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Beijing Museum of Natural History

Museum of Natural History
Museum of Natural History
Beijing Museum of Natural History is located on Tianqiao South Street in Chongwen District. It was the first comprehensive museum of natural science in China and was formally opened on Oct. 1st, 1959. It is mainly engaged in specimen collection, scientific research and science popularization work in the fields of paleontology, zoology, botany, anthropology and others. More than a hundred thousand artifacts, fossils and specimens are reserved in Beijing Museum of Natural History, and the number of complete large ancient mammal fossils ranks it the second in the world. Among all the specimens and fossils, that of the Stegodon zdanskyi (a kind of ancient elephant) is the most famous and precious.

Permanent Exhibitions

Going straight ahead after entering Beijing Museum of Natural History, one would come to the Gallery of Ancient Reptiles and Dinosaurs. Here are exhibited the mamenchisaurus (a species of dinosaur), the largest sauropod dinosaur fossil discovered in China, and the Lufengosaurus huenei Young - the first dinosaur fossil discovered by Chinese scientists.

Having seen the giant dinosaur skeleton and learned about the evolution of ancient reptiles, visitors can head to the Gallery of Ancient Mammals, situated on the left of the entrance. Audiences can see the Stegodon zdanskyi, which is the most complete skeleton of a stegodon ever found in the world. The skeleton was found near the Yellow River, so it is also called the Yellow River Stegodon. Apart from the skeleton, audiences can see the earliest angiosperms fossil - the Archaefructus liaoningensis, the earliest known flowering plant.

Passing through the Ancient Mammal Gallery, visitors can enter the Origin of Life Gallery and the Prosperity of Ancient Invertebrates. This gallery reproduces the rich environment of the ocean of 530 million years ago and displays a comprehensive history of ancient invertebrates. The complex evolution is presented through plenty of fossils. The abundant ancient animal fossils of the Jehol Biota, especially the hairy fossils of dinosaurs, discovered in western Liaoning Province, would be the best attraction.

After finishing the visit in the Origin of Life and the Prosperity of Ancient Invertebrates Gallery, one can go upstairs and visit the Plant Kingdom, where one can get to understand the evolution from prehistoric extinct plants to modern plants. There are some interactive activities. For instance, audiences can see the whole process of flowers sprouting, growing and blossoming all through the push of a button. Through these changing perspectives, one can also see the changes of the seasons.

After leaving the Plant Kingdom exhibition, going straight ahead one enters the Beauty of Animals Gallery. The exhibits here are based on the invaluable animal specimens donated by Mr. Kenneth E. Behring. By the use of new technologies, it reproduces the natural habitat and exhibits typical wild animal specimens of Africa, North America and Eurasia.

Going downstairs from the Beauty of Animals Gallery, the last part of permanent exhibitions is right in front of you, the gallery of Animals -- the Friends of Human Beings. The basic animal exhibits including six thematic units: Preface (Biodiversity), Invertebrates, Fish, Amphibian, Animal Protection and the Insects' World. The most important part is the Insects' World. This gallery introduces the colorful insects' world by various kinds of fossils and specimens.

Temporary Exhibitions

Beijing Museum of Natural History also holds some temporary exhibitions every year. Most of them focus on dinosaurs, plants, animals, and environment protection.
 

4D Cinema

 In the 4D cinema, visitors can enjoy six scientific and educational films favored by many kids and their parents. The schedules are as follows:

4D scientific and educational films Schedules
Turtles' Adventure Tue.: 10:00; Wed., Fri. & Sat.: 13:40; Thu.: 15:40; Sun.: 11:15
Pig Peak Tue., Thu.: 13:40; Wed.: 15:40; Fri.: 10:00; Sat.: 11:15; Sun.: 14:30
A Warning from the Disaster Sun.: 15:30
Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter Sat.: 14:30
Night of Resurrection Tue. & Thu.: 11:00 & 14:30; Wed.: 10:00; Fri.: 15:40; Sun.: 10:30
Prehistoric Adventure Tue.: 15:40; Wed. & Fri.: 11:0014:30; Thu.: 10:00; Sat.: 10:30, 12:30, 15:30; Sun.: 12:30, 13:40

Transportation:

 By Bus:
1. Take bus 7, 17, 20, 35, 36, 72, 93, 105, 106, 110, 120, 622, Sightseeing Bus Line 1, or Special Line 11 to Tianqiao Station.
2. Take bus 2, 53, 71, or Fast Transit Line 1 to Tiantan Ximen (West Gate of the Temple of Heaven) Station.

 By Subway:
1. Take subway line 7 and get off at Zhushikou Station. Get out from Exit C and walk to the south for about 15 minutes.
2. Take Subway Line 5 to Tiantan Dongmen (East Gate of the Temple of Heaven). You will find it after you visit the Temple of Heaven and get out from its west gate.
 Beijing Bus / Subway Search

Tickets:

It is free, but one needs to reserve tickets at least one day before the visit.
Tel: 010-67027702
 The admission fee for the 4D Cinema is CNY 20 per person.

Opening Hours:

09:00-17:00 (Tuesday-Sunday)
Time to pick up tickets: Tuesday-Sunday 09:00-16:00
 Visitors are not allowed to enter the museum after 16:00.