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China Family Reunion Visa (Q)

Chinese Family Reunion Visa, Q visa for short, is issued to relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners residing in China with a permanent residence permit. Depending upon the duration of stay and applicants' eligibility, the Q visa is further divided into two subclasses: Q1 and Q2. Q1 is issued for a stay longer than 180 days, while Q2 is for a short-term visit less than 180 days.

Differences between Q1 Visa and Q2 Visa

Type Application Conditions
Q1 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay > 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Family members of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, such as spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law; or those who are going to China for the purpose of foster care
Q2 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay ≤ 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, including family members mentioned above

Q1 visa is generally issued allowing a single entry, and the holders must apply for a Temporary Residence Permit within 30 days after entry. The residence permit can be granted for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years, and the holders can exit and reenter freely during the validity of the residence permit.

Q2 is flexible from 30 to 180 days, allowing single, double, or multiple entries, and the holders can stay in China for the duration as indicated on visa.

China Q Visa Requirements & Documents

1. Passport

- Original passport valid for more than 6 months and a copy of the information page. US citizens can apply for a 10 years China Q2 visa if their passport is valid for one year or longer.

2. Application Form + Recent Photo

- China Q Visa Application Form with a recent color passport-sized photo affixed to it.

3. Invitation Letter

- An invitation from the family member residing in China who is either a Chinese citizen or a foreigner with a Chinese permanent residence permit.

The invitation letter should contain:
a. Information regarding the applicant, including full name, gender, date of birth, etc.
b. Information about the visit, like purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, arrival and departure dates, relation of the applicant to the inviting entity or individual, and financial source for expenditures.
c. Information regarding the inviting individual, including name, contact number, address, official stamp, signature of the inviting individual, etc.

See sample of the invitation letter.

4. Photocopy of Chinese ID or Foreign Passport and Permanent Residence Permit of the Inviter

5. Proof of Family Relationship - For Q1 Visa Application Only

- Original and copy of kinship proof such as Birth Certificate and Marriage Certificate.

How to Apply for China Q Visa

Applicants should go to the Chinese embassy, consulate or Chinese Visa Application Service Center (CVASC) wherever available for an application either in person or by someone else or trusted agent. Most Chinese embassies and consulates do not accept applications by mail. CVASC in some countries provide service for applications by post, but of course an extra service fee will be charged. Besides, please check the website of above diplomatic missions in advance to see if an appointment is required.

Processing Time

Normal processing takes about 4 working days. The applicant should apply one month prior to the intended travel. In case Express/Urgent Processing is approved by the Chinese embassy or the consulate-generals, the applicant will be required to pay an additional fee.

China Q Visa Fees

The fee for the China family reunion visa is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. But for some countries, like US, Canada, and Australia, the fee is fixed regardless of visa types and number of entries.

China Q Visa Types US Citizens Canadian Citizens UK Citizens Australian Citizens
Single Entry USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 109.5
Double Entries USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 139.5
Multi Entries for 6 Months USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 169.5
Multi Entries for 12 Months or Longer USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 229.5

*The table is for reference only. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.

Further Reading:

8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form

- Last modified on Dec. 23, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on China Family Reunion Visa
Asked by Sabrina from CHINA | Apr. 03, 2020 05:21Reply
Cousins Visa
What visa should my cousin apply for to visit me for more than 180 days? I’m a US National with a work visa in China and a temporary residency card.
Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Apr. 03, 2020 11:38

That depends. A 10-year L visa can let her stay for 60 days at a time, an S2 visa between 90 and 120 days. As she is not a direct family member she most likely won be eligible for a residence permit which allows one to stay for more than 180 days.
Asked by Stuart from UNITED KINGDOM | Apr. 02, 2020 22:40Reply
Can I apply for a Q1 visa inside China?
I am currently working in China and have a temporary residence permit (employment purposes). I will finish my job contract this summer, but I plan to stay in China (not working). My wife is Chinese. Can I apply for a Q1 visa here in China, before my current residence permit expires? Or do I need to leave mainland China and apply for Q1 in another place, e.g. Hong Kong? Many thanks.
Answers (2)
Answered by Violet from AUSTRALIA | Apr. 03, 2020 00:58

You can first try to transfer your work visa to a Q1 visa at the exit and entry administration in mainland. Only if you can't do so, you can go to HK to apply for the Q1.
Answered by John Doe | Apr. 03, 2020 11:36

In Mainland China you will get the family-based residence permit directly and not the Q1 visa, which merely enables one to apply for the residence permit.
Asked by W from W | Mar. 31, 2020 06:05Reply
Q2 Family Visa
I'm British, and my Wife was a Chinese national before changing her Passport to becoming British a few years ago after Marriage. We have 2 children and came to China as a family in May 2018 on a (Q2 Visa) to visit her Chinese relatives.

With our Visas about to expire, and with the closure of the China Borders due to COVID-19 Virus... Will we be able to renew our Visas here directly in China for a further 2 years? Or do we still need to leave the country and apply overseas like we did in the UK before coming here? Thank you.
Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Apr. 01, 2020 12:29

Do you have a residence permit or a Q2 visa? These two are very different things and Q2 visa holders must leave the country before the duration of stay expires. As the longest duration of stay on a Q2 visa is 180 days, it is not possible for you to stay in Mainland China legally for nearly two years without traveling to a third country or region in between.

If that's the case for you then I am sorry to say that you have overstayed your welcome by quite a bit and it is no longer possible to get any visas without leaving Mainland China first. What's worse is that a visa overstayer will not be able to leave without settling their debts with the local National Immigration Administration office.
Asked by Neil from PAKISTAN | Mar. 18, 2020 08:23Reply
family visa
i want to know the process and details for family visa for my mother. i live in china and married Chinese citizen
Answers (2)
Answered by Cherry from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 23, 2020 00:41

Your mother can apply for an S visa at the Chinese Visa Application Center in Pakistan by showing the required documents, such as passport, application form, passport style photo, your birth certificate, and a photocopy of your passport and temporary residence permit of China.
Answered by John Doe | Mar. 23, 2020 16:18

She can choose to get a Q1 or Q2 visa if your wife invites her instead of you.
Asked by Michael from UNITED KINGDOM | Mar. 09, 2020 04:52Reply
Q1 Visa application - Granddad has a HKPID with Home Return Permit
I would like to apply for a Q1 Visa with the intention to get a residence permit and live in Shenzhen with my granddad.

My granddad is a Hong Kong Permanent Residence with a Mainland Travel Permit for Hong Kong and Macao Residents (回鄉證), but he permanently resides in Shenzhen as he has property there. Is it possible for me to apply for a Q1 visa on this basis?

Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Mar. 09, 2020 11:35

He should contact the National Immigration Administration office in Shenzhen to see whether that is a substitute for a Mainland ID Card, although it is possible that the NIA only accepts a "residence permit for Hong Kong/Macao Residents" (which is a Mainland ID lookalike with a similar 18-digit ID number). Although depending on where you are born you may qualify for a Home Return Permit yourself.
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