Temple of the Eight Immortals (Ba Xian An)

Xi'an Temple of the Eight Immortals

Located on Changle Fang Street in the eastern suburb of Xi'an, Temple of the Eight Immortals (Ba Xian An in Chinese, aka Eight Immortals Palace and formerly Eight Immortals Nunnery), is the biggest Taoist temple in Xi'an and is a famous Taoist architecture in northwest China. As its name indicates, the temple is mainly dedicated to the legendary Eight Immortals: Han Zhongli, Zhang Guolao, Han Xiangzi, Tieguai Li, Cao Guojiu, Lü Dongbin, Lan Caihe and He Xiangu.

Temple of the Eight Immortals is also called Ba Xian An Palace because when the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded Beijing in 1900, Emperor Guangxu and Empress Dowager Cixi escaped to Xi'an and lived in the Temple of the Eight Immortals. Therefore, Empress Dowager Cixi donated taels of silver later to fund the renovation of the monastery and gave it the name of Ba Xian An Palace.

The temple is said to be built in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), and was repaired and expanded many times in succeeding dynasties. The structures that can be seen today were mainly built in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Not counting Mountain Gate, Paifang, Screen Wall, the Bell Tower and Drum Tower, it can be divided into three sections. The first section includes five halls, dedicating to the protective god of Taoism-Wang Lingguan. The second section has two halls, and the color-painted statues of the Eight Immortals are worshiped in the back hall. The third section is the Main Hall with a tablet hanging on its lintel. The four characters 'Dong Tian Yun Ji' was inscribed on the tablet by Empress Dowager Cixi. Inside the hall, sacrifices were made to Dou Mu Yuan Jun (a high ranked god in Taoism) Taoists in the Temple of the Eight Immortals, Xi''anand other gods. Its annexes contain Lüzu (Lü Dongbin) Hall and Yaowang (King of Chinese medicine) Hall on the east and accommodations for Taoists on the west.

Besides visiting the monastery and burning incenses to pray for felicity, you should also look around the street outside the monastery. It's really a short street at a length of only 100 meters (110 yards) lined with two-storey buildings on both sides. Many curios like bronze mirrors, folding screen, four treasures of study, gallipots, porcelain and folding fans are sold here, most of which were commodities of the common people in olden times.

Temple of the Eight Immortals is a popular and important spot for Taoist celebrations in Shaanxi Province. On the 14th, 15th and 16th day of the fourth lunar month, the annual temple fair will be held. Ceremonious religious activities on the Double Nine Festival (9th day of the 9th lunar month) also attract a lot of adherents and tourists from near and far.
 

How to get to Temple of the Eight Immortals

1. Take buses no. 8, 27, 37, 43, 102, 203, 300, 602, 709, 903, or K622 and get off at Jishiguai Stop, and then walk east to the Gengxin Street. Turn left and walk north about 200 meters (220 yards) and you'll find the Taoist temple.

2. Take metro line 1 and get off at Kangfulu, then get off from Exit B, walk west along West Changle Rd for about 3 minutes, then turn left at the first crossing, walk south for about 4 minutes, you will get there.
Xi'an Bus / Metro Search

Admission Fee: CNY 3
Opening Hours: 9:00 - 17:30
- Last modified on Oct. 12, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Temple of the Eight Immortals (Ba Xian An)
Asked by BenE from MALAYSIA | Jun. 12, 2016 23:57Reply
Is there entry fee to the eight immortals temple at Xian?
Answers (1)
Answered by Joe from FRANCE | Jun. 13, 2016 04:03
00Reply


Yes, you need to pay CNY3 to enter the temple.
Asked by DALE from USA | Jun. 25, 2014 08:27Reply
How can I go from Mausoleum of First Emperor Qinshihuang to Temple of the Eight Immortals easily ?
Can you please tell me the bus #'s?
The length of time between the 2 sites?
How often do the buses run?
Can I use the subway at all?
Answers (1)
Answered by Joe from FRANCE | Jun. 25, 2014 22:24
00Reply


There is no direct bus service. I suggest you take the shuttle bus from the mausoleum to Terracotta Warriors to catch Tourism Bus line 5, 914 or 915 back to Xian Railway Station. Then transfer to bus no. 13, 511, 105, 42, 240 or 231 to get off at Anrenfang. Then walk to the temple! The whole trip takes 70-80min by bus! Actually, Xian Train Station is around 3km to your destination, so I suggest you take a taxi to reach exactly!

You can use bus + subway to reach, but it will make the journey a little complicated. I recommend you give it up!
Asked by ashok from INDIA | May. 22, 2013 01:20Reply
what is the story behind eight immortals in Xian? why are they called eight immortals?
Answers (1)
Answered by Ali from PAKISTAN | May. 23, 2013 04:35
00Reply


The temple is mainly dedicated to the legendary Eight Immortals in Chinese Taoism culture: Han Zhongli, Zhang Guolao, Han Xiangzi, Tieguai Li, Cao Guojiu, Lv Dongbin, Lan Caihe and He Xiangu. It is said that Han Zhonglin got the real meaning of Taoism there. So it is called so.
These are all I know and hopes it helps you.
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