Marco Polo Bridge (Lugou Bridge)
It is often said in Beijing 'there are countless lions on the Lugou Bridge' in view of the fact that there are so many finely carved lions to be seen upon it. This historic structure that crosses the Yongding River is also known as the Marco Polo Bridge, and is situated 15km (9.32 miles) southwest of Tiananmen.
Four ornamental columns each 4.65 meters (15 feet) high and a white marble stele stand at the ends of the bridge. One stele records the reconstruction of the bridge by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in 1698.The other stele bears calligraphy by Emperor Qianlong, the grandson of Kangxi. It reads 'Morning moon over Lugou', and for the 700 years since its completion, the bridge has been a well known scenic spot in the city.
As well as being famed for its aesthetic features, it is also considered to be an architectural masterpiece. It is built of solid granite, with a large central arch flanked by ten smaller ones. Each of the ten piers is protected by triangular iron pillars that have been installed to prevent by flood and ice.
However, it holds a very special place in the modern history of China, and more for painful memories rather than either its stunning beauty or amazing architectural achievement. It was here on this bridge that the eight-year-long War of Resistance against the Imperial Japanese Army commenced on the 7th July 1937, that culminated with the surrender of Japan in 1945. For further information in this connection, please see The Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre.
Take bus 133, 309, 310, 313, 329, 339, 452, 458, 459, 624, 661, 662, 77, 843, 896, 952, 96, 97 or 983 and get off at Kang Zhan Diao Su Yuan Station.
Take Subway Line 1 to Wukesong Station. Leave from Exit D1 and then take bus 624 to Kang Zhan Diao Su Yuan (Sculpture Garden) Station.
Beijing Bus / Subway Search
|Admission Fee:||CNY 20|
|Opening Hours:||April 1 - October 31: 07:00 to 20:00 |
November 1 - the next March 31: 07:00 to 18:00
|Nearby Attractions:||Wanping City Wall (Admisstion fee: CNY 5) |
Sculpture Garden (free of charge and open 08:00 - 17:00, closed on Monday)