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8 Facts on China Train Travel


High speed trains are impressive.

As a beginner to experience train travel in China, you will marvel at the fact of how large China high speed railway network is- it probably covers all of the destinations on your travel list; how fast the train is- it can reach 350 km/h (217 mph); how stable the carriage is- you can balance a coin on its edge; how comfortable the seats are- it is equipped like an airplane. A number of new railway stations have been built for these trains, many of which are connected to subway lines.


Language barrier is not a problem.

The facts are very few railway staff speak English even at the larger stations and the official railway website and hotline are only in Chinese. Fortunately, there are booking agencies like TravelChinaGuide that will buy the tickets for you and deliver them to your hotel for a small fee. If you want to make a reservation on your own, it is easiest to do it at the train station and it is advisable to print out the necessary information in Chinese beforehand.

Once at the railway station, most signs are in both English and Chinese and announcements are usually in both languages making the actual travel easy.

 Useful Chinese phrases for train travel
 How to buy China train ticket
 How to buy ticket online

China High Speed Train
Bullet Locomotive
Squat Toilet on China Trains
A Squat Toilet on a Normal Train

Toilet? Sometimes it’s a hole in the floor.

Although most bullet trains have both western and squat style toilets, many normal trains are still in use. The fact is that the "hole-in-the-floor" toilet or squat toilet is very common on them and a few bullet ones. These can be a nightmare for the beginners. In the old-generation carriages, the toilet opens onto the railway track and is closed when approaching a station. No matter which type of train you are riding on it is important to bring toilet paper. While it is on provided on bullet trains, it runs out quickly.

 Facilities onboard
 Toilets on China Trains


Smoke may follow you like shadows on normal trains.

Smoking is strictly prohibited in bullet carriages. Smokers can only seize the time when the train stops at an intermediate station. If you want to smoke, you are advised to figure out which stations have the longest stops and even then you’d better not walk far away from the carriage door.

On regular trains, smoking is allowed between the connections of two carriages. Unfortunately, the smoke “blossoms” out there and seeps in other parts of the carriage, even in the soft sleeper or deluxe soft sleeper cabins that have a separate door. If you don’t like the smell of smoke, try to avoid the seat or sleeper close to the coach connections. This is always a good idea anyway since the possibly smelly squat toilet is there, too.
 Can I Smoke on Chinese Trains?


Get used to curious stares from your fellow passengers.

If you are travelling by hard seat or a hard sleeper your fellow passengers may keep staring at and studying you. Don’t be afraid. They are just curious. This may be the first time they have seen a westerner. The brave ones may try to talk to you, or in fact test their English. If you are luckily enough to encounter someone good at English, mostly university students, it will be a good chance to seek for advise for your China trip and learn more about China. If you don’t want to be bothered, wear the earphones and they should leave you alone. The bullet train and passengers in the soft sleeper and deluxe soft sleeper are usually wealthier and more respectful, although this is not a universal rule.


Soft Sleepers
All passengers in your cabin may
sit on the lower berth during the day.

The lower berth is used by upper-berth-passengers as a seat during the day.

It is an unwritten custom for all passengers to sit on the lower berths during the day. In hard sleeper cabins, three beds are arranged on each side, so if you don’t want people sitting on your bed, the middle berth is your best choice. The upper berth offers the least space although it gives the most privacy.


The carriage is a moving canteen with noodle slurping and food ordor.

There is a dining car on most long-distance trains and food trolleys on all of them. But the fact is the food is relatively expensive and may not be very good. Local Chinese passengers prefer to bring their own food and snacks and their top choice for a long-distance ride is instant noodles. Boiled hot water is available on the train so the carriages may be full of noodle slurping and food odors during meal times.
 Food onboard


Avoid Peak Travel Seasons or Risk Being Squeezed Like Sardines. 

During the Chinese New Year and National Day Holiday, people pour out from their work places to go home or on vacation. The railway stations and carriages can be unimaginably crowded, especially the hard seat carriages. Try to avoid travelling during these holidays. They are quite challenging for frequent travelers, let alone beginners.
 Spring Festival Travel Rush
 Train Travel in China during Holidays 

 See also: 
China Train Travel - A Beginner’s Guide

- Last updated on Apr. 19, 2021 -
Questions & Answers on 8 Facts on China Train Travel
Asked by Colleen from USA | Aug. 06, 2018 01:21Reply
Are prices per passanger or per room?
Answers (1)
Answered by Kenny from INDIA | Aug. 06, 2018 18:03

The price is for per person
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