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China Family Reunion Visa (Q)

Chinese Family Reunion Visa, Q visa for short, is issued to relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners residing in China with a permanent residence permit. Depending upon the duration of stay and applicants' eligibility, the Q visa is further divided into two subclasses: Q1 and Q2. Q1 is issued for a stay longer than 180 days, while Q2 is for a short-term visit less than 180 days.

Differences between Q1 Visa and Q2 Visa

Type Application Conditions
Q1 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay > 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Family members of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, such as spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law; or those who are going to China for the purpose of foster care
Q2 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay ≤ 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, including family members mentioned above

Q1 visa is generally issued allowing a single entry, and the holders must apply for a Temporary Residence Permit within 30 days after entry. The residence permit can be granted for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years, and the holders can exit and reenter freely during the validity of the residence permit.

Q2 is flexible from 30 to 180 days, allowing single, double, or multiple entries, and the holders can stay in China for the duration as indicated on visa.

China Q Visa Requirements & Documents

1. Passport

- Original passport valid for more than 6 months and a copy of the information page. US citizens can apply for a 10 years China Q2 visa if their passport is valid for one year or longer.

2. Application Form + Recent Photo

- China Q Visa Application Form with a recent color passport-sized photo affixed to it.

3. Invitation Letter

- An invitation from the family member residing in China who is either a Chinese citizen or a foreigner with a Chinese permanent residence permit.

The invitation letter should contain:
a. Information regarding the applicant, including full name, gender, date of birth, etc.
b. Information about the visit, like purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, arrival and departure dates, relation of the applicant to the inviting entity or individual, and financial source for expenditures.
c. Information regarding the inviting individual, including name, contact number, address, official stamp, signature of the inviting individual, etc.

See sample of the invitation letter.

4. Photocopy of Chinese ID or Foreign Passport and Permanent Residence Permit of the Inviter

5. Proof of Family Relationship - For Q1 Visa Application Only

- Original and copy of kinship proof such as Birth Certificate and Marriage Certificate.

How to Apply for China Q Visa

Applicants should go to the Chinese embassy, consulate or Chinese Visa Application Service Center (CVASC) wherever available for an application either in person or by someone else or trusted agent. Most Chinese embassies and consulates do not accept applications by mail. CVASC in some countries provide service for applications by post, but of course an extra service fee will be charged. Besides, please check the website of above diplomatic missions in advance to see if an appointment is required.

Processing Time

Normal processing takes about 4 working days. The applicant should apply one month prior to the intended travel. In case Express/Urgent Processing is approved by the Chinese embassy or the consulate-generals, the applicant will be required to pay an additional fee.

China Q Visa Fees

The fee for the China family reunion visa is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. But for some countries, like US, Canada, and Australia, the fee is fixed regardless of visa types and number of entries.

China Q Visa Types US Citizens Canadian Citizens UK Citizens Australian Citizens
Single Entry USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 109.5
Double Entries USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 139.5
Multi Entries for 6 Months USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 169.5
Multi Entries for 12 Months or Longer USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 229.5

*The table is for reference only. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.

Further Reading:

8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form

- Last modified on Sep. 07, 2020 -
Questions & Answers on China Family Reunion Visa
Asked by Daniel from MEXICO | Sep. 24, 2020 08:19Reply
do you have to be married to apply for the Q Visa?
My girlfriend and I have been together for five years, but not married yet

Asked by nini from GREECE | Sep. 23, 2020 01:36Reply
Visa invitation letter
Hello, I'm in china with student visa and I want to invite my husband. What should I do for the invitation letter Q1 visa, I don't get what does it mean ".... and contact person
if invited by unit", is this unit my university? Also I don't own a " official stamp", do I have to take the invitation letter to some Bureau, so they stamp it, or my university, or my fingerprint with red stamp ink?
Asked by Peter from UNITED STATES | Sep. 22, 2020 19:46Reply
What option do I have as a former Chinese citizen to stay in China long term?
I used to be a Chinese citizen but I naturalized to US citizen. Aside from the Q1 visa (which seems to require invitation from an immediate family member who is a Chinese citizen which I don't have since my parents have naturalized too), I guess there is that 10 years L (tourist) visa. But the tourist visa limits one's stay to 60 (or is it 90?) days. Moreover, the tourist visa doesn't allow for entrepreneurial or business activities in China.

What options do I have in order to:
1. stay in China most of the time
2. can partake in business activities (like getting a bank account, starting a business, etc)

Does China have a special policy for ethnic Chinese?

Asked by Mancius from ITALY | Sep. 21, 2020 04:48Reply
Q Visa after getting marry in China
Hi. I will get marry in China end of this September 2020.
I am already in China and working and living in Beijing since 2011.
I have currently a valid Working Visa and Resident Permit till December 2020 but I am willing to close it due to the Termination of my current job and apply immediately for a Q Visa.
My intent is to keep living in China with my Chinese Wife but be able to exit and enter again anytime and no restriction such as the 180 days stay... considering that is also not easy now days to take a flight and enter again.
What Q Visa is best for me? It is easy to get? Thank you
Answers (1)
Answered by Flora | Sep. 24, 2020 00:10

Dear, will you continue to work in China? Actually, if you enter after September 28, 2020, you can use this work visa to enter as long as it's valid.
Asked by Frank from PORTUGAL | Sep. 18, 2020 12:24Reply
Can US citizens fly into china from Portugal with Q2 visa?
I am a US citizen currently in Portugal and want to go to China. I have a Q2, but it is no longer valid due to the pandemic (it was issued before the pandemic).

However, I am able to re-apply for a new Q2 visa. If all goes well with the application, am I able to visit China flying from Portugal?

I have family in Beijing, so I will visit there. But I have heard that I cannot quarantine in Beijing, is that true? How do I choose the city to quarantine?
Answers (3)
Answered by Helen | Sep. 21, 2020 01:22

You can contact the Chinese embassy in Portugal to see if you are eligible for flying to China from there. Which city you will land and go through the quarantine depends on your flight.
Answered by Frank | Sep. 23, 2020 04:39

Thank you Helen. I am also wondering if it is possible to fly to China from the US?
Answered by Helen | Sep. 24, 2020 02:18

As far as I know, there are some chartered flights.
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