Song Dynasty (960-1279), several ethnic minorities of Northern China have gone to live there. It was formally named Wulanchabu in the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Physical Features: The Daqing Mountain stretches through the central region of Ulanqab with its offshoots zigzagging in southeast of the city. From the north to the south of Ulanqab, there are several landform types including plateaus, hills, mountains and loess hills.
Special Local Products: Jining leather product, Fengzhen black jade, Zhuozishan smoked chicken