Being the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Terracotta Army is no doubt a must-see for every visitor to Xian.
Originally the ancient funerary project for Emperor Qin Shi Huang, it is now a live museum, officially named Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum, showing the life stories of the emperor and the once powerful Qin Empire (221 – 207BC) in those days of pomp and vigor.
Terracotta Army Facts
History – over 2,200 years
Chronicle – 246 BC to today
Discovery – by local famers, in 1974
Terracotta Army Visitor Guide
Xian 1-Day Terracotta Warrior Tours from $49, 6 options
8-Day Beijing / Xian / Shanghai Small Group Tour from $899
How to Tour the Terracotta Army – Day tour plan for independent travelers
What to See
1. Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses
Insider's Suggestion: MUST-SEE, 2 to 4 hours
It contains 3 major pits tagged in the order of their discoveries and the Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall.
Pit 1: the largest; found in 1974 and opened to the public on Oct. 1st, 1979. There is the vanguard in three rows followed by a massive battle array of infantry and war chariots.
Pit 2: found in 1976; 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It is the most spectacular one for the variety of divisions including infantry, crossbow team, cavalry, and 80 chariots.
Pit 3: found in 1976; 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It was the command post of the armed forces, with 68 warriors and a chariot led by four horses.
2. Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Garden)
Insider's Suggestion: extra 2 hours, for slow paced travelers, in-depth visit
Pit K0007 – Bronze Aquatic Birds (not open yet)
Pit K9801 – Stone Armor and Helmets (not open yet)
1. The tourist bus line 5 (306) runs from the east square of Xian Railway Station to Terracotta Warriors Museum in one hour, costing CNY7 per person.
2. Bus 307 runs from Tang City Wall Zone 9 Bus Station to the museum in 2.5 hours and costs CNY8 per person, passing by Tang Paradise, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Banpo Museum Bus Hub, and Huaqing Palace.
3. Free shuttle buses run between North Railway Station and the museum.
4. A taxi from downtown Xian to the museum takes 40-50 minutes and costs about CNY 150.
|Ticket Price|| |
March to November: CNY150
|Audio Guide||Rent: CNY 40 per person; Deposit: CNY 100|
|Opening Hours||March 16 to November 15: 8:30 - 18:00, ticketing stops at 17:00; |
November 16 to March 15: 8:30 - 17:30, ticketing stops at 16:30.
|Time for a Visit||3 hours|
As of Aug. 1, 2017, the circular-screen theater in the museum is closed for renovation. The reopening time remains unknown.
About the Master of Terracotta Army - Qin Shi Huang
Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13, Emperor Qin Shi Huang had begun to prepare for his mausoleum. Taking 11 years to finish, the mausoleum is speculated to house many treasures and sacrificial objects. The most amazing masterpiece should be the Terracotta Army guarding the emperor in his life after death.
Military Formation Weaponry