China High Speed Train (Bullet Train)
About 2,522 pairs of high speed trains numbered by G, D or C run daily connecting over 200 cities in China and covering 32 of the country's 34 provinces. Beijing-Shanghai high speed train link the two megacities 1,318 km (819 mi) away in just 4.5 hours.
By 2017, China keeps the world's largest high speed rail (HSR) network with a length totaling over 25,000 km (15,500 mi), including 12,500 km (7,760 mi) of rail routes allowing trains at a speed above 250 km/h (155 mph). The world's longest HSR line, Beijing-Guangzhou High Speed Railway, extends 2,298 km (1,428 mi), and is expected to run to Hong Kong in 2018.
Top China High Speed Train Travel Routes:
- Beijing - Shanghai
- Beijing - Guangzhou
- Beijing - Tianjin
- Beijing - Xian
- Beijing - Harbin
- Beijing - Fuzhou
- Beijing - Pingyao
- Beijing - Zhangjiakou
- Shanghai - Chengdu
- Shanghai - Guangzhou
- Shanghai - Hangzhou
- Shanghai - Suzhou
- Shanghai - Nanjing
- Shanghai - Kunming
- Xian - Chengdu
- Xian - Dalian
- Xian - Lanzhou
- Xian - Luoyang
- Xian - Shanghai
- Guangzhou - Zhuhai
- Wuhan - Guangzhou
- Nanning - Guangzhou
- Guiyang - Kunming
- Guangzhou - Shenzhen
- Guangzhou - Hong Kong
- Guangzhou - Guilin
- Shenzhen - Guilin
- Shenzhen - Xiamen
- Harbin - Dalian
- Haikou - Sanya
- Lanzhou - Xinjiang
- Changsha - Nanjing
- Chongqing - Guiyang
- Guilin - Yangshuo
- Kunming - Fuzhou
- Pingyao - Xian
- Zhengzhou - Xian
See also: 8 Most Scenic Train Rides in China
Why travel by high speed trains?
4. Reasonablely priced:
Tickets on bullet trains are generally divided into four types - second class seat, first class seat, business class seat, and VIP seat. On a few overnight D trains, soft sleepers or deluxe soft sleepers are provided, and sometimes standing room tickets are available when all seats are sold out. On some short inter-city HSR lines, China Rail Pass is available, which is a prepaid card for self-service check-in at a railway station.
China High Speed Train Types
The types mainly include the popularized Hexiehao and the newly launched Fuxinghao. Fuxinghao, with its debut in June 2017, is now running along high speed railways including Beijing - Shanghai, Beijing - Tianjin, and Beijing - Guangzhou.
|Hexiehao (CRH)||Fuxinghao (CR)|
|Top Speed||300 km/h (186 mph)||300-350 km/h (186-217 mph)|
|Appearance||Silver or white with blue belt||Silver with red belt, or white with golden belt|
|Space||370 cm high; narrower legroom||405 cm high; wider legroom|
|Electrical Socket||Standard type under the seats||Standard and USB types beside the seats|
|Wifi||Partially available||Available on all|
|Types in Service||CRH380A, CRH380B, CRH2, CRH3C… numbered by G, D or C||CR400AF & CR400BF numbered by G or C|
Facilities on these highballs are of high standard, similar to those on an airplane. The seats can be rotated towards the moving direction; the seatback can be adjusted to a wanted angle; each passenger is offered a foldable small table; electrical sockets are available; and it is even possible to use Wi-Fi.
|More High Speed Railway Maps|
Since the earliest high speed rail line, Beijing - Tianjin Inter-City High Speed Rail Line opened in 2008, China has developed a dense high speed railway network reaching 25,000 km (15,500 mi), accounting for 2/3 of the world's high-speed rail tracks.
There are mainly four north-south and four east-west trunk lines, and some inter-city lines, greatly shortening the travel time within China.
According to the plan, the high speed rail will reach 30,000 km (18,600 mi) by 2020 and 38,000 km (23,600 mi) by 2025. The network will include eight north-south and eight east-west trunk lines, linking all the big and medium-sized cities with a population of 500,000.
Major High Speed Rail Lines
|Line||Open Date||Length (km)||Speed (km/h)|
|300 - 350|
|Beijing-Guangzhou||2012/12/26||2,298||200 - 300|
|Beijing-Xian||2012/12/26||1,216||250 - 300|
|Shanghai-Guangzhou||2014/12/10||1,647||250 - 300|
|Shanghai-Kunming||2016/12/28||2,252||300 - 300|
|Xian-Shanghai||2016/9/10||1,509||250 - 300|
|Line||Open Date||Length (km)||Speed (km/h)|
Currently, 16 countries and regions worldwide have bullet trains running on their land, including China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Turkey, and United Kingdom. The total length has reached 38,000 km (23,600 mi) and the speed varies from 200 km/h (124 mph) to 350 km/h (217 mph).
See Also: High Speed Era in China Railway History