Daming Palace Site of Tang Dynasty
It was located on high land in Longshou, in the northeast of Chang'an City (today's Xian). Covering a large area of 1.2 square miles, it measured 1.6 miles long and 0.9 miles wide. Originally, the Emperor Li Shimin built it as the summer palace for his father, the Emperor Li Yuan. The palace had nine gates. The whole layout was composed of two areas, Qian Chao where emperors held court, and Nei Ting used for living and recreation.
Hanyuan Palace was the main palace, located about 656 yards from Danfeng Gate, the middle south gate of Daming Palace. In the Tang Dynasty, it was an important international exchange center. On every New Year's Day, the emperors would hold great ceremonies there, and welcome ambassadors from various countries and the surrounding minorities. This majestic building reflected the great Tang Dynasty's prosperous and broad culture and represented the highest architectural level of that time.
The north part of Daming Palace was the garden areas for living and recreation. Linde Palace, located in the northwest, was the biggest attached palace. It was the place where emperors held banquets and received ambassadors. Built in rammed-earth construction, the site measured 142 yards long and over 87 yards wide. Taiye Pond, also called Penglai Pond was an oval-shaped pond, covering an area of 1.6 hectare. As beautiful as a fairyland, the royal pond absorbed the essence of Tang's garden architecture.
Since 1950s, the archaeology work to Daming Palace has begun, and by far remarkable achievements have been gained through all experts' hard work. Besides the exploration in full scale, the experts made more efforts to unearth the sites of Hanyuan Palace, Linde Palace, Sanqing Palace, Xuanwu Gate and Chongquan Gate. In 1961, the State Council declared it as the national key cultural relic protection unit.The Daming Palace has been rebuilt and opened to the public on October 1st, 2010. About two thirds of the park is admitted for free; the other one third of the park is cultural relics preservation and exhibition area.
Take bus 2, 262 and get off at Tongjiaxiang Station.
Take bus 16, 17, 22, 38, 46, 104, 209, 801 and get off at Taihua Road Station.
Take Subway Line 2 to DaminggongXi (Daming Palace West) Station and get out from Exit D. Walk several Minutes to the palace.
Xian Bus / Subway Search
CNY 60 for cultural relics preservation and exhibition area; the other two thirds area of the park is admitted for free.