Baihua Mountain is located at the junction of the Mentougou and Fangshan districts of Beijing, and Laishui County of Hebei. It is 62 miles (100 kilometers) west of the city center of Beijing. With an area of 7,413 acres (30 square kilometers), it has beautiful natural landscapes and diverse geology. The perennial vegetation coverage (up to 96%) endows the mountain with cool and moist climate. It is popular among the locals and tourists and was designated a national nature reserve in 2008.
Due to its special geographical location, there are several distinctive scenic areas located on Baihua Mountain. Here are the three most popular routes:
A. Baihua Mountain National Nature Reserve:
|Admission Fee:||CNY 40; free for children under 3.9 feet (1.2 meters)|
|Opening Time:||8:00 - 17:00 (from April 28th to October 15th)|
|Transportation:||Take Subway Line 1 to Pingguoyuan Station. Then take bus 892 and get off at Zhaitang. Next, take bus M11 to Zhangjiapu. Bus M11 makes two trips every day, one at 14:00, the other at 18:50. This is the most convenient way but the visiting time is limited because of late arrival. After getting off bus 892, visitors can also take a taxi or carpool with others to reach the entrance. |
Beijing Bus / Subway Search
B. Baicaopan Scenic Area:
|Admission Fee:|| |
CNY 40; free for children under 3.9 feet (1.2 meters)
|Opening Time:||7:30 - 18:00 (Closed from November to next April)|
|Transportation:||1. Take Subway Fangshan Line to Suzhuang Station, and then take bus 833 to Ligezhuang Station. Transfer to bus Fang 20, and get off at Simatai Bei Station. Then take a taxi to the entrance. Bus Fang 20 operates from 6:30 to 14:30. |
2. Take bus 836 or 901 and get off at Yancun Station. Then take bus 833 and follow the directions above.
3. Take Subway Line 1 to Pingguoyuan Station, and then take bus 948 to Ligezhuang Station. Transfer to bus Fang 20, and get off at Simatai Bei. Bus 948 departs at 07:00, 10:00, 13:00, and 16:10.
C. Baihua Mountain Scenic Area:
|Admission Fee:||CNY 60; free for children under 3.9 feet (1.2 meters)|
|Opening Time:||8:30 - 18:00 (no entry after 17:00 in wintertime)|
|Transportation:||Take Subway Fangshan Line, and get off at Suzhuang Station. After arriving at Suzhuang, take public bus 833 or Fang 13, and get off at Sanfu Village. Transfer to bus Fang 21, and get off at Lotus Temple Station. Then walk to the scenic area for about 3 miles (4.6km).|
Whichever route you choose, you will eventually arrive at the same area on the mountain. This mountain contains four scenic areas (including 35 scenic spots): the Main Peak, the Marshy Grassland, the Sea-view Tower and the Baicaopan Scenic Area. Within these areas, there are 10 views of the mountain that are worth seeing. Each of the 10 views has its own distinguished features. Some of them have cultural relics; others have beautiful natural scenery.
The main peak of Baihua Mountain, at an elevation of 6,722 feet (2,049 meters), is the third highest in Beijing. It is embraced by the rolling ridges of East Ling Mountain (7,555 feet / 2,303 meters; the highest in Beijing) and West Ling Mountain on two sides. An alpine marshy grassland lies on the mountain slope at 6,532 feet (1,991 meters). When one arrives here, he will see the overall view of the mountain. Baihua Mountain and East Ling Mountain face each other across a valley. Looking away from the top of Baihua Mountain, the valley is just like a gemstone inlaid in the mountain's embrace. Some narrow paths wind along steep mountain ridges. It is amazing that this kind of zigzag mountain road can be constructed.
Abundant flowers and plants here cover the terrain of Baihua Mountain. Hence the name is Baihua (literally meaning one hundred types of flowers). From May to August, this mountain is just like an ocean of flowers. Even in June and July, there are also many kinds of rare flowers in full bloom, such as Philadelphus pekinensis and weigelas. Colorful flowers enhance the comfortable and relaxing atmosphere in summer. In autumn, the scenery becomes even more attractive. The Marshy Grassland Scenic Area is covered with chrysanthemums and fruit trees. Visitors can eat sweet fruits while climbing the mountain.
Baihua Mountain has a huge variety of plants, including four vegetation types and ten forest communities. Individual species include 130 families and 485 categories. As for animal resources, more than 170 species of animals live on this mountain, including leopards, brown-eared pheasants, black storks and gorals – the rare first class national protected animals. Therefore, Baihua Mountain is regarded as a natural zoo and arboretum in North China.
State Guarding Temple
This mountain also has many cultural sites. The National Light Temple records the long history of religious development around Baihua Mountain. It contains four palaces and many other secondary temples. Thousand-Buddha Pavilion is the main building with a height of 50 feet (15 meters). There was once a large copper figure of the Buddha. However, during the war, the figure was melted down in order to produce weapons and bullets. The Goddess Temple, next to the pavilion, enshrines the figures of Avalokitesvara, Manjuist and Samantabhadra. Manjuist flammule (small flame) is a special and rare phenomenon that is considered as a presage of good luck.
Tip: There is another entrance on the Hebei side inside the Yesanpo Scenic Area. It is also called Baicaopan, and the admission charge is CNY 60 per person.
Other Attractions in Mentougou, Beijing: