Guanzhong Folk Art Museum
|Guanzhong Folk Art Museum Pictures|
In the autumn of 1985, Mr. Wang’s participance in an ancient building maintenance project gave his first chance to the hinterland of middle Shaanxi Province – the north bank area of the Weihe River. He began to be interested in collecting cultural relics, including delicate stone engravings and sculptures, brick carvings, hitching posts (usually called horse stakes), mangers, woodblock prints, shadow puppets, old furnitures, wooden windows and door with carvings. When he realized impending demise of so many of those significant artifacts, an idea came into his mind – he would try his best to save and collect as much as possible. Through the joint efforts of Mr. Wang and related government agencies, Guangzhong Folk Art Museum was opened up to the public in December, 2008.
|Brick Carving Screen|
Guangzhong Folk Art Museum houses some forty ancient residences of Ming and Qing styles moved and relocated here. Every single brick of twenty courtyards was numbered so that they could be reconstruced from being damaged or torn down. Another twenty courtyards houses were rebuilt by imitating designs. The courtyards are neatly lined up and form an old style street. The Yan’s Residence is said to be the most famous one. This residence has two layers of courtyard. Its owner, Yan Jingming (1817-1892) was an honest and upright official in the Qing Dynasty. His mansion was built during the reign of Emperor Xianfeng. The more than a 100 years old yard contains a rich collection of brick, stone and wooding carvings which had been made originally by very skilled craftsmen.
Another magnificent scene is some 8,600 hitching posts with vivid stone carvings and figurines on the top of each rock stake. They date mainly from the Tang Dynasty until the post-Qing era. Most of the figurines on the stake tops are Hu people (Hu was the names of various ethnic groups encountered in Chinese history, mainly appearing in the Tang Dynasty’s history books.). They are the witness of the mixed multi-ethnic culture of a thousand years ago.
Besides, there are also natural sights, a sacrificial altar square, a man-made lake, a folk custom museum, exhibition halls and galleries, a theatrical stage, craft workshops, a research center and a cultural relic storehouse. An underground exhibition hall has many pieces of calligraphy and paintings of some active political figures and scholars in Contemporary Chinese History, including Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek and his son Chiang Ching-kuo, Kang Yu-wei, Yuan Shih-kai and so on.
How to Get to Guanzhong Folk Art Musuem
1. Take bus No. 215, 229 or 323 from the city center to Chang’an Bus Station (or Weiqu Nan, Xizhai). Then change to bus No. 4-04 and get off at Guanzhong Minsu Bowuguan (Guanzhong Folk Art Museum) Station.
2. Take bus No. 500 from Xian Railway Station and get off at Guanzhong Minsu Bowuguan Station.
Take Metro Line 2 and get off at Weiqu Nan Station. Get out from Exit A. Walk north for around 4 minutes to reach Xizhai Shizi Station and change to bus No. 500 or 4-04. Get off at Guanzhong Minsu Bowuguan Station.
Xian Bus / Metro Search
|Admission Fee||Adult: CNY 120 |
Children under 1.2 m (3.9 ft): Free
Children between 1.2-1.4 m (3.9-4.6 ft): CNY 30
|Opening Hours||March to October: 08:00-18:30 |
November to next February: 08:30-17:30
Time for a Visit