Qinglong Temple, also known as the Green Dragon Temple, is located in the southeast of the ancient city of Xian, only 1.5 km (about one mile) away from the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It is a famous Buddhist temple with ancient architectures and a Cultural Relics Museum. Qinglong Temple is one of the cradles of Esoteric Buddhism, one of eight Buddhist sects, and the cradle of the Japanese Shingon Buddhism. Meanwhile, it is well-known for cherry blossom appreciation in springtime.
Built in 582, it was called Linggan Temple before being renamed Qinglong Temple. Many Japanese monks were sent to Qinglong Temple to study Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907). Consequently, the temple had its heyday in the middle years of the Tang Dynasty. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in 1086, and remained unknown to the world for almost a millennium until 1963 when it was restored.
Qinglong Temple has a close connection with Buddhism. The prominent Chinese monk Hui-kuo (746 - 805) lived in the temple where he studied the Esoteric Buddhism. Mid-way through the Tang Dynasty, six famous Japanese monks came to the temple to study Buddhism from him. The most accomplished one among these was Kukai, who was initiated into Esoteric Buddhism by his teacher Hui-kuo. After Hui-kuo died in 805, Kukai returned to Japan and founded Shingon Buddhism. For this reason, the temple is considered holy by Japanese Buddhists, especially Shingon followers.
|Monument of Kukai|
Nowadays, in an area of about 15,000 square meters (4 acres), one can find several elaborate buildings, some of which related to Kukai and his teacher Hui-kuo. They are the Cultural Relics Museum, Kukai Monument, Yunfeng Pavilion, Hui-kuo & Kukai Memorial Hall, and the Poem Tablet.
Enter by the east gate, and you will find the Cultural Relics Museum to your right. This three-storey museum displays cultural relics unearthed in the temple as well as those appertaining to the Sino-Japan relationship. Two paintings named “Ancient Qinglong Temple” and “Across the Sea to Tang China” respectively, are quite valuable.
To your left are special buildings. The first one you will encounter is Kukai Monument, which was erected in 1982 in memory of Kukai. This 32-foot monument is made of bluestones and white marbles with five stones from Japan on its top. On the west of the monument is Feiyun Pavilion, fronting the Qinglong Spring. Keep walking west for a few minutes and you will see the Hui-kuo & Kukai Memorial Hall, where sutras transcribed by Kukai, portraits of Kukai and his mentor Hui-kuo and other relics are kept. Also, the Poem Tablet can be found in the temple. On this one can see a brief introduction to Qinglong Temple, sculptures of Kukai, and oft-quoted poems written by eminent poets during past dynasties on their visits to the temple.
Cherry Blossom Appreciation
|Cherry Blossom Festival in Spring|
Cherry blossom trees are more commonly known to the West as Japanese Cherry Trees, famous for their blossom. When it comes to cherry blossom appreciation in Xian, the first place to enter the minds of the local people is Qinglong Temple. About one thousand cherry blossom trees of over ten species are planted within the temple grounds. In springtime, the garden is filled by blossoms and their delicate fragrance. Every year during March and April, endless streams of tourists come to appreciate this splendid sight. There is also Cherry Blossom Festival generally held from every March 15 to April 15. The days of the springtime blossoms maybe transient but beautiful memories of the season will last forever.
How to Get There
1. Take bus No. 19, 25, 33, 41, 45, 48, 118, 221, 237, 242, 269, 400, 517, 521, 525, 526, 528, 606, 607, 903 or Tourist Line 6 and get off at Qinglongsi (Qinglong Temple) Station. Then walk along Yanxiang Road towards northwest for about 6 min to get there.
2. Take bus No. 31, 33, 252 or 612, and get off at Qinglonglu Dongkou Station. Cross the road and enter through the north gate of the temple.
Take Metro Line 3 and get off at Qinglong Temple. Get out from Exit A. Then walk along Yanxiang Road towards northwest for about 5 min to get there.
Xian Bus / Metrol Search
|Admission Fee||The temple is free of charge, but the ticket is needed, which you can get with your passport.|
|Opening Hours||October 16-March 14: 06:30-18:00 |
March 15-October 15: 06:30-21:00
Time for a Visit