How to Choose China Train Ticket Types?
On bullet/ high speed trains (C, D, G trains): first class seat, second class seat, business class seat, VIP seat, soft sleeper, deluxe soft sleeper, high speed sleepers;
On non-bullet trains (Z, T, K, Y, K, S types): hard sleeper, soft sleeper, deluxe soft sleeper, hard seat, soft seat
First class seats and second class seats on China trains are the first choice for a trip less than five hours, while soft sleepers and hard sleepers are highly recommended for a long or overnight journey.
Seat Classes on High Speed Trains
There are sleeper classes available on a few overnight D types: the soft sleeper class has four bunks in a compartment, while the deluxe soft sleeper has two bunks. Also, the high speed sleepers are newly adopted, with bunks arranged towards the train;s moving direction.
They are available on G and certain D types. They are as comfortable as those in the first class carriages, with two on one side and one on the other. The fare is higher than the first class and about twice of the second class. Besides the above seats, there are Soft Sleepers and Deluxe Soft Sleepers on a few overnight D trains.
High Speed Sleepers
Double-deck high speed sleepers are newly adopted on D311 and D312 running along Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway. The sleepers are arranged at two sides of the carriage in accordance with the train’s moving direction to enable a more comfortable ride. Each sleeper has a socket, a headlamp, a reading lamp, an independent desk, and a coat rack. A curtain is also provided for privacy. The height between the upper berth and the roof is tall enough for passengers to sit straight. The luggage can be placed below the lower berth. Each train has 16 carriages, accommodating 880 passengers at one time.
This is a kind of prepaid card used for taking some high speed trains. There are two kinds of them, one without discount applicable widely and one with discount only applicable to Beijing-Tianjin Inter-city High Speed Railway. Both have two types, golden pass for taking first class seat and silver pass for second class seat.
Usually colored blue, red or green, they are identified by Z/T/K/L/Y/S plus digits or just several digits without letters. They run at a lower speed than high speed types, but they run day and night. The facilities are generally of a lower standard, e.g. the toilets are mostly squatting ones. With relatively lower prices, they are often the choice of budget travelers.
Seat Classes on Normal Trains
Try to avoid traveling by a seat during peak seasons like the Chinese New Year and the National Holiday, for the seat carriages are overcrowded.
Special Ticket Types
Standing Room Tickets
Standing Room Tickets are issued only after all the above tickets are sold out. Passengers holding these tickets are only allowed in the hard seat carriages, standing along the aisle or at the end of a carriage. The fare is the same as that of a hard seat.
1. Children under 3.9 feet (1.2 meters) and accompanied by an adult can travel for free. They do not have their own seat or bunk but share one with the adult. However, if a seat is required, it can be purchased at half the full fare; whereas that of a hard/soft sleeper is the full price minus half of the hard/soft seat fare (about 75% of the full price).
If there are two or more children under 3.9 feet in height, only one child enjoys a free ride and the others have to pay for child tickets.
2. Children between 3.9 feet and 4.9 feet (1.5 meters) have to pay. The fare for a seat is half of the full fare and the child has his/her own seat. If the child takes a hard/soft sleeper and shares a bunk with the adult, the fare is still half of the hard/soft seat. However, to have his/her own bunk, the fare will be the full fare of the hard/soft sleeper minus half the fare of the hard/soft seat (about 75% of the full price).
These are only for Chinese college students. Foreign students cannot buy them.
Platform tickets are for people seeing off or picking up friends and relatives and costs CNY 1 - 2. However, to reduce congestion and ensure safety, many stations have stopped selling platform tickets. Instead, a card will be issued only to those really in need.
Note: The above introductions do not apply to international trains from/ to China.
China Train Types
|High Speed Type|
|G - High Speed||Usually 300 km/h (186 mph); |
The newest type "Fuxinghao": 350 km/h (217 mph)
|Fastest of all; |
Run long distances between large cities;
|D - Electric Multiple |
|250 km/h (155 mph)||Run for long / middle distances; |
A few run overnight.
|C - Intercity EMU||200 km/h (124 mph )||Run for short distances between two nearby cities.|
|Z - Direct Express||160 km/h (99 mph)||Run directly to destinations none stop or with a few stops at large stations.|
|T - Express||140 km/h (87 mph)||Limited stops at large stations.|
|K - Fast||120 km/h (75 mph)||More stops at middle and large stations.|
|Ordinary Fast||120 km/h (75 mph)||Identified with four digits starting with 1, 2, 4 or 5; |
Stop frequently along the way.
|Ordinary||100 km/h (62 mph)||Indentified with four digits beginning with 6, 7, 8 or 9; |
Stop at almost every station along the way.
|L - Temporary||100 km/h (62 mph)||Operate only during the peak travel time, such as Chinese New Year and National Holiday; |
Great possibility of delays.
|Y - Tourism||100 km/h (62 mph)||Usually run during peak travel seasons; |
Destinations are popular tourism cities.
|S - Suburban||100 km/h (62 mph)||Used for commuting between the city center and the suburban area in some cities.|
|Steam Train||20 km/h (12.4 mph)||Powered by steam engine; |
Available only in mountainous area of Jiayang Mining Region in Leshan, Sichuan.