Kumul (Hami) Travel Guide

Kumul Map

Hami Facts

Chinese Name: 哈密 (hā mì)
Population: 557,600
Area: 142,100 square kilometers (54,865 square miles)
Location: in the east of Xinjiang, northwest China
Administrative Division: 1 autonomous county (Barkol Kazak Autonomous County); 1 county (Araturuk); 1 city (Hami)
Area Code: 0902
Zip Code: 839000
GDP (2019): CNY 60.482 billion (USD 8.767 billion)
Nationalities: Kazak, Han, Uygur, Hui

Home of Sweet Hami Melons

Hami is located in the eastern end of Xinjiang, neighboring Gansu to the east, and the Inner Mongolia to the south. It shares a 587 kilometers (365 miles) boundary with Mongolia. Hami is famous for the sweet, crisp and nutritious Hami melons. The big temperature difference between day and night, rich sunlight and the sandy soil provide excellent growth conditions for Hami melon.

The majestic Tianshan Mountains traverse the whole Hami, forming two different temperature zones in the south and north of the mountain. In the north of the mountain is the high mountains, amazing glaciers and vast forest sea while in the south is the famous Barkol Prairie and Mingsha Mountain (Echo Sand Mountain). The Yardang landform of Devil City in southern Hami is also striking. About historic attractions, Barkol Ancient City and Hami Hui King Palace can be given priority to visit.


 Barkol Lake:  Around 18 km (7 mi) from the northwest of Barkol Kazak Autonomous County, the Barkol Lake is an alpine lake with an altitude of 1,585 m (5,200 feet). It is surrounded by rolling hills and exuberant grassland. Covering an area of 112.15 sq km (about 43.3 sq mi), the oval lake is about 20 km (12.4 mi) long from north to south and about 9 km (5.6 mi) wide from east to west. It is divided into east and west parts by a sand bank. The east part is a far-reaching azure lake which slightly ripples in the winds and the west part is a vast expanse of salt fields, which is the famous salt lake in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

In summer, many white tents, herders, melodious songs, flocks and herds gather around the beautiful lake, presenting a tranquil picturesque view. The clear blue lake mirrors the snow-capped Tianshan Mountains and white clouds, adding beauty and charming to each other.

There is a beautiful story about the Barkol Lake. A Han girl and a Kazak young man named Pu Lei Hai fought together against a mountain devil who wanted to destroy the azure lake. Finally the girl became a stone under the Jianshan Mountain and the young man sank in the lake with the devil.They sacrificed themselves to bring peace to the people. In memory of them, people call the springs of Jianshan Mountain Springs of Han Girl and the lake is called Pu Lei Hai, namely the Barkol Lake. 

 Devil City: The name ‘Devil City’ is given by Mongolian and Kazak sheepherders in this area, because horrific and roaring gale often happens in the grotesque hills. In fact, it is a Yardang landform formed through millions of years of wind erosion. After the ancient lake dried, the ground erodes forming a series of parallel ridges and grooves. The mounds seem like ancient castles, palaces, pagodas, towers, animals and birds. The stunning spectacle attracts many tourists at home and abroad.

The ecological attraction, taking Aisi Kaixiar Anicent Post Stall as the center, includes four major scenic areas: East City, South City, West City and North City. The ancient castle, Goddess Peak, Thousand Buddha Mountain, and Colorful Stone Beach are the major scenic spots in East City. For the ancient castle, the adobe color is very similar to that of the natural environment, so it is difficult to find it. The ruined castle walls still contain peep holes for defense and observation. Many mauve tiles in different sizes can be found in the ruins. The Colorful Stone Beach is like a kaleidoscope of gorgeous colors. Some stones are blood-red and some look like white jade.

Sphinx-like site, Golden Mausoleum Stone Tiger, and ancient Populus Euphratica forest are the major ones in South City. West City mainly includes Heavenly Gate Cave, Twin-Tower Peak, and Stone Mushroom Beach and the North City present Double-Head Horse, Divine Tortoise in “Vast Sea”, Aisi Kaixiar Ancient Town and Rose Willow Beach. 

 Further reading: There is another Devil City in Xinjiang due to the similar Yardang landform. It is the Ghost Town of World, around 100km (62mi) from Karamay city. 

 Other Scenic Spots: Hill with Strange Rocks, Singing Sand Mountain (Mingshashan)

How to Get to Kumul

Buses to Urumqi, Jiuquan and Dunhuang usually depart Kumul beginning at 7:00am in the summer and 8:00am in the winter. Visitors can also easily find buses to Turpan. Occasionally, busses also run to Mongolia.

See more Kumul to Urumqi Train



The area enjoys a typical temperate continental climate. The weather is dry and seldom rainy. Northern parts are cool in summers, filled with vast grasslands. The southern Kumul Basin is dry, with a temperature that varies greatly between day and night. August and September are the best times to visit Kumul, when it experiences cool weather and local fruits are in season. 

Kumul Travel Tips

 History: Kumul Prefecture was called Yiwu throughout the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), and Yizhou during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). It is believed that the county was initially established in the year 327, during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. After the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it gained its present name - Hami, also Kumul.

 Physical Features: This area has elevated terrain in its center and lower terrain to the north and south. The Eastern Tianshan Mountains are located in its northern portion, while deserts comprise its eastern and western regions. The central land is made up of a flourishing oasis. The Tianshan Mountains traverse the region and divide Kumul into its southern oasis and northern river valley and prairie.

 Local Highlights: Traditional Moslem festivals: Noruz Festival (the ninth month of Hui calendar), Corban Festival (70 days after the Noruz)

 Special Local Products: Hami Melon, Cotton, Grapes

- Last updated on Jul. 18, 2022 -
Questions & Answers on Kumul (Hami) Travel
Asked by Josh from CANADA | Jul. 30, 2018 04:33Reply
How much is the private car to Devil City from the train station and back?
Are there public buses that go to the Devil City? How long is the trip for either one?

Answers (1)
Answered by Bowen from USA | Jul. 30, 2018 20:27

The fare is about CNY 300 and there is no public transportation. It takes about 2 hours.
Asked by Tania from CHINA | Sep. 29, 2016 14:31Reply
Is there any public transport or otherwise tours to Hami Devil city?
I would like to visit Devil City sometime in October, and also Barkol Lake. Are there any tours going there or is public transport available to these places?
Thanks in advance.
Answers (1)
Answered by Rose from USA | Sep. 30, 2016 04:23

Yes, you can take a bus to Barkol from Hami Passenger Transport Station. Upon arrival, take a taxi to the lake. The Devil City is located at Wubao Town. You can charter a car to get there.

Or, you can join a local tour to these places. Have fun! :)
Asked by Will from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 20, 2014 11:55Reply
Kumul to Dunhuang
Hello - can you tell me how regularly buses run from Hami to Dunhuang? Many thanks.

Answers (3)
Answered by Tom from SWAZILAND | Jun. 20, 2014 21:48

Hi, at Hami Nanjiao Bus Station, I remember three buses are scheduled to Dunhuang every day and they usually leave in the early morning. It takes around 5 hours to arrive.
Answered by Will from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 30, 2014 09:02

Many thanks, Tom -- do you happen to know if it's necessary to book tickets in advance? Or can you just get one at the bus station?

Answered by Richard from USA | Jun. 30, 2014 21:58

It is necessary to book the tickets in advance. Here is the number of the south bus station: 0902-2389888 and you may try to contact to consult.
Asked by Geoff from ENGLAND | Jan. 29, 2013 04:19Reply
Please can you tell me the zip code for Kumul
Answers (1)
Answered by Tom | Jan. 30, 2013 02:53

It is 839000.
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