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China Family Reunion Visa (Q)

Chinese Family Reunion Visa, Q visa for short, is issued to relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners residing in China with a permanent residence permit. Depending upon the duration of stay and applicants' eligibility, the Q visa is further divided into two subclasses: Q1 and Q2. Q1 is issued for a stay longer than 180 days, while Q2 is for a short-term visit less than 180 days.

Differences between Q1 Visa and Q2 Visa

Type Application Conditions
Q1 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay > 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Family members of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, such as spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law; or those who are going to China for the purpose of foster care
Q2 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay ≤ 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, including family members mentioned above

Q1 visa is generally issued allowing a single entry, and the holders must apply for a Temporary Residence Permit within 30 days after entry. The residence permit can be granted for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years, and the holders can exit and reenter freely during the validity of the residence permit.

Q2 is flexible from 30 to 180 days, allowing single, double, or multiple entries, and the holders can stay in China for the duration as indicated on visa.

China Q Visa Requirements & Documents

1. Passport

- Original passport valid for more than 6 months and a copy of the information page. US citizens can apply for a 10 years China Q2 visa if their passport is valid for one year or longer.

2. Application Form + Recent Photo

- China Q Visa Application Form with a recent color passport-sized photo affixed to it.

3. Invitation Letter

- An invitation from the family member residing in China who is either a Chinese citizen or a foreigner with a Chinese permanent residence permit.

The invitation letter should contain:
a. Information regarding the applicant, including full name, gender, date of birth, etc.
b. Information about the visit, like purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, arrival and departure dates, relation of the applicant to the inviting entity or individual, and financial source for expenditures.
c. Information regarding the inviting individual, including name, contact number, address, official stamp, signature of the inviting individual, etc.

See sample of the invitation letter.

4. Photocopy of Chinese ID or Foreign Passport and Permanent Residence Permit of the Inviter

5. Proof of Family Relationship - For Q1 Visa Application Only

- Original and copy of kinship proof such as Birth Certificate and Marriage Certificate.

How to Apply for China Q Visa

Applicants should go to the Chinese embassy, consulate or Chinese Visa Application Service Center (CVASC) wherever available for an application either in person or by someone else or trusted agent. Most Chinese embassies and consulates do not accept applications by mail. CVASC in some countries provide service for applications by post, but of course an extra service fee will be charged. Besides, please check the website of above diplomatic missions in advance to see if an appointment is required.

Processing Time

Normal processing takes about 4 working days. The applicant should apply one month prior to the intended travel. In case Express/Urgent Processing is approved by the Chinese embassy or the consulate-generals, the applicant will be required to pay an additional fee.

China Q Visa Fees

The fee for the China family reunion visa is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. But for some countries, like US, Canada, and Australia, the fee is fixed regardless of visa types and number of entries.

China Q Visa Types US Citizens Canadian Citizens UK Citizens Australian Citizens
Single Entry USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 109.5
Double Entries USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 139.5
Multi Entries for 6 Months USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 169.5
Multi Entries for 12 Months or Longer USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 229.5

*The table is for reference only. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.

Further Reading:

8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form

- Last modified on Jun. 21, 2021 -
Questions & Answers on China Family Reunion Visa
Asked by Robyn van der Westhuizen from SOUTH AFRICA | Oct. 27, 2021 00:16Reply
Q1 visa for South African citizen
My husband is a permanent resident in China being working in China for the last 26 months. We are both South African citizens. Will you be able to advise on how I would need to go about to reunite with my husband.
Asked by Russell Heidler from USA | Oct. 14, 2021 05:19Reply
My wife is a Chinese citizen and I am an American citizen we have been apart due to covid restrictio
My wife and I have been apart for almost 2 years since covid. My wife and I don't enjoy being apart and I want to return to my wife. Can I get a Q1 or Q2 visa now to return. We talk 2 or 3 times every day but it isn't the same as being together.
Answers (2)
Answered by MG | Oct. 16, 2021 09:59

A Q1 or Q2 visa is your best option but as of a few months ago the China Embassy and Consulates in the US were not issuing anyz

See my reply to a similar question below.
Your wife could exit, such as you meet up in Thailand, but she will have to quarantine when she returns to China.
Answered by Agent Williams | Oct. 26, 2021 00:31

Hello text me for urgent reply

Wechat Id: Williams_micheals
Whatsapp: +18507599316

For urgent help on visas
Asked by Morgan McClure from USA | Sep. 26, 2021 22:58Reply
For Qi visas, do you have to live in spouses home town where she is registered?
Wife is from Suzhou in Jiangsu. We married in the US almost seven years ago and we have been living in Nanchong Sichuan all this time when I have an apartment. We have been stranded in the US for the past 21 months and I am trying to return to China as a retired person. I am now 63 and have been working in Sichuan, China since 2011. My college was not allowed to renew my contract, which ended last month (2021.8.31) because I am 63 and stranded abroad. What are my possible options?
Answers (1)
Answered by MG | Oct. 16, 2021 09:56

Q1 or Q2 visa, but as of a few months ago China Embassy and consulates in the US were not issuing any.

You can check to see if that is still the case. If not, applying for a Q1/Q2 from a 3rd country where you might already have residency is possible. The difficulty is that coming from countries other than the US, visas are only issued if you can show proof of vaccination with a Chinese covid vaccine. US/UK/Russian etc vaccines are not accepted.

If you can wait until the end of 2021 or Chinese New Year travel will probably become much easier
Asked by Hassan from UAE | Aug. 30, 2021 15:42Reply
The chinese embassy can accept Q2 visa for those who has Chinese friend without relatives in China?
I have A Chinese friend who intends to meet me in China, so my Chinese friend can give me an invitation letter to apply for a Q2. The chinese embassy can accept Q2 visa for those who has Chinese friend without relatives in China?
Answers (1)
Answered by Nick | Sep. 13, 2021 12:03

Q2 visa is for those with relatives inside China and an intended stay for less than 180 days. Not for friends. For friends it would be an S1-S2 visa which are currently not able to enter China.
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