Chinese Bilingual Menu - Staple Food, Soup & Seasonings

Staple Food

炒麻食 (Chǎo Má Shí) Stir-fried Shaanxi Pasta (Mashi)
烩麻食 (Huì Má Shí) Braised Shaanxi Pasta (Mashi)
炒面 (Chǎo Miàn) Chow Mein/Stir-fried Noodles
担担面 (Dān Dān Miàn) Dan Dan/Sichuan Style Noodles with Peppery Sauce
刀削面 (Dāo Xiāo Miàn) Sliced Noodles
馄饨 (Hún Tun) Wonton Noodles
手擀面条 (Shǒu Gǎn Miàn Tiáo) Hand-made Noodles
拉面 (Lā Miàn) Stretched Noodles
臊子面 (Sào Zi Miàn) Diced Meat Noodles
油泼面 (Yóu Pō Miàn) Oil Sprinkled Noodles
阳春面 (Yáng Chūn Miàn) Yangchun Noodles
蒸拌冷面 (Zhēng Bàn Lěng Miàn) Sauced Cold Noodles
鳝鱼面 (Shàn Yú Miàn) Eel Noodles
海鲜卤面 (Hǎi Xiǎn Lǔ Miàn) Seafood Noodles
麻酱面 (Má Jiàng Miàn) Sesame Paste Noodles
麻辣面 Má Là Miàn Hot and Spicy Noodles
牡蛎细面 (Mǔ Lì Xì Miàn) Oyster Thin Noodles
牛肉面 Niú Ròu Miàn) Beef Noodles
酸汤面 (Suān Tāng Miàn) Noodles in Sour Soup
汤面 (Tāng Miàn) Soup Noodles
鸭肉面 (Yā Ròu Miàn) Duck Noodles 
榨菜肉丝面 (Zhà Cài Ròu Sī Miàn) Noodles with Preserved Vegetable and Shredded Pork
西红柿鸡蛋面 (Xī Hóng Shì Jī Dàn Miàn) Noodles with Tomato Egg Sauce
炸酱面 (Zhá Jiàng Miàn) Noodles with Minced Pork
鸡汤馄饨 (Jī Tāng Hún Tun) Wonton in Chicken Broth
米饭 (Mǐ Fàn) Chinese Rice
蛋炒饭 (Dàn Chǎo Fàn) Egg Fried Rice
扬州炒饭 (Yáng Zhōu Chǎo Fàn) Yangzhou Fried Rice
排骨米饭 (Pái Gǔ Mǐ Fàn) Spare Ribs on Rice/Pork Chop Rice
洋芋叉叉(Yang Yù Chā Chā) Seasoned Potatoes/Potato Strips with Flour
卤肉饭 (Lǔ Ròu Fàn) Braised Pork Rice
煲仔饭 (Bāo Zǎi Fàn) Claypot Rice
稀饭 (Xī Fàn) Rice Porridge
包子 (Bāo Zi) Meat Bun/Steamed Bread with Stuffings
花卷 (Huā Juǎn) Steamed Twisted Roll
煎饼卷菜 (Jiān Bǐng Juǎn Cài) Chinese Pancake
韭菜盒 (Jiǔ Cài Hé) Fried Leek Dumplings
韭菜煎饼 (Jiǔ Cài Jiān Bǐng) Chinese Leek Pancake
葱花饼 (Cōng Huā Bǐng) Green Onion Pancake
八宝粥 (Bā Bǎo Zhōu) & 腊八粥 (Là Bā Zhōu) Eight Treasures Porridge/Laba Congee
柿子饼 (Shì Zi Bǐng) Persimmon Cake
八宝芋泥 (Bā Bǎo Yù Ní) Steamed Taro with Eight Delicacies
烧饼 (Shāo Bǐng) Baked Cake
油饼 (Yóu Bǐng) Pan-fried Cake
馒头 (Mán Tou) Steamed Bun
炸馒头 (Zhá Mán Tou) Fried Sweet Bun
水晶饺 (Shuǐ Jīng Jiǎo) Pyramid Dumpling
饺子 (Jiǎo Zi) Chinese Dumpling 

 Related Reading: Staple Food Cooking Class


Soup

菜汤 (Cài Tāng) Vegetable Soup
洋白菜汤 (Yáng Bái Cài Tāng) Cabbage Soup
青菜豆腐汤 (Qīng Cài Dòu Fu Tāng) Vegetable Tofu Soup
牛肉蔬菜汤 (Niú Ròu Shū Cài Tāng) Beef and Vegetable Soup
小排冬瓜汤 (Xiǎo Pái Dōng Guā Tāng) Sparerib and White Gourd Soup
西湖莼菜汤 (Xī Hú Chún Cài Tāng) West Lake Water Shield Soup
紫菜汤 (Zǐ Cài Tāng) Seaweed Soup
西红柿汤 (Xī Hóng Shì Tāng) Tomato Soup
蛋花汤 (Dàn Huā Tāng) Egg & Vegetable Soup
西红柿鸡蛋汤 (Xī Hóng Shì Jī Dàn Tāng) Tomato and Egg Soup
紫菜蛋花汤 (Zǐ Cài Dàn Huā Tāng) Seaweed and Egg Soup
地瓜粥 (Dì Guā Zhōu) Sweet Potato Congee
南瓜汤 (Nán Guā Tāng) Pumpkin Soup
粟米羹 (Sù Mǐ Gēng) Sweet Corn Soup 
荠菜豆腐羹 (Jì Cài Dòu Fu Gēng) Shepherd's-purse and Bean Curd Soup
酸辣黄鱼羹 (Suān Là Huáng Yú Gēng) Sour and Hot Yellow Croaker Soup
酸辣汤 (Suān Là Tāng) Hot & Sour Soup
馄饨汤 (Hún Tun Tāng) Wonton Soup
鸡茸粟米汤 (Jī Róng Sù Mǐ Tāng) Chicken and Sweet Corn Soup
鸡汤 (Jī Tāng) Chicken Soup
咖喱鸡汤 (Gā Li Jī Tāng) Curried Chicken Soup
寿字鸭羹 (Shòu Zì Yā Gēng) Decorated Duck Custard
鸭汤 (Yā Tāng) Duck Soup
冬瓜煲鸭汤 (Dōng Guā Bāo Yā Tāng) Winter Melon and Duck Soup
贡丸汤 (Gòng Wán Tāng) Meat Ball Soup
肉羹汤 (Ròu Gēng Tāng) Pork Thick Soup
牛肉丸子汤 (Niú Ròu Wán Zi Tāng) Beef Balls Soup
西湖牛肉羹 (Xī Hú Niú Ròu Gēng) West Lake Beef Soup
鱿鱼汤 (Yóu Yú Tāng) Squid Soup
大汤黄鱼 (Dà Tāng Huáng Yú) Braised Large Yellow Croaker Soup
酸辣鱼丸汤 (Suān Là Yú Wán Tāng) Hot and Sour Fish Ball Soup
鱼丸汤 (Yú Wán Tāng) Fish Ball Soup
蛤蜊汤 (Gé Lì Tāng) Clam Chowder
花枝羹 (Huā Zhī Gēng) Squid Thick Soup
牡蛎汤 (Mǔ Lì Tāng) Oyster Soup
佛跳墙 (Fó Tiào Qiáng) Buddha Jump Over the Wall/Shark Fin Soup
酸辣鱿鱼汤 (Suān Là Yóu Yú Tāng) Hot and Sour Squid Soup
乌鱼蛋汤 (Wū Yú Dàn Tāng) Cuttlefish Roe Soup
椰盅海鲜汤 (Yē Zhōng Hǎi Xiān Tāng) Seafood Soup in Coconut Skin


Seasonings

盐 (Yán) Salt
醋 (Cù) Vinegar
酱油 (Jiàng Yóu) Soy Sauce
香油 (Xiāng Yóu) Sesame Oil
料酒 (Liào Jiǔ) Cooking Wine
味精 (Wèi Jīnɡ) Monosodium Glutamate
鸡精 (Jī Jīng) Chicken Essence
白糖 (Bái Táng) White Sugar
大蒜 (Dà Suàn) Garlic
姜 (Jiāng) Ginger
葱 (Cōng) Scallion/Green Onion
香菜 (Xiāng Cài) Parsley
淀粉 (Diàn Fěn) Cornstarch
豆瓣酱 (Dòu Bàn Jiàng) Broad Bean Paste
豆豉 (Dòu Chǐ) Lobster Sauce Particles
番茄酱 (Fān Qié Jiàng) Tomato Ketchup 
咖喱 (Gā Li) Curry
孜然 (Zī Rán) Cumin
芥末 (Jiè Mo) Mustard
胡椒粉 (Hú Jiāo Fěn) Pepper Powder
花椒粒 (Huā Jiāo Lì) Prickly Ash Seeds
干红辣椒 (Gàn Hóng Là Jiāo) Dry Chili
草果 (Cǎo Guǒ) Cardamom
大茴香/八角 (Dà Huí Xiāng/Bā Jiǎo) Star Anise
茴香 (Huí Xiāng) Fennel Seeds
桂皮 (Guì Pí) Cinnamon
凉姜 (Liáng Jiāng) Lesser Galangal
山奈 (Shān Nài) Kaempferia Galanga
白豆蔻 (Bái Dòu Kòu) White Cardamon

 Related Reading: Chinese Seasonings

- Last modified on Aug. 04, 2017 -
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