Great Wall of China

Badaling Great Wall
Badaling, Beijing
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The Great Wall, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. Just like a gigantic dragon, it winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching approximately 21,196 kilometers from east to west of China.

With a history of about 2,700 years, some of the Great Wall sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, the Great Wall of China is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.

 Great Wall FAQ
How long is the Great Wall of China?
 How tall is the Great Wall?
Can it be Seen from the Space?
Chinese Name: 长城/万里长城
Chinese Pinyin: Cháng Chéng/Wàn Lǐ Cháng Chéng
Length: 21,196.18 kilometers
(13,170.70 miles)
Construction Period: 2,500 years from the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 476 BC)  to 1878 in late Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911)
Having a wonderful Great Wall tour is a must for one’s China trip. Along this super long wall, Beijing ranks the top destination for its proper maintenance of the abundant wall relics of the Ming Dynasty. Badaling and Mutianyu are best sections to see neat and complete walls and beacon towers; while Jinshanling and Simatai offer challenging Great Wall hiking routes with open and wild scenery. Want to discover the charm of the wall with TravelChinaGuide? Let’s get started!

 See Great Wall Tour Tips for making a practical travel plan, including the best travel time, packing list as well as health and safety concerns.
The Wall we see today was mostly built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). It starts from Hushan in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west traversing Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. Here lists the famous sections for you to know the incredible diversity of scenery along the wall and practical travel tips.

 See which section to visit
Excitement abounds regarding the vicissitude of the Wall of the Qin, Han, and Ming Dynasties.

The Great Wall was originally built in the Spring and Autumn, and Warring States Periods as a defensive fortification by the three states: Yan, Zhao and Qin. It went through constant extensions and repairs in later dynasties. It began as independent walls for different states when it was first built, and did not become the "Great" wall until the Qin Dynasty.

Emperor Qin Shi Huang succeeded in his effort to have the walls joined together to fend off the invasions from the Huns in the north. Since then, the Wall has served as a monument of the Chinese nation throughout history.
The mystery of the construction of the wall is amazing. The construction, which drew heavily on the local resources for construction materials, was carried out in-line with the local conditions under the management of contract and responsibility system. A great army of manpower, composed of soldiers, prisoners and local people, built the wall. The construction result demonstrates the wisdom and tenacity of the Chinese people.
Consisting of the wall, beacon towers, and passes, etc, the long-extending Great Wall worked as a complete and solid military defense line in ancient China, protecting the Central Plain from invasions of northern nomadic tribes.
Great Wall carries a considerable part of Chinese culture. It has long been incorporated into Chinese mythology and symbolism. The most well-known legend is about the collapse of a section of the Wall caused by Meng Jiangnu, who cried bitterly over the death of her husband after he died while building the wall. This legend has been spread widely through textbooks, folk songs and traditional operas.
Following a 45-day long survey of 101 sections of the Wall in different provinces, the China Great Wall Academy reported on December 12, 2002 that the forces of nature and destruction by mankind are bringing about gradual reduction of extent of the Wall with the result that less than 30% remains in good condition. The Academy has called for greater protection of this important relic.

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- Last modified on Nov. 14, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on China Great Wall
Asked by Marlen from GEORGIA | Nov. 07, 2018 14:53Reply
When did they make it illegal to take pieces of the great wall of china
Answers (1)
Answered by Mia from UNITED KINGDOM | Nov. 07, 2018 17:48

Since 2006, it has been illegal to take away any part of the Wall.
Asked by MARK ANTHONY QUILENTE from PHILIPPINES | Oct. 18, 2018 09:00Reply
We are arriving at the Port of Tianjin International cruise port on 22 of October.
And some of my crew mates including me is planning to go to the GREAT WALL OF CHINA, and this is our very first time trip around ASIA, any help from you guy is highly appreciated and many Thanks in advance! god bless everyone

Answers (1)
Answered by James from AUSTRALIA | Oct. 18, 2018 18:14

Well, there are several sections of Great Wall and which one do you want to go? The most popular sections are Badaling and Mutianyu Great Wall in Beijing. If you want to visit them, you need to go to Beijing first, you can take a high speed train from Tianjin Railway Station to Beijing South Station.

Upon arrival, if you want to go to Badaling, you can take MTR Line 4 to Xisi Station, get out of the Exit B and walk north about 3 minutes to take Bus Lines 13/ 409 to Deshengmen. Then you can take Bus Line 877 to Badaling directly. The Bus Line 877 only operates from 6:00 to 12:30.
Asked by student from USA | Oct. 03, 2018 09:23Reply
how many people died during the construction of the great wall?
Answers (1)
Answered by David from NEW ZEALAND | Oct. 07, 2018 23:11

According to some historical statistics, the number is about 150,000 in the Qin Dynasty.
Asked by Johny from POLAND | Sep. 10, 2018 09:12Reply
Looking for tips for an overnight hiking trip!
We are group of friends, living for some time at the Changping area. We want to go on a weekend hiking trip to the Great Wall and I hope to get some usefull advice before planing it.
First of all, we definitely want to spend a night either on the wall or in a village close to it. We do not have tents. Is there a possibility of renting some? And if spending night at the village - how are we supposed to search for a place to stay at? Are those places marked? Should we try to contact the hosts beforehand?
Like I mentioned before we live at Changping - are there any convenient ways of getting to the Wall from here?
I would be very gratefull if I could get at least some answers :)
Answers (3)
Answered by Julius from CANADA | Sep. 10, 2018 20:13

Yes, there is renting service so don't worry about this. Of course you need to book the hotel in advance online and contact the hosts. Which section of Great Wall are you going to visit?
Answered by Johny from POLAND | Sep. 11, 2018 08:27

We plan on going to the Jiankou part. Could you recommend any place where we can rent the tents?
Answered by Julius | Sep. 11, 2018 17:44

Near the scenic area, there may be renting service. Don't worry about this. Or you can book one in advance online.
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