Jingzhou, or Jiangling City, is an ancient city in the south-central part of Hubei Province and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. In Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770 BC-221 BC), it was the capital city of Chu State for over 400 years and the cradle of Chu culture. Because of its strategic location, many battles were fought here during the Three Kingdoms Period (220 - 280). In 1982, the Chinese State Council named Jingzhou as one of the 24 famous historical and cultural cities.
|City Wall of Jingzhou|
The wall has three parts: inner earth city, middle brick city and outer water city. Measuring 30 feet high, the city wall has 1,567 battlements and 28 emplacements. The water city is the moat of the city wall and its first line of defense. Seven miles long, 33 yards wide and 13 feet deep, the moat connects Tai Lake in the west to the Grand Canal in the east. A boat can sail from here to Wuhan.
Among China's seven ancient city walls, the City Wall here is rated as the second best. Compared with other famous city walls such as that in Nanjing and Shanxi, the wall is the largest and best preserved.
|Bronze Vessels in the museum|
Relics of Three Kingdoms
As Jingzhou was the battle-field during the Three Kingdoms Period, many relics found here are related to this period. Romance of the Three Kingdoms, one of the four classic Chinese novels, is still very popular here and was written based on the history and stories of this period.