Home / Embassy / Visa /

China Family Reunion Visa (Q)

Chinese Family Reunion Visa, Q visa for short, is issued to relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners residing in China with a permanent residence permit. Depending upon the duration of stay and applicants' eligibility, the Q visa is further divided into two subclasses: Q1 and Q2. Q1 is issued for a stay longer than 180 days, while Q2 is for a short-term visit less than 180 days.

Differences between Q1 Visa and Q2 Visa

Type Application Conditions
Q1 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay > 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Family members of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, such as spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law; or those who are going to China for the purpose of foster care
Q2 visa 1. Intended Duration of Stay ≤ 180 days
2. Applicants restrictions:
Relatives of Chinese citizens or foreigners with Chinese permanent residence, including family members mentioned above

Q1 visa is generally issued allowing a single entry, and the holders must apply for a Temporary Residence Permit within 30 days after entry. The residence permit can be granted for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years, and the holders can exit and reenter freely during the validity of the residence permit.

Q2 is flexible from 30 to 180 days, allowing single, double, or multiple entries, and the holders can stay in China for the duration as indicated on visa.

China Q Visa Requirements & Documents

1. Passport

- Original passport valid for more than 6 months and a copy of the information page. US citizens can apply for a 10 years China Q2 visa if their passport is valid for one year or longer.

2. Application Form + Recent Photo

- China Q Visa Application Form with a recent color passport-sized photo affixed to it.

3. Invitation Letter

- An invitation from the family member residing in China who is either a Chinese citizen or a foreigner with a Chinese permanent residence permit.

The invitation letter should contain:
a. Information regarding the applicant, including full name, gender, date of birth, etc.
b. Information about the visit, like purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, arrival and departure dates, relation of the applicant to the inviting entity or individual, and financial source for expenditures.
c. Information regarding the inviting individual, including name, contact number, address, official stamp, signature of the inviting individual, etc.

See sample of the invitation letter.

4. Photocopy of Chinese ID or Foreign Passport and Permanent Residence Permit of the Inviter

5. Proof of Family Relationship - For Q1 Visa Application Only

- Original and copy of kinship proof such as Birth Certificate and Marriage Certificate.

How to Apply for China Q Visa

Applicants should go to the Chinese embassy, consulate or Chinese Visa Application Service Center (CVASC) wherever available for an application either in person or by someone else or trusted agent. Most Chinese embassies and consulates do not accept applications by mail. CVASC in some countries provide service for applications by post, but of course an extra service fee will be charged. Besides, please check the website of above diplomatic missions in advance to see if an appointment is required.

Processing Time

Normal processing takes about 4 working days. The applicant should apply one month prior to the intended travel. In case Express/Urgent Processing is approved by the Chinese embassy or the consulate-generals, the applicant will be required to pay an additional fee.

China Q Visa Fees

The fee for the China family reunion visa is the same as the fee for other types of Chinese visa. Generally, fees vary according to nationalities, and number of entries. But for some countries, like US, Canada, and Australia, the fee is fixed regardless of visa types and number of entries.

China Q Visa Types US Citizens Canadian Citizens UK Citizens Australian Citizens
Single Entry USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 109.5
Double Entries USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 139.5
Multi Entries for 6 Months USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 169.5
Multi Entries for 12 Months or Longer USD 140 CAD 142 GBP 151 AUD 229.5

*The table is for reference only. For more details, please click China Visa Fees.

Further Reading:

8 Tips for Filling Out Chinese Visa Application Form

- Last modified on Dec. 23, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on China Family Reunion Visa
Asked by DFOLLAND | Jan. 19, 2020 11:07Reply
Question on invitation letter for a Q2 Visa
My wife is Chinese, and she has a green card, and is living in America with me. We want to go to China to visit her family, and will be staying in a house she owns. Do I need a Q2 Visa? Can my wife give me the invitation letter, even though she is not living in China? Or should I get a letter from one of her family members?
Asked by Michael J from CHINA | Jan. 19, 2020 02:26Reply
Transfer working residence permit to Q1
Hi, I'm currently holding working residence permit and will be expired in October. I'm planning to get Q1 Visa in China. Do I need to cancel my current visa first before getting Q1 or I can just transfer to Q1 visa directly without getting out of China.
Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Jan. 19, 2020 10:39

When in Mainland China you will get the family-based residence permit directly without getting a Q1 visa (which is only issued outside Mainland China for the getting a family-based residence permit). EEAs in different places have different requirements so the easiest way to find out is by contacting them.
Asked by John from SWEDEN | Jan. 12, 2020 08:15Reply
Family visa for gay couple
We are a married gay couple. One European, the other Chinese. Do you think a visa application would be rejected, if we applied for a Q2 visa for the European partner to visit our family in China?
Answers (1)
Answered by John Doe | Jan. 12, 2020 14:46

China doesn't recognize same-sex marriage so legally speaking you two do not have a familial relationship in China. However, visa issuance is at the discretion of the local consular officer who may issue you a visa based on the familial law in your country of residence.
Asked by Gregory from USA | Jan. 07, 2020 00:23Reply
Passport different from that on marriage certificate
The passport used when I married my wife in PRC--and that is listed on the marriage certificate--has since expired and I seem to have lost that expired passport. How can this be overcome?
Answers (1)
Answered by Chris from USA | Jan. 07, 2020 19:48

It should be fine if your personal particulars are the same with those on your old passport.
Asked by Liza Samsona from PHILIPPINES | Dec. 22, 2019 20:02Reply
Q1 visa
My Q1 visa application takes long time processing and it was hold by the embassy. The embassy told us they will call us . What does it mean? It’s been 3 weeks already since it was applied.
Answers (2)
Answered by John Doe | Dec. 23, 2019 12:21

They most likely are verifying you and your spouse's personal information to determine whether the marriage appears to be genuine.
Answered by Liza Samsona from PHILIPPINES | Dec. 23, 2019 17:09

Thank you. Before that the embassy also interview my husband and me. So now it’s been 3 weeks already. My husband and me had civil wedding. I also called the embassy and ask until when is the processing of the visa but they just said they will call us once it is ready. Our marriage certificate the embassy also already authenticated it and also my birth certificate. My husband was very worried because it takes long time. He also emailed the embassy about that. He also submit our love history. I hope I can get my visa soon 🥺
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)