The Terracotta Army, aka Terracotta Warriors and Horses, are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum in Lintong, Xian, Shaanxi Province. It is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.
Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had begun to work for his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life.
A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211-206 BC).
Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The State Council authorized to build a museum on site in 1975. When completed, people from far and near came to visit. The Museum of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses have become landmarks on all visitors' itinerary.
Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.
The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No. 1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China's National Day - Oct. 1st, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.
No. 2 Pit, found in 1976, is 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It contained over a thousand warriors and 90 chariots of wood. It was unveiled to the public in 1994.Archeologists came upon No. 3 Pit also in 1976, 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It looked like to be the command center of the armed forces. It went on display in 1989, with 68 warriors, a war chariot and four horses.
Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.
Since Oct. 1st, 2010 the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum have been combined into one large attraction area, Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum, which also includes three other small sites opened in 2011. The Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum and the nearby three sites, namely the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials, and the Museum of Stone Armor, constitute the so-called Lishan Garden. Besides, 30 free shuttle buses have been available for visitors' convenience to travel between the Lishan Garden and the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses from then on.
The Terra Cotta Army is a sensational archeological find of all times. It has put Xian on the map for visitors. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.
How to get to Terracotta Warriors from Xian / Beijing / Shanghai
How to get to Terracotta Warriors from Xian Xianyang International Airport
Visitors can take Airport Shuttle Line 2 to Xian Railway Station. The bus departs every one hour from 10:15 to 19:15 at 1F of T2 and the ticket costs CNY 25. At the east square of the railway station, take tourism bus no.5 (306), 914, or 915, and get off at the final station.
Visitors can also hire a taxi from the airport. Remember to take the legitimate green colored taxies and the fee is about CNY 200. To avoid being cheated, please make it clear to the taxi driver that you only go to the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and refuse to go to other sites or souvenir shops.
How to get to Terracotta Army from Xian Railway Station or downtown
|Tourism Bus No.5 (306) at Railway Station|
Go to the the east square of the railway station to take tourism bus no.5 (306). It takes one hour and the fare is CNY7 per person.
One can also take bus 307, which departs from Tangchengqiang Jiuqu Hub and passes Tang Paradise, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Banpo Museum Bus Hub, and Huaqing Hot Spring. The whole journey takes 2.5 hours and costs CNY8 per person.
How to get to Terracotta Army from Xian North Railway Station
There are free shuttle buses between North Railway Station and the museum. They are scheduled from the railway station from 8:00 to 16:00 and return buses from the museum run from 10:30 to 19:30. The whole journey takes about one hour.
Note: To take the free shuttle bus, you will get a boarding pass by showing your train ticket on the arrival day and the entrance ticket to any attraction of Lintong. Upon arrival at the North Railway Station, you can buy the tickets of Lintong attractions at the Tourist Service Center on the underground floor.
From Lintong District:
Take bus 914, 915, or Speical Line 101, and get off at Terracotta Warriors Museum.
30 free shuttle buses are traveling between the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum for tourists' convenience. One can take them by showing the entrance ticket of the museum.
Operating hours: 8:30-18:30
|Admission Fee:|| |
March 1 to November 30: CNY150
|Guide Services:||The exhibits are well explained in both Chinese and English. Visitors can also choose the guide service for further information. It costs around CNY 100 to hire a guide.|
|Opening Hours:||March 16 to November 15: 8:30 - 18:00, ticketing stops at 17:00; |
November 16 to March 15: 8:30 - 17:30, ticketing stops at 16:30.
|Time for a Visit:||3 hours |
Tip: The museum has many group visitors in the morning. Independent travelers may visit in the early afternoon to avoid the crowd. In this case, please note that the last bus running from the museum to downtown Xian departs at 19:00.
Note: As of Aug. 1, 2017, the circular-screen theater in the museum will be closed for renovation. When to reopen remains unknown.