Home / Train /

China High Speed Train (Bullet Train)

China high speed trains, also known as bullet or fast trains, can reach a top speed of 350 km/h (217 mph).

Over 2,800 pairs of bullet trains numbered by G, D or C run daily connecting over 550 cities in China and covering 33 of the country's 34 provinces. Beijing-Shanghai high speed train link the two megacities 1,318 km (819 mi) away in just 4.5 hours.

By 2019, China keeps the world's largest high speed rail (HSR) network with a length totaling over 35,000 km (21,750 mi). The world's longest HSR line, Beijing - Hong Kong High Speed Railway, extends 2,440 km (1,516 mi).

Top China High Speed Train Travel Routes:

Why travel by high speed trains?

1. Fast:

The present operational speed of China trains high speed type is 200-350 km/h (124-217 mph), greatly shortening the travel time. The duration from Beijing to Shanghai has been shortened from 15 hours to about 4.5 hours.

2. Punctual:

Different from flights, they are less influenced by weather or traffic control, hence able to arrive on time.

3. Convenient:

HSR trains are scheduled more frequently than normal ones and many of the high speed railway stations are reachable by subway, making a rail journey much more convenient than before.

4. Reasonablely priced:

Although China high speed train tickets generally cost more than a non-bullet train ticket, it is still cheaper than a flight ticket most of the time. From Beijing to Shanghai, a soft sleeper non-bullet rail ticket costs around CNY500, a second class seat China high speed rail ticket costs around CNY550, while the full airfare of an economy class is over CNY1,000.

5. Comfortable:

The carriages are much better equipped than the old-generation carriages, and rival the facilities of an airplane. The seats are wider and softer, the windows are bigger, and the washrooms are cleaner…

6. Safe:

The fast trains are operated by advanced technological communication systems to ensure passengers' safety to the uttermost.

Tickets on bullet trains are generally divided into four types - second class seat, first class seat, business class seat, and VIP seat. On a few overnight D trains, sleepers are provided, and sometimes standing room tickets are available when all seats are sold out. On some short inter-city HSR lines, China Rail Pass is available, which is a prepaid card for self-service check-in at a railway station.
Second Class Seat First Class Seat
Business Class Seat Seats Difference

China High Speed Train Types

The types mainly include the popularized Hexiehao and the new type Fuxinghao. 

Hexiehao (CRH)  Fuxinghao (CR)
Top Speed 300 km/h (186 mph) 300-350 km/h (186-217 mph)
Appearance Silver or white with blue belt Silver with red belt, or white with golden belt
Space 370 cm high; narrower legroom 405 cm high; wider legroom
Electrical Socket Standard type under the seats Standard and USB types beside the seats
Wifi Partially available Available on all
Types in Service CRH380A, CRH380B, CRH2, CRH3C… numbered by G, D or C CR400AF & CR400BF numbered by G or C

Facilities on these highballs are of high standard, similar to those on an airplane. The seats can be rotated towards the moving direction; the seatback can be adjusted to a wanted angle; each passenger is offered a foldable small table; electrical sockets are available; and it is even possible to use Wi-Fi.

More High Speed Railway Maps

Since the earliest high speed rail line, Beijing - Tianjin Inter-City High Speed Rail Line opened in 2008, China has developed a dense high speed railway network reaching 35,000 km (21,750 mi), accounting for 2/3 of the world's high-speed rail tracks.

There are mainly four north-south and four east-west trunk lines, and some inter-city lines, greatly shortening the travel time within China.

According to the plan, the high speed rail will reach 38,000 km (23,600 mi) by 2025. The network will include eight north-south and eight east-west trunk lines, linking all the big and medium-sized cities with a population of 500,000.

Major High Speed Rail Lines

Line Open Date Length (km) Speed (km/h)
300 - 350
Beijing-Guangzhou 2012/12/26 2,298 200 - 300
Beijing-Xi'an 2012/12/26 1,216 250 - 300
Shanghai-Guangzhou 2014/12/10 1,647 250 - 300
Shanghai-Kunming 2016/12/28 2,252 300 - 300
Xi'an-Shanghai 2016/9/10 1,509 250 - 300
Xi'an-Chengdu 2017/9/30 643 250

Inter-city High Speed Trains

Line Open Date Length (km) Speed (km/h)
Beijing-Tianjin 2008/08/01 119 300
Guangzhou-Zhuhai 2012/12/31 117 200
Guangzhou-Shenzhen 2011/12/26 116 300
Shanghai-Nanjing 2010/07/01 301 300
Nanjing-Hangzhou 2013/07/01 249 300

Currently, 16 countries and regions worldwide have bullet trains running on their land, including China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, and United Kingdom. The total length has reached 38,000 km (23,600 mi) and the speed varies from 200 km/h (124 mph) to 350 km/h (217 mph). China high speed train tickets are the lowest among all. 

 See Also:

High Speed Era in China Railway History  

Overnight Trains

China Train Travel - A Beginner’s Guide

- Last modified on Apr. 13, 2020 -
  • Customer Reviews
  • Questions & Answers
    4.9328 Reviews
    Posted on Jul. 12, 2020
    The transportation in China is very convenient, especially bullet trains. Many trains operates every day for same route, and only a few hours can take us travel between 2 cities which far away each other. Such as it only needs 5 hours running from Beijing to Shanghai.
    Posted on Jul. 08, 2020
    I must say I have no complain about your service, all the arrangement are perfect. Tickets reached our hotel on time, we got them immediately on the check in date. The paper tickets are kept well in a big and private envelop.
    Posted on Jul. 04, 2020
    Your Company did a wonderful job, we had a very beautiful time in China, our flight back to Australia will take off in 2 hours, and we will never forget everything we met in China.
    Posted on Jul. 04, 2020
    Our group are all satisfied with your service during this trip in China, thanks for paying all your attention to us, solving every problems for us patiently, and thanks for those emails and calls to confirm our tickets and remind us lots of things which are important during trip in China.
    Posted on Jul. 03, 2020
    We would like to express our gratitude for the hard work you have done and we enjoyed ourselves in China. In addition, we wished that we could spend more days in China, a beautiful and harmonious country. If you have a chance to Milan, it will be my pleasure to be as your guide.
    Posted on Jul. 02, 2020
    We needed to catch the bullet train at Shanghai Hongqiao station after landing at Shanghai Pudong Airport. While, the driver did not understand us and we called Candy for help. She talked with the driver about our schedule and the driver helped us get the paper tickets at the ticket window upon arrival. It is really kind of him. Finally, we were lucky enough to board the train at the last minute.
    Posted on Jun. 30, 2020
    We enjoyed ourselves to China. These days, we are making up the pictures we took. Really a lot. So vivid and beautiful. After we finish it, we will show them to my friends and they might also want to have an adventure to China. Hahaha…
    Posted on Jun. 29, 2020
    We have been satisfied with your website and found the information helpful for ticket collection, finding gate and train platform. We love your service. Brilliant! The only problem we met were the lack of English signage at the railway station. We had some difficulty in locating the correct ticket counter because the train station is so huge and there are so many different ticketing counters. Hope the China railway can make more efforts on this issue. Thank you.
    Posted on Jun. 28, 2020
    Your service deserves a good review. Everything was just perfect. We had a nice trip in Kunming and Guilin. Bullet trains were comfortable and clean. The problem was that there was few English signs at railway stations. It was a little hard to find correct checking gate and exit. We hope that the railway can improve this aspect for international passengers.
    Posted on Jun. 23, 2020
    My families had a pleasant time last Novermber in China. We were a group of 8 people. We booked about 40 tickets with TravelChinaGuide. All tickets had been delivered to our hotel in Shanghai safely when we arrived. The service was efficient and professional. We'd like to recommend you to everyone!
    Page 1 of 33