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China High Speed Train (Bullet Train)

High speed trains, which are also called bullet, fast, or CRH trains, are identified as G, D and C trains in China.

Currently, there are about 2,000 high speed trains running along the high speed rail with a length of over 12,500 mi (20,000 km), covering almost every large city and most tourism destinations. Their top speed is 186 mph (300 km/h), which is planned to increase to 217 mph (350 km/h) in the near future.

Painted in white or grey with a ‘bullet’ locomotive, the high speed trains can be easily recognized.
 
High Speed Train
 Top China High Speed Train Travel Routes:
Second Class Seat
First Class Seat
Business Class Seat
Soft Sleeper
 China Rail Pass
China Rail Pass is a prepaid card with which passenger can check into high speed rail by swiping the card on a self-service check-in machine without paper tickets. Currently, the pass can be used on CRH trains from Beijing to Tianjin, Shanghai to Hangzhou and Nanjing, Guangzhou to Zhuhai, and Haikou to Sanya.
 Facilities
Facilities on these highballs are of high standard, similar to those on an airplane. The seats can be rotated towards the moving direction; the seatback can be adjusted to a wanted angle; each passenger is offered a foldable small table; and electrical sockets are available in each row or compartment. It is even possible to use Wi-Fi. In addition, dining and toilets will never be problems.
Why travel by high speed trains?
1. Fast: Their present operational speed of China trains high speed type is 155-186 mph (250-300 km/h), greatly shortening the journey time. For instance, the duration from Beijing to Shanghai has been shortened from 15 hours to about 5 hours.
2. Punctual: Being different from flights, they are less influenced by weather or traffic control, hence able to arrive at their destinations on time.
3. Convenient: CRH trains are scheduled more frequently than normal ones and many of the high speed railway stations are reachable by subway, making rail journey much more convenient than before.
4. Reasonablely priced: Although the ticket may cost a little more than a non-bullet train ticket, it is much cheaper than a flight. Take the journey from Beijing to Shanghai for instance, a soft sleeper on a non-bullet train costs CNY476.5, a second class seat on a bullet one costs CNY553, while the full fare of an economy class seat on an airplane is over CNY 1,000.
5. Comfortable: The carriages are much better equipped than the old-generation carriages, and can rival airplanes. Seats are wider and softer, windows are bigger, and washrooms are cleaner… All these ensure passengers a comfortable and pleasant journey.
6. Safe: The fast trains are operated by advanced technological communication systems to ensure passengers’ safety.
 
 
High Speed Railway Map (Click to enlarge)

 Maps

Development and Current Network

Since the earliest high speed rail line, Beijing - Tianjin Inter-city High Speed Rail Line was opened in 2008, China has developed a dense high speed railway network as long as 12,500 miles (20,000 kilometers).

It mainly consists of four north-south and four east-west trunk lines, and some inter-city lines, greatly shortening the travel time in China.

The country does not stop extending its high speed railway network. According to the plan, the high speed rail will reach 18,600 miles (30,000 kilometers) by 2020 and the network will consist of eight north-south and eight east-west trunk lines by 2030.

  High Speed Railway Network

Line Open Date Length (km) Designed Speed (km/h)
Four North - South High Speed Rail Lines
 Beijing-Shanghai
---
1,450
---
Beijing-Shanghai 
2011/06/30
1,318
300
Hefei-Bengbu 2012/10/16 132 350
 Beijing-Hong Kong
(Beijing-Guangzhou in operation since 2012)
--- 2,440 ---
Beijing-Shijiazhuang 2012/12/26 281 350
Shijiazhuang-Wuhan 2012/12/26 948 350
Wuhan-Guangzhou 2009/12/26 1,069 300
Guangzhou-Shenzhen 2011/12/26 142 350
Shenzhen-Hong Kong 2018 200
 Beijing-Harbin --- 1,300 ---
Beijing-Shenyang 2019 698 350
Harbin-Dalian 2012/12/01 921 300
Panjin-Yingkou 2013/09/12 89 350
 Hangzhou-Fuzhou-Shenzhen --- 1,464 ---
Hangzhou-Ningbo 2013/07/01 155 350
Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou 2009/09/28 275 200
Wenzhou-Fuzhou 2009/06/30 294 200
Fuzhou-Xiamen 2010/04/26 226 250
Xiamen-Shenzhen 2013/12/28 514 200
Four East - West High Speed Rail Lines
 Xuzhou-Lanzhou --- 1,400 ---
Zhengzhou-Xuzhou 2016/09/10 360 350
Zhengzhou-Xian 2010/02/06 523 300
Xian-Baoji 2013/12/28 167 250
Baoji-Lanzhou 2017 401 250
 Shanghai-Kunming --- 2,266 ---
Shanghai-Hangzhou 2010/10/26 159 350
Hangzhou-Changsha 2014/12/10 924 350
Changsha-Kunming 2016 1,183 350
 Qingdao-Taiyuan --- 770 ---
Qingdao-Jinan 2008/12/20 413 250
Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan 2009/04/01 232 250
Shijiazhuang-Jinan 2017 323 250
 Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu --- 1,985 ---
Shanghai-Nanjing 2010/07/01 311 300
Nanjing-Hefei 2008/04/18 157 200
Hefei-Wuhan 2009/04/01 359 250
Wuhan-Yichang 2012/07/01 292 200
Yichang-Lichuan 2010/12/22 275 160
Lichuan-Chongqing 2013/12/28 278 200
Chongqing-Suining 2012/12/31 167 200
Suining-Chengdu 2009/07/07 146 200


 Inter-city High Speed Trains

Line Open Date Length Designed Speed (km/h)
Beijing-Tianjin 2008/08/01 119 350
Chengdu-Dujiangyan 2010/05/10 68 200
Nanchang-Jiujiang 2010/09/20 135 250
Changchun-Jilin-Hunchun 2011/01/11 359 250
Guangzhou-Zhuhai 2012/12/31 117 200
Guangzhou-Shenzhen 2011/12/26 116 350
Shanghai-Nanjing 2010/07/01 301 350
Nanjing-Hangzhou 2013/07/01 249 350
Tianjin-Qinhuangdao 2013/12/01 261 300