Niujie Mosque

The Prayer HallThe Niujie Mosque, literally Ox Street Mosque, is Beijing's most historical and majestic mosque. It is situated on the Niujie Street (Ox Street) in the city's Xicheng District, hence the name. First built in 996, the Niujie Mosque has a history that stretches back over a thousand years, during which time it has undergone numerous refits and extensions, and has greeted Muslims from all over the world to worship. The mosque covers an area of over 7,000 square yards (6,000 square meters), and is structurally based on traditional Chinese wooden palaces, yet adopts typical Arabic-style decorations. There are no human or animal figures among these decorations as these are considered taboo in Islam.

Unlike south-facing Buddhist temples, the Niujie Mosque faces towards Mekka, the holy land of Islam in the west. The layout is symmetrical and compact. The entrance gate is fronted by a large wall with a white marble pedestal, which stretches for around 44 yards (40 meters). A series of relief sculptures sit on the wall, depicting images of happiness and fortune. After passing through the entrance gate, visitors can see the Watching Moon Tower, a hexagonal, two-storied structure reaching over 33 feet (10 meters) tall and housed under a golden-glazed roof. The tower is so named because it was used by the imam to observe the position of the moon to determine times for fasting.

Walking along the path that runs beside the tower, visitors eventually reach the The Prayer HallPrayer Hall - the most important building in the Niujie Mosque. It is a place only open to Muslims. Covering an area of 700 square yards (600 square meters), the hall has the capacity for a few thousand worshippers. The hall's arched gate is decorated with script from the Koran and poems of worship. Some of the text is written in the ancient Arabic characters of Al-Kufi, which is rarely seen in China. The room is also adorned with various paintings of flowers, strings of glass beads and colored glass, which contribute to the hall's air of great importance and holiness.

Outside of the Prayer Hall, two stele pavilions sit either side of the hall. In each of them stands a stone tablet detailing the history of it. To the southeast of the hall, two black-brick graves of Shaykhs lie under a dense collection of cypress trees. Although hundreds of years old, the epigraphs on the gravestones remain clearly readable and are of great importance to research into the history of Islam in China.

The Niujie Mosque offers visitors not only the chance to admire a truly unique building, but also the opportunity to broaden their knowledge about Islam and its place in Chinese cultural history. It should certainly rank highly on any visitor's itinerary to Beijing.


1. Proper dress is required. No admittance if you are wearing shorts or a skirt.
2. Admittance to the Prayer Hall is limited to Muslims only.
3. Some areas in it are not open to the public. Please refer to the information on the ticket.

How to get there

 By Bus:
1. Take bus 10, 48, 88, or 717 and get off at Niujie Libaisi (Niujie Mosque) Station.
2. Take bus Special Line 13 and get off at Niujie Station.
 By Subway:
1. Take Subway Line 7 and get off at Guang'anmennei Station. Get out from Exit C2. Then walk to the east along Guang'anmennei Street and turn south at the crossing with Niujie Street.
2. Take Subway Line 4 or Line 7 and get off at Caishikou Station. Get out from Exit E. Then walk to the west along Guang'anmennei Street and turn south at the crossing with Niujie Street.
Beijing Bus / Subway Search

Entrance Fee CNY 5 for Chinese, CNY 10 for foreingers; free for Muslims
Opening Hours 08:00-16:00

 Recommended Nearby Attractions:
 Baoguo Temple
 Fayuan Temple
 Taoranting Park
 Guanganmen Food Street

 Suggestd Tours:
Day Trip to Niujie Mosque: One day tour of Niujie Mosque - Fayuan Temple - Taoranting Park - Liulichang Cultural Street
Taoranting Park Cycling: Taoranting Park - Temple of Xiannong - Fayuan Temple - Niujie Mosque - Grand View Garden
More Beijing Tours

- Last modified on Aug. 29, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Niujie Mosque
Asked by Shaikh Shamim Hasan from BANGLADESH | Aug. 28, 2018 17:41Reply
I want to go Niujie mosque from Beishatan by bus. How can I go?
Answers (1)
Answered by Chris from BELGIUM | Aug. 29, 2018 19:30

You can take the Bus Line 618 from Beishatan Bridge South to BJ Normal University and then transfer to Bus Line 88 to the mosque. After that, walk to north about 3 minutes, you can get there.
Asked by Mey from MALAYSIA | Apr. 28, 2017 06:58Reply
From Beijing Wudaokou/Chengfu Road to the Niujie Mosque.
Are there direct bus from Wudaokou area (global village school) to this mosque?
Answers (1)
Answered by Brank from UK | May. 02, 2017 04:12

As I know, there is no direct bus, but you can make a transfer. First, you need to walk eastwards along Chengfu Road to Wudaokou Bus Stop, and then you may take bus no.508 to Jishuitanqiao South Bus Stop. Afterwards, you can transfer bus no.88 to Niujie Mosque Bus Stop. You can find the mosque on the opposite road.
Asked by Jane from USA | Feb. 20, 2017 06:01Reply
What time does the Beijing Niujie Mosque close for visitors?
I've seen 4pm, 5pm, and sunset.
Answers (1)
Answered by Madison from FINLAND | Feb. 20, 2017 19:56

As I know, it closes at 16:00.
Asked by Lyna from SINGAPORE | Oct. 17, 2016 01:11Reply
What is the best way to get to Niujie Mosque from Jianguomen station?
I prefer less walking as I have my 2 children with me. Thank you in advance.m
Answers (1)
Answered by Carol from FINLAND | Oct. 17, 2016 22:17

You can take metro line 2 from Jianguomen Station to Changchun Street Station, Exit B1.
Then change to public bus no.10 to Ox Street Mosque Bus Stop.

Or for your convenience, you can just take a taxi from Jianguomen. It costs around CNY 30 for the single trip.
Asked by Sualah Y. Zougrana from GHANA | Aug. 21, 2016 06:39Reply
I'm coming from Tsinghua University...can someone please help me with direction to the Niujie.
please help me with direction to the Beijing Niujie Mosque...
Answers (2)
Answered by Emily from USA | Aug. 22, 2016 03:08

Ride bus line 717 to Niujie from Tsinghua University High School Station. :)
Answered by Mey | Apr. 29, 2017 18:04

Hello Emily, can i ride it (717) too from Wudaokou? Thx
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