Bozhou Travel Guide
Chinese Name: 亳州市 (bó zhōu shì)
Area: 8,374 square kilometers (3,233 square miles)
Location: in the northwest of Anhui, eastern China
Administrative Division: 1 district (Qiaocheng); 3 counties (Guoyang, Mengcheng, Lixin)
Area Code: 0558
Zip Code: 236800
GDP (2018): CNY 127.72 billion (USD 19.30 billion)
Bozhou is situated within the northwest of Anhu, neighboring Henan to the west and north. Within the province, it is bordered by Fuyang on the southwest, Huaibei and Bengbu on the east and by Huainan on the southwest. As one of the birthplaces of the ancient Chinese culture, Bozhou had human beings’ traces as early as in the Neolithic age. Settled half of the top 100 Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises make Bozhou the capital of the world's traditional Chinese medicine. Among the three major tourism areas in Anhui, Bozhou is one of the cultural tourism areas. The Underground Tunnel is reputed as the underground Great Wall. The Opera-Performing Stage and Huazu An built for commemorating the ancient famous Doctor Huatuo are also worthy of visiting.
The Underground Tunnel is in the old city zone. It was built by the General Cao Cao during the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), reputed as the underground Great Wall, the brick, clay and wood tunnels stretch around the Dayushou.
As a top choice for Bozhou travel, the Opera-Performing Stage (Hua Xi Lou) is an engraved drama stage of the Great Guandi Temple built especially for opera performing in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The wooden stage is famous for the exquisite engraved and colored patterns. In an effort to preserve the stage visitors are prohibited from standing on the stage.
Huazu An (Huazu Nunnery) in the southeast of the city center, was first established during the Tang and Song dynasties to commemorate Huatuo, an experienced and skilled doctor who is the father of surgery in China. Huatuo was responsible for creating powder for anesthesia more than 1,600 years ago and Wuqin Xi (Medical Exercise Imitating Movements of Five Animals) for health protection.
Other Scenic Spots: Taiqing Palace
It is close to the railway hub of Anhui Province, Bengbu, where visitors can change trains to many other large cities. The Beijing-Kowloon Railway passes through it, and it is about five hours' drive from Beijing to the city. Trains to Shanghai, Hangzhou and Wenzhou are also available at the station. The railway station is found in the south of the city center. City buses No. 1, 3, 7, 13, 15 and 16 will take visitors to the station.
Its long-distance bus station in Weiwu Da Dao of Qiaocheng District offers interprovincial and intercity buses. This is a convenient way to travel from this city to three other cities (Fuyang, Bengbu and Huaibei) in northern Anhui. Buses depart every twenty to sixty minutes.
Bozhou Airport will start to build in 2019 and operate in 2022. Passengers can first transfer at Fuyang Xiguan Airport or Xuzhou Guanyin International Airport, then take the train or intercity bus and arrive at Bozhou City.
Bozhou bears a warm temperate monsoon semi-humid climate. Obviously affected by the monsoon, the weather of the city is generally moderate. It has enough sunlight, moderate rainfall and four clear seasons. Showers of rain become common during June to August and its annual average temperature remains around 14.5℃ (58.1℉).
When to Go: The best time to travel is spring and autumn or the transition period from summer to autumn.
Bozhou Travel Tips
Physical Features: It is situated in the south end of the Huanghuai (Yellow River and Huaihe River) Plain. The terrain is flat, and on the whole, gently slopes from the northwest to the southeast though there are few small hills in its eastern region.
Special Local Products: Gujing Gongjiu (Gujing Tribute Liquor), herbs, walnut, pear, black pottery, clay figure and paper-cutting are common products within the region
Local Highlights: It was one of the four medicine capitals of China and the hometown of Huatuo, (about 145-208) one of the most notable doctors in Chinese history.