Underground Palace of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum
Location & Dimensions of the Underground Palace
After careful exploration of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, the archaeologists found that this palace is about 35 meters (115 feet) beneath the grave mound of the mausoleum, and the whole grand construction covers an area of 41,600 square meters (49,753 square yards) or so. With a rectangular configuration, the palace is about 260 meters (284 yards) long from east to west, 160 meters (175 yards) wide from north to south. The coffin chamber in its center is also rectangular, and it has the approximate size of a standard soccer field with a height of about 15 meters (49 feet).
Firm Palace Wall
The archaeologists found the firm palace wall enclosing the grand underground palace. The whole wall is built by multi-layer soil, and the southern and northern parts are almost 16-meter (52-feet) and 22-meter (72-feet) thick respectively, and the height of the cob wall is nearly 30 meters (98 feet), looking quite spectacular. They discovered a stone wall under Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum as well, which plays an important role in preserving the mausoleum from some geological disasters, such as flood and earthquakes.
Several paths leading to the underground grave were discovered in the east and west ends of the palace. In ancient China, imperial tomb usually had four passages in all directions west, east, north and south to show the respected social status and position, and Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum is supposed to have four, too, while only two of them are found at present.
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Man-made Fake Underground Palace of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum
As the underground palace has not been excavated yet, a two-floor man-made attraction of the belowground palace is constructed about 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) to the west of the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum. Although molded on the description in the book Historical Records written by Sima Qian, the attraction is much less grand than the real one, according to archaeologists, so it is not advisible to go.
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