Beijing Transportation

Beijing is the most important transportation hub in mainland China in air, rail and road transportation: China’s largest airport is located here; it is the biggest rail hub of the country; many national roads and expressways radiate out here. Its urban area also has well appointed transport system. However, as a metropolis in a densely populated country, transportation in the city’s urban area is a bit crowded, especially during rush hours (around 08:00 and 18:00). During these time periods, traffic jams are common and may cause significant delays. If possible, avoid taking buses/taxis at this time of a day as it may drain your limited vacation time. The local government has carried out many measures to relieve traffic pressure, including encouraging traveling by public transport tools, allocating car registration by a license-plate lottery system, and controlling traffic by odd-even license plates, etc.

 You can use the following search bar to find schedules on flights, trains and city buses:
 

Air

There are two passenger airports in Beijing: Capital International Airport in northeast of the city, about 25 kilometers (about 16 miles) from Tiananmen Square and Nanyuan Airport in south city, about 13 kilometers (about 8 miles) from Tiananmen Square. The third airport, Beijing Daxing International Airport, will be built in Daxing District in the October, 2019. Most of the domestic and international flights arrive at and depart from the capital international airport, the reputed “First Door of China”.  It is the largest, busiest, most important modern airport in China as well as the first and only airport in Asia-Pacific area equipped with two control towers, three terminals and three runways. Currently, over 90 airlines operate about 1,400 flights to / from 223 destinations at home and abroad here. The airport can be easily reached by airport shuttle bus, express subway train and taxi.

Beijing Airport
Capital Airport

Capital Airport

 Terminal 1      Terminal 2
 Terminal 3Transfer in T3
  - Facilities & Services of T3
  - Airport Maps

Airport Express Train
 Airport Shuttle Bus to Downtown
 Community Bus to Shunyi
 Intercity Bus to Tianjin, Hebei & Inner Mongolia
 

 
It is the center of China’s railway net, which has trains to most of cities of the country. The main railway lines here include Jingjiu Railway from Beijing to Kowloon in Hong Kong, Jinghu Railway to Shanghai, Jingguang Railway to Guangzhou and Jingha Railway to Harbin, etc. In recent years, the inter-city railway to Tianjin, the high speed rails to Shanghai and Guangzhou have also been built, by which passengers can get to Tianjin from the capital city in about half an hour, to Shanghai in about 4.5 hours and to Guangzhou in 8 hours. Passengers to / from the city are now served by about 800 trains at four railway stations:
 

Beijing Railway Station
Beijing Railway Station 
Beijing Train
Bullet Train Locomotive

As one of the busiest long-distance bus transport hubs, Beijing has 20 coach stations operating buses to Tianjin, Zhangjiakou, Xian, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Harbin and Suzhou. There are ten major ones in downtown, including Liuliqiao Passenger Transportation Junction, Bawangfen Long-distance Bus Station, Lianhuachi Bus Station, Dongzhimen Long-Distance Bus Station……
 

Transportation to Major Destinations and Nearby Cities

 How to Travel between Beijing and Tianjin

 How to Travel between Beijing and Zhangjiakou

 Airport Bus to Tianjin, Hebei & Inner Mongolia

 Beijing-Shanghai Train vs. Plane:   High Speed Train to Shanghai,     Flights to Shanghai

 Beijing-Guangzhou Train vs. Plane:   High Speed Train to Guangzhou,     Flights to Guangzhou

 Beijing-Xian Train vs. Plane:   High Speed Train to Xian,     Flights to Xian

 Train to Hong KongFlights to Hong Kong
 

Beijing Subway
 Subway Station

On October 1st, 1969, the first subway line of this city was put into use, making it the first China city having subway. 22 subway lines (including one airport express line) have been in operation with a total mileage of 608 kilometers (378 miles) in the city nowadays. Due to the frequent traffic jams, especially during rush hours, subway is probably the most time-saving transport means in the city. Even some super stars in the city travel by subway if in a hurry. 

Operating Subway Lines:
Line 1, Line 2, Line 4, Line 5, Line 6, Line 7, Line 8, Line 9, Line 10, Line 13, Line 14Line 15, Line 16, Batong Line, Yizhuang Line, Changping Line, Daxing Line, Fangshan LineYanfang LineWestern Suburban Line, Line S1

 Subway Maps
 

Beijing TransportationOver 1,200 bus routes are running in Beijing, including regular downtown lines, suburban lines, night lines and intercity lines. Payment by both cash and the Transportation Smart Card can be accepted.
  Bus / Subway Search
 Hub of Tour Dispatch: offering tourist buses to major attractions in and around the city.
 Sightseeing Bus: Dangdang trolley bus & city sightseeing bus to Tiananmen Square and Summer Palace; tourist bus to Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tombs.
 

67,000 taxis are in operation in Beijing to serve the public with the flag-down rate of CNY13 for the first 3km (2mi). The drivers would charge by meter for downtown travels, and ask for flat rate for long-distance trips. An 8-hour taxi rental with driver may cost CNY500-800. The cost from Capital Airport to Badaling Great Wall is CNY500-600 for a round trip.
 

86,000 public bicycles at the docking stations and 2.35 million dockless sharing bikes are good supplement to the mass transit of Beijing city buses and subways. The public bikes can be rented by everyone who is between 18-65 years old and over 1.3m (4ft) with the Transportation Smart Card.
 

Rickshaw

Rickshaw of Hutong TourRickshaw is a traditional form of transport. Nowadays, modern rickshaw travel is an excellent way to experience old Beijing culture and Hutongs (alleyways). After paying a negotiated fare, the rickshaw pullers will take you through the narrow lanes. They give you detailed explanations on the history and culture of the Hutongs and some even speak fluent English.

Professional tour guides speaking English, Japanese and other foreign languages are also available in the Hutongs. For self-guided travelers, it takes 20-30min for a simple rickshaw experience and costs CNY20-30 per person. If a puller asks for tips, CNY5-10 would be proper. To explore more of the city by rickshaw accompanied by a professional guide, it takes around 2.5h and the charge is CNY200-250 per person. Sometimes the rates are higher than taxi rates, especially during holidays. Therefore, it is recommended to bargain for an exact price prior to boarding.
 Rickshaw Tour to Hutongs
 

It can be used by everyone without registration on all subway lines, city buses, taxis, Airport Express Train, S2 trains to Badaling Great Wall, and public bicycles. Some dedicated supermarkets, restaurants, parks, and department stores also accept the payment with the card. One can buy and top up it at the Customer Service Centers of all subway stations.
 

Named Jingjinji Card for short, the transportation card works for dedicated city buses in Beijing, including all routes departing from the Railway Stations, and Dang-dang Sightseeing Bus Line 1 & Line 2, public buses in Tianjin Binhai New Area and Wuqing District, and all buses in cities of Hebei Province like Shijiazhuang, Zhangjiakou, Qinghuangdao and Xingtai.
 

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