Famen Temple Cultural Scenic Area

Famen Temple, Baoji
 Famen Temple Pictures
     1-Day Private Xi'an Tours from $59
    More Xi'an Tours
Famen Temple, renowned for storing the veritable Finger Bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha, is located in Fufeng County of Shaanxi Province, 120 km (75 mi) east of Xi'an and 96 km (60 mi) west of Baoji. With a history of over 1,700 years, it is considered the "Forerunner of the Ziggurat in Central Shaanxi." The Famen Temple Cultural Scenic Area comprises four sectors including the Temple Gate Square, Foguang Avenue, Famen Temple, and the Namaste Dagoba. The scenic area is known as the "No. 2 Cultural Symbol of Shaanxi", second only to the Terracotta Army. It stands out as a world-class cultural scenic area featuring the "Time-honored Buddhist Holy Land and Age-old Classic Buddhist Site."
 

Four Gates

Between Temple Gate Square and Foguang Avenue stand four gates: Foguang Gate, Prajna Gate, Bodhi Gate and Perfect Wisdom Gate. Foguang Gate is where the light of Buddha is said to deliver all beings from torment and guide them to the Buddhist Faramita. Inside the Foguang Gate are two still water pools known as the "Heart-Pacifying Pools." As a sacred symbol of Buddhism, the lotus flower living in mud, but not stained by it, signifies the purity of Buddhists in the impure material world. Prajna refers to the great wisdom of Buddhism. The Prajna Gate means that during Buddhist medication, only by observing the guidance from prajna, can perfect wisdom and the most supreme Buddhist enlightenment be achieved. Bodhi means enlightenment and wisdom. By passing through the Bodhi, one can awaken to Buddha dharma and reach superior Buddhist thought. The architectural design of the Perfect Wisdom Gate, which consists of gateposts only, shows that the Buddha dharma is attained by observing sunyata (the nature of the void). Therefore, the Perfect Wisdom Gate is also called "Gate of Sunyata."
Prajna Gate
Prajna Gate
Buddha
Buddha along Foguang Avenue

Foguang Avenue

Covering an area of 140,000 sq km (54,054 sq mi), Foguang Avenue is 1,230 m (1,345 yards) long and 108 m (118 yards) wide. As the main axis, it divides the Scenic Area into the Western Section and the Eastern Section. The Eastern Section, named "Famous Site of Buddha", displays the whole process from birth to nirvana of Sakyamuni. The Western Section, named "Source of Buddhist Realm", exhibits the great advance of Buddhism ever since Sakyamuni achieved nirvana. Along the Foguang Avenue are ten statues of well-known Bodhisattva.
 

Famen Temple

Built during the Eastern Han Dynasty to enshrine Sakyamuni's sarira, Famen Temple, which was built around the dagoba, was originally named "Asoka Temple." During the Sui Dynasty (581-618), it was renamed "Chengshi Buddha Mandala." In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was given its present name. Later, by holding several ceremonies enshrining the relic of Sakyamuni's finger bone, it became world-famous. The most representative structures here are the Famen Temple Pagoda and Famen Temple Museum.
Famen Temple
Famen Temple
Treasure in Famen Temple
Buddha Enshrined in the Temple
At its center is 13-tiered octagonal pagoda under which, it is said, a sliver of the finger bone of Sakyamuni was discovered. In 1981, it was found that the pagoda was gradually sinking into the ground. This led to reconstruction, during which, in 1987, an Underground Palace was unearthed. At present, this is the largest Buddhist underground palace discovered so far. Many royal treasures and jewelry were found here – more than 2,000 pieces surrounded the Tang mandala (geometric designs, usually circular, symbolizing the universe). The most precious item was the veritable Finger Bone of the Sakyamuni Buddha.Judging from the grand architectural style, the Underground Palace is thought to have been established during the Tang Dynasty. But why were such precious treasures stored under the pagoda? Tracing back to a high point in Chinese history, Famen Temple was the royal temple during the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Emperors during the Sui and Tang believed that enshrining and worshiping the bone of Sakyamuni would bring riches and peace to the land and its people. So an offering of treasure was made to the finger bone and it was housed in the Underground Palace.
The exhibition in Famen Temple Treasure in Famen Temple
Famen Temple Museum was established in 1987 and includes most of the precious treasures from the Tang Dynasty removed from Underground Palace. Gold and silverware, colored glaze ware, porcelain and silks are all on display. Due to its popularity with tourists and their curiosity about the relics, two new exhibition halls were established in 2000. The exhibition area has been expanded from 500 square meters (598 sq yd) to 3,000 square meters (3,588 sq yd).
 

Namaste Dagoba

Namaste Dagoba
Namaste Dagoba

Namaste Dagoba was completed on May 9, 2009 after the construction of 3 years. The Namaste Dagoba is used to enshrine the only relic of Sakyamuni's finger bone in the world. The full height of the dagoba is 148 m (162 yd). The numbers "148" were chosen because "1" symbolizes that the Buddha does not differ from all other beings. The Buddha is only the awakened being while other beings are yet to be enlightened. The "4" and "8" denote the 8th day of the 4th lunar month, the birthday of Buddha. The architectural design of Namaste Dagoba represents the Buddhist thought of unification, concord harmony and peace. The one and only relic of Sakyamuni's finger bone in the world was enshrined in the underground palace in the Namaste Dagoba. The finger bone is brought up to the first floor at the Namaste Dagoba on the 1st day and 15th day of each lunar month plus Saturdays and Sundays for tourists and devotees to pay homage.

How to Get to Famen Temple

Depart from Xi'an:

1. Take the direct tourist bus from Xi'an West Bus Station at 09:00, 10:00, 11:40, 16:30 and 17:00. The bus returns at 08:30, 13:30, 14:40, 15:30, 16:00 and 16:30.
2. Take the tourist bus from the west gate of the Tang Paradise between 08:00 and 10:30. The bus returns at 15:30-16:00.
3. Take the tourist bus from Xi'an Railway Station at 07:30-10:30. The bus returns at 14:30-15:30.
4. Take a long-distance bus bound for Fufeng County at Xi'an West Bus Station and then take a taxi to Famen Temple in around 15 minutes at the cost of about CNY 20.
 Xi'an Bus / Metro Search.

Depart from Baoji:

Take a long-distance bus bound for Fufeng County at Baoji West Bus Station and then take bus No. 201 and get off at the last stop.

Ticket March to November: CNY 100
December to next February: CNY 90
Children under 1.2 m (3.9 ft): Free
Children between 1.2-1.4 m (3.9-4.6 ft): Half price
Opening Hours March to November: 08:30 to 19:00
December to next February: 09:00 to 18:00
Recommended
time for a visit
3 hours
 Famen Temple Independent Tour:
Two-day Adventure to Xianyang: 2 days itinerary of Qianling Mausoleum, Famen Temple, Xianyang Museum, Maoling Mausoleum.

Top 10 Things to Do in Xi'an

- Last modified on Oct. 12, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Famen Temple Cultural Scenic Area
Asked by Cris from GERMANY | Jul. 08, 2018 12:59Reply
Could somebody sumarize the show presented there: "Dharma Legends of Famen Temple"?
This show is only in chinese language and I would like to know the different chapters of this impresive history.Thanks for giving me some hints!
Answers (1)
Answered by Paul | Jul. 08, 2018 23:21
00Reply


Prologue:
More than 2500 years ago, Sakyamuni’ Nirvana under the tree made 84,000 copies of relics. In order to promote the Dharma in the world, Ancient Indian Asoka order to build 84,000 towers to set the Buddha Sherri. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Buddha finger bone was sent to Shaanxi Fufeng and the emperor order to build the "Famen Temple."
First Scene:
In the Tang Dynasty, a stonecutter Jixiang spent 3 years to carve the Thousand Buddha wall and he finally did it. After that, an emperor ordered him to carve a stone tablet to preserve the relics. He decided to become a monk and protect the relics forever.
Second Scene:
After the earthquake in the Ming Dynasty, another monk Ciseng, in order to rebuild the temple, he pierced his shoulder blades with a hundred feet of iron chains to pray for common people to rebuild the temple.
Scene Three:
In the Republic of China (1912-1949), Zhu Ziqiao, who is known as the "General of disaster Relief", advocates "relief for work", both for the relief of the people and for the construction of Buddhist monasteries. Finally, the underground palace was found, his adopted son followed him to protect the relics.
Scene Four:
In 10 years of the Great Cultural Revolution of China, some bad guys try to destroy the temple. However, the afterlife of the Monk Jixiang, Liangqing seceded to burn himself to guard the temple and he succeed.
Last
The underground palace reopened and the only finger bone of Sakyamuni has been preserved successfully.
Asked by Petr kralicek from CZECH | Dec. 23, 2016 04:25Reply
How we can get from Famen Temple to Xian, except of bus nr. 2?
Do you have any timetables of buses from Temple to Xian?
Thank you for answer.
Answers (1)
Answered by Gloria from AUSTRALIA | Dec. 25, 2016 02:55
01Reply


Hello there. Direct buses are arranged for Xian and they will arrive at Chengxi Bus Station. The schedules are 09:00, 10:00, 11:40, 16:30 and 17:00. It takes around 1.5h and costs 37.5RMB.
Asked by Jerry from USA | Nov. 24, 2016 10:14Reply
Are there buses near the Famen Temple that goes to the Xianyang Airport? Thanks.
Answers (1)
Answered by Edward from CANADA | Nov. 25, 2016 00:53
10Reply


Hi, dear! You may take a bus from the temple to Fufeng Bus Station (about 10 minutes). Next, take a bus to Yangling Bus Station (about 50 minutes). Upon arrival, take a shuttle bus to the airport (about 70 minutes). The buses depart at 7:00, 10:00, 13:00, 14:00, 15:30, and 17:00, and the fare is CNY 35.
Asked by pheeb from AMERICA | May. 24, 2016 00:23Reply
How can I get to the Famen Temple from Baoji?
i live in the city center and want to visit the temple, how can i get there?
Answers (1)
Answered by Lydia from USA | May. 24, 2016 01:16
00Reply


You can take a direct bus to the temple from BJ Long-distance Bus Station.
The buses are available from 7:30 to 16:30 at hourly intervals, and the trip takes about 150 minutes.
Asked by iliana | Feb. 16, 2015 11:04Reply
is Famen Temple closed during spring festival?
Answers (3)
Answered by Miller from DENMARK | Feb. 16, 2015 19:18
51Reply


No, this temple will open during the spring festival.
Answered by Janna from CANADA | Mar. 04, 2018 15:00
00Reply


yes it is i was there for the spring fest
Answered by Janna from CANADA | Mar. 04, 2018 15:00
00Reply


i mean yes it is OPEN
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)