Changji Travel Guide
|Cultural Relics in Local Museum|
Full Name: Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese Name: 昌吉回族自治州 (chāng jí huí zú zì zhì zhōu)
Location: Situated in the center of Xinjiang, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture is bounded on the east by Urumqi and Hami in neighborhood of Turpan in the south, while Mongolia lies to the northeast of the prefecture.
Population : 1,700,000
Area: 73,660 square kilometers (28,440 square miles)
Nationalities: Hui, Han
Administrative Division: four counties (Hutubi, Manas, Qitai, Jimsar); one autonomous county (Mori Kazak Autonomous County); two county-level cities (Changji, Fukang)
Seat of the Prefecture Government: No.10, North Yan'an Road
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0994-2042044, 2350280
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: No.2, East Ningbian Road
China Post: No.2, North Yan'an Road
Heavenly Lake, like a silver mirror, lies in the valleys below Bogda Peak, and was included into the Bogda Biosphere Reserve in 1990. The lake water is supplied by the melting ice and snow running off the surrounding peaks, and remains cold even in midsummer. Consequently, the lake is a well-known summer resort for the people of Xinjiang.
Bogda Peak: It is the highest peak in the eastern part of the Tianshan Mountain range. Situated in the south of Fukang County it has an altitude of 5,445 meters (17,864 feet). The distances as the crow flies, from the peak to Urumqi and the Fukang county seat, are 60 and 49 kilometers (37 and 31 miles) respectively. It is one of the fifteen peaks of Xinjiang open to tourists.
There are two optional routes for the climb to Bogda Peak.
Route one: Tianchi Lake – Xiao Donggoukou – Da Dongkoukou – Sangecha Daban – Bogda Peak
Route two: Sigonghe – Lixing Daban – Bogda Peak
Multicolored Bay (or Five Colored Bend): It is located in the north of Jimusar County, Changji Autonomous District, in the Gurbantunggut Desert. Covering an area of 3 sq kilometers (1.2 square miles), it has a typical wind erosion physiognomy and is believed to be the most beautiful one of its kind in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Various colors in the bay account for its name. It is multicolored because of the burning of coal. Once a thick coal seam was formed under this area, and millions of years later, the coal seam was exposed and then burned by lightening and sunlight. Sintered rocks having different mineral substances piled up and this hilly area became multicolored with reddish brown as its main hue. Hills and rocks of Multicolored Bay have various shapes. Using imagination, you will find some look like pythons, while others resemble lions, ladies and pagodas. One of the hills is like a beauty wearing colorful clothes, while the hill snuggling up to it looks like a girl.Visitors are advised to spend a night in Multicolored Bay. Responding to changes of sunlight, Multicolored Bay presents different scenery at different times. At noon, the bay is extremely hot as if the big fire extinguished for tens of thousands of years is rekindled. The colors of the hills generally become lighter in the direct rays of sunlight. The whole bay is like a nebulous picture, kindling everyone’s boundless imagination. At nightfall, Multicolored Bay becomes bright and colorful. The glowing sky blends well with the colored bay. The whole bay seems lit by the sun, and starts burning again. In the morning sun, the bay is enveloped in colored ribbons. To be in it is like a sweet dream.
Multicolored Bay not only has an impressive landscape, but also abounds in oil, gold, agate, iron, zinc and other mineral deposits. Wild asses, pheasants and other animals live in the vegetated area.
Other Scenic Spots: Mori Euphrates Popular Forest
How to Get to Changji
Changji is 38 kilometers (24 miles) from downtown Urumqi and 18 kilometers (11 miles) from Urumqi International Airport. Changji Railway Station is located 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) south of its city proper. In addition, the prefecture's central bus station is located in Wuyi Lu.
Basking in a continental climate, the prefecture has characteristically dry weather with great temperature variations between day and night. To the south, there are the obvious climatic features of the mountains, while to the north there is the typical climate of a dry desert. The average annual temperature is 6.8℃ (44.2℉). The transitional spring and autumn seasons between summer and winter, are short. Summer and autumn are the best seasons to visit the Prefecture. By avoiding the burning sun at noon, the summer here can be refreshing.
Changji Travel Tips:
History: China's central government of the day extended its sphere of influence to Changji with the establishment of the Protectorate of the West Region (Xiyu Duhufu) in 60BC during the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD). In 1884, a province was set up to administrate Xinjiang, and this area belonged to Dihua Fu.
Physical Features: The prefecture lies at the foot of the Tianshan Mountains on the southeastern edge of the immense desert in the Junggar Basin. The terrain in which Changji is situated inclines to the south and is part of the hinterland of Asia.
Local Highlights: Hua'er refers to the most popular folk songs of the Hui people. These are native to the area around Ningxia, Gansu and Qinghai province and later included Changji. The irregularly held folk song festivals attract the participation of many local singers. Corban Festival and Ramadan Festival are the festivals for the Uygur, Kazak, Hui and many other ethnic minorities who are followers of Islam.
Special Local Products: Melons, hops, grapes, Fernle mushrooms, roast lamb, roast whole sheep, hand-made yellow noodle