Huaqing Hot Springs
It is said that King You built a palace here during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). Additions were subsequently made by the First Emperor Qing (259 BC-210BC) and Emperor Wu during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24). During his reign, the Emperor Xuanzong spent dizzying amounts of his funds to build a luxurious palace, changing its name to Huaqing Hot Spring or Huaqing Palace. Over the course of 41 years in his days, he visited the palace as many as 36 times. The palace thus has a history of 3,000 years and the hotspring a history of 6,000 years! Ranked among the Hundred Famous Gardens in China, it also has the status as a National Cultural Relic Protection Unit and a National Key Scenic Area.
Walking southwards through Dragon Marble Boat and several pavilions, you will find the Site of Imperial Pool, which is the only one of its kind to be discovered in China. The five remaining pools are the Lotus Pool, Haitang Pool, Shangshi Pool, Star Pool and Prince Pool. The lotus-like Lotus Pool was made for the Emperors' bath, the Haitang Pool resembling a Chinese Crabapple was intended for concubines, and the Shangshi Pool was designated for officials. It is said that the former Star Pool had no roof and nothing to cover its four sides. There, must have been possible to truly experience the eternal beauty of Yang Guifei. Nowadays, in order to protect this historical site, visitors can not use the hot spring in these pools.
|Bingjian Pavilion on Mount Li|
After the discovery of remains of Tang operas and entertainments, the Exhibition Hall of Tang Art was built in 1995. Here, you can enjoy dance performances imitating the Tang style and a Chinese tea ceremony in the teahouse.
In the palace of Huaqing Hot Spring, visitors who are interested in calligraphy will be delighted to discover the inscriptions collected there. Currently, the inscriptions include in total 7 steles, 16 stones with poems, 7 stone inscriptions, 4 stone carving, and an additional 69 tablets discovered in 1949. All of them represent elite work in the field of calligraphy art and materials of their kinds.
Since Huaqing Hot Spring is located at the foot of Mount Li with remains of ancient buildings such as a beacon tower of Western Zhou Dynasty and the Old Mother Hall of the Tang Dynasty, there are many legends and allusions about it. Among them, the most famous and profound one is about Misusing the Beacon Tower to Tease Vassals.
It happened in the Western Zhou Dynasty during the reign of fatuous King You. At first, he ruled his state relatively peacefully and prosperously and allied with the neighboring feoffs by using a beacon tower in case of invasion of other ethnic groups. If an incident occurred, he could light the fire on the tower as a signal, and then his allies would come to help. However, everything changed after he asked a small country, Bao, to pay the beauty Bao Si in tribute.
|Climbing Mount Li|
Seeing the happy smile of Bao Si, King You delightedly rewarded Guo Shifu with a thousand taels of gold. After that, he and his queen played with the beacon tower several times, and each time, the troops would leave disappointed. One day, the ethnic group 'Quan Rong' presented a real threat to the kingdom. The King immediately set the beacon tower on fire, but this time, the troops no longer believed him and never showed up in defence. The King was killed and his queen was captured, thus ending the Western Zhou Dynasty.
This story gave birth to the idioms 'A smile values a thousand taels of gold' and 'Misusing beacon tower to tease vassals'.
It is at the Huaqing Hot Springs that a grand Tang Dynasty Performance - The Song Of Unending Sorrow is played every day.
1. Take Tourism Bus No.5 (306), the special route bus from Railway Station to the Terracotta Warriors via Huaqingchi Station, at the East Square of Xian Railway Station and get off at Huaqingchi Stop.
Bus fare: CNY6
Estimated Travel Time: 45mins.
2. Bus 307 from the south gate of Tang Paradise to Huaqingchi Station.
Bus fare: CNY 7
3. Bus 914 and 915 also run to Huaqing Hot Springs and Terra Cotta Warrors, but they are not suggested to take.
4. Take a free shuttle bus at Xian North Railway Station to get there in an hour. You can get a boarding pass/card by showing your train ticket on the arrival day and the entrance ticket to any attraction of Lintong to board the bus.
Note: Tickets for Lintong attractions are available at the Tourists Service Center on the underground floor of the North Railway Station.
Take bus 101 from Lintong Bus Station.
Xian Bus /Subway Search
|Admission Fee:||March 1 to November 30: CNY 110 |
December 1 to the end of next February: CNY 80
Free for children below 3.9 feet (1.2 meters).
|Opening Hours:||March 1 to November 30: 07:00 – 18:00 |
December 1 to the end of next February: 07:30 – 18:30
Time for a Visit:
|One and a half hours|
|Performance-Watching Time:|| |
Two performances on Friday, Saturday and statutory holidays: 20:10 – 21:20; 21:30 – 22:40
|Performance-Watching Fee:|| |
1. The eastern and western areas: CNY 218;
Tips on Hot Spring for your reference
Suggested Tour Itinerary:
One-Day Outskirts Travel: One-day trip to Huaqing Hot Spring, Lintong Museum, Mount Li, Terra-Cotta Warriors Museum.
More Xian Tours
Transportation to the surrounding scenic spots:
The Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses: Take bus no.307 or Tourism Bus Route 5 (306) and get off at the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses.
Mount Li: Visitors can find the entrance of the Mount Li from the back door of the Huaqing Hot Springs.