Sanxingdui Museum (Three-Star Piles Museum)
|Bronze Human Head |
Sanxingdui Museum Pictures
Three-Star Piles site is a cultural relic of the ancient Shu (Sichuan). It is an important archeological discovery which changed the people's understanding of ancient history and culture. If you want to visit a place to know more about Chinese Shu (Sichuan) culture, make it this one, for the civilization shown by the cultural relics can be called a true wonder.
Three-Star Piles refer to three earth mounds at the site. The Relic area stretches for about 12 square kilometers (about 4.6 square miles), which is the largest, oldest, and most connotational Shu cultural relic in Sichuan. It is said that the Heavenly Emperor cast down three handfuls of earth which fell near the Jian River and became three earth mounds on Chengdu Plain. The three earth piles, described as three golden stars in a line, hence became known as Three-Star Piles. Now affirmed by modern archaeology, the three earth mounds are in reality the southern wall of an ancient city that was built of earth. There are two breaches in the city wall, after the collapse and subsequent erosion; it became the three mounds we see today.
The discovery of Three-Star Piles Relic is heart-stirring but some cultural relics remain enigmatic. According to experts, the relic is the centuries-old center of the ancient Shu on Chengdu Plain. Traditionally, archaeology considered Shu as a closed area and without communications to the Central Plain (the most developed region in ancient China), but the cultural relics unearthed here have affirmed ancient Shu is no less developed than the Central Plain and it is even the most representative cradle of Chinese civilization in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. So research of the discovered site is a significant means to comprehend the development of history and culture in Sichuan, and even the southwest area of China as a whole, but the site is still enigmatic. The ancient Shu characters are one of the two or three unbroken characters. Some cultural relics can not be named as the archaeologists have never seen their ilk before, which also add some mysterious color to the site.
In order to well preserve and display the cultural relics, the Sanxingdui Museum laid the foundation in 1992 and opened in October, 1997. It is divided into four sections, displayed more than 1000 pieces of cultural relics from the site and the two sacrificial pits of Shang Period, including gold plate, bronze ware, jade articles, pottery and ivory. Each of the four sections has its own theme.
Section 1 - Splendor of Ancient Shu Culture
Section 2 - Mystery of the Primitive Faith
Section 3 - Exquisite Cultural Artifacts
|Earthen Wine Vessels|
Section 4 - Three-Star Piles Excavation and Study
This section is a scientific display that introduced the impact of the Three-Star Piles Relic overseas, the discovery and excavation of the site, the vital position of the relic in academic study, to reflect all facets of the site.
For the swarms of tourists all year around, a new Exhibition Hall was opened on May Day in 2004, covering an exhibition area of 7,000 square meters. The exhibition in this hall is mainly a complex display of jade articles, gold plate and pottery, with the old Exhibition Hall specializing in bronze wares.
Three-Star Piles Relic is the spiritual homeland of the ancient Shu people and the Museum is the place for modern people to meet the ancient Shu.
How to get to Sanxingdui Museum from Chengdu
2. Take a bullet train from East Railway Station to Guanghan North with 30 minutes, and then take a taxi to the museum.
Chengdu Bus / Metro Search
|Entrance Fee||CNY 80; |
CNY 5 for the garden area, not including halls;
Free for children under 1.2m (3.9 feet).
|Opening Hours||Ticket Hours: 8:30-17:00 |
Exibition Hours: 8:30-18:00
Bronze Exhibition Hall: 8:30-18:30
Top 10 Things to Do in Chengdu
From the airport, you can take subway line 3, get off at North Railway Station, Exit 2. Then walk southwest around 480 yards to get to Longtousi Bus Station. There are two bus schedules every day that can take you to Guanghan Bus Station. One is at 08:20. The other is at 13:40. After arriving, take a taxi to the museum directly.
2. Is it easy to get a taxi at SXD (back to Chengdu)? How much is the taxi fare?
It's not easy for you to take a taxi. But you can rent a private car. The fare is CNY 150 to 200. You should negotiate the price before you get in the car.
1) Are there only two buses going to SXD from Xinnanmen everyday (8:30 & 15:00)?
2) Are there still buses running from Chengdu North Railway Station to the museum every 15 min as stated above?
Recently, I heard these bus may offstream. So you are suggested to confirm the schedules with the bus station at least one day in advance.
(2) The buses to mentioned above is not in service, as I know.
From the north station, you can take the bus to Shifang Station first. After arriving, just take a taxi to the scenic spot directly.
If you want to travel on your own, you are suggested to visit the two in two days. You are suggested to visit the panda base on the first day. Then on the next morning, you can take the early bus at 08:30 from Xinnanmen Bus Station to the museum directly.
BTW, the buses from Xinnanmen Bus Station are at 08:30, 09:50, 11:30, 14:00, 16:00 and 17:40. After you visiting the panda base first, if the time is still enough, you can take a bus to there on the same day. The bus journey takes about one day.