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China Family Reunion Visa (Q)

Chinese Family Reunion Visa, Q visa for short, is issued to relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners residing in China with a permanent residence permit. Depending upon the duration of stay and applicants' eligibility, the Q visa is further divided into two subclasses: Q1 and Q2. Q1 is issued for a stay longer than 180 days, while Q2 is for a short-term visit less than 180 days.

Differences between Q1 Visa and Q2 Visa

Type Application Conditions
Q1 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay > 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Family members of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, such as spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law; or those who are going to China for the purpose of foster care
Q2 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay ≤ 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, including family members mentioned above

Q1 visa is generally issued allowing a single entry, and the holders must apply for a Temporary Residence Permit within 30 days after entry. The residence permit can be granted for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years, and the holders can exit and reenter freely during the validity of the residence permit.

Q2 is flexible from 30 to 180 days, allowing single, double, or multiple entries, and the holders can stay in China for the duration as indicated on visa.

China Q Visa Requirements & Documents

1. Passport

- Original passport valid for more than 6 months and a copy of the information page. US citizens can apply for a 10 years China Q2 visa if their passport is valid for one year or longer.

2. Application Form + Recent Photo

- China Q Visa Application Form with a recent color passport-sized photo affixed to it.

3. Invitation Letter

- An invitation from the family member residing in China who is either a Chinese citizen or a foreigner with a Chinese permanent residence permit.

The invitation letter should contain:
a. Information regarding the applicant, including full name, gender, date of birth, etc.
b. Information about the visit, like purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, arrival and departure dates, relation of the applicant to the inviting entity or individual, and financial source for expenditures.
c. Information regarding the inviting individual, including name, contact number, address, official stamp, signature of the inviting individual, etc.

See sample of the invitation letter.

4. Photocopy of Chinese ID or Foreign Passport and Permanent Residence Permit of the Inviter

5. Proof of Family Relationship - For Q1 Visa Application Only

- Original and copy of kinship proof such as Birth Certificate and Marriage Certificate.

How to Apply for China Q Visa

Applicants should go to the Chinese embassy, consulate or Chinese Visa Application Service Center (CVASC) wherever available for an application either in person or by someone else or trusted agent. Most Chinese embassies and consulates do not accept applications by mail. CVASC in some countries provide service for applications by post, but of course an extra service fee will be charged. Besides, please check the website of above diplomatic missions in advance to see if an appointment is required.

Processing Time

Normal processing takes about 4 working days. The applicant should apply one month prior to the intended travel. In case Express/Urgent Processing is approved by the Chinese embassy or the consulate-generals, the applicant will be required to pay an additional fee.

China Q Visa Fees

The fee for the China family reunion visa is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. But for some countries, like US, Canada, and Australia, the fee is fixed regardless of visa types and number of entries.

China Q Visa Types US Citizens Canadian Citizens UK Citizens Australian Citizens
Single Entry USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 109.5
Double Entries USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 139.5
Multi Entries for 6 Months USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 169.5
Multi Entries for 12 Months or Longer USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 229.5

*The table is for reference only. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.

Further Reading:

8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form

- Last modified on Mar. 06, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on China Family Reunion Visa
Asked by Yew Chuan Chong from UNITED KINGDOM | Mar. 17, 2019 15:13Reply
Spouse of Chinese Citizen. Move to China with Q1 or D visa?
Hello. My wife is Chinese and I am Malaysian. We have been in UK for many years and we are planning to move to China permanently. Can I apply for Q1 visa? or should I go for D visa - Permanent Residence. Thank you.
Asked by D from MAURITIUS | Mar. 13, 2019 21:00Reply
Is it okay (legal?) to do an internship on a Q-1?
I have a grand mother of Chinese nationality and can get a Q. I am planning to use this visa to do an unpaid internship for 6 months in China. As far as I know there is no entry permit type for internship. Would doing an internship on this Q be deemed illegal?
Answers (4)
Answered by Rupert | Mar. 13, 2019 23:02

Maybe you would be fine. You are advised to contact the visa office to confirm that beforehand.
Answered by D from MAURITIUS | Mar. 14, 2019 03:13

The visa office says that I should have an X or work z, but from what I have read online about the new law, there is no specific part about internship. A lot of ambiguity. like one cannot do internship on an X2 but I know a lot of people who do that (without getting paid of course). I don't want an X2 as this would mean I pay for a course to get a visa. I can get a visa without the additional cost. Any suggestions/advice?
Answered by Mary | Mar. 14, 2019 18:39

If so, maybe you can try to find an agency to help you apply the visa.
Answered by John Doe | Mar. 16, 2019 13:56

Working with Q1 is never legal but plenty of people do it anyway and enforcement is quite lax, especially if you are of Chinese descent.
Asked by Sfkrich from CHINA | Mar. 05, 2019 23:05Reply
Q1 in China
Hello! I am about to obtain my work visa, and my husband has a student visa. Is it possible to apply for his Q1 visa inside china and change it here without having to go back to our country? Thank you in advance. PS: because the article mentions that it has to be done a month prior to the intended travel day but in our case, he is already here. Your help is appreciated.
Answers (1)
Answered by Sophie | Mar. 06, 2019 17:05

It's possible to change his visa into Q type at the exit and entry administration of the local PSB within China. If it can succeed, he doesn’t need to go back to your home country for that.
Asked by Jogie from SINGAPORE | Mar. 05, 2019 17:56Reply
Interview for visa renewal
I hold a Singapore passport and is on a Q1 valid for two years and is due for renewal. May i know if i need to attend an interview again at the PSB?
Answers (1)
Answered by Jessie from NETHERLANDS | Mar. 05, 2019 21:54

I think you need to do that. You are advised to contact the PSB to confirm that beforehand.
Asked by Zahidul islam from BANGLADESH | Mar. 03, 2019 09:35Reply
I want to take my wife in china..Bangladesh china ambassy will give my wife's visa for 1 year?
Answers (1)
Answered by Alexander | Mar. 04, 2019 16:56

You can try to apply for a one year visa from the China embassy.
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